July 20 Events
AD 70 - Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, storms the Fortress of Antonia north of the Temple Mount. The Roman army is drawn into street fights with the Zealots. 792 - Kardam of Bulgaria defeats Byzantine Emperor Constantine VI at the Battle of Marcellae. 911 - Rollo lays siege to Chartres. 1189 - Richard I of England officially invested as Duke of Normandy. 1225 - Treaty of San Germano is signed at San Germano between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX. A Dominican named Guala is responsible for the negotiations. 1398 - The Battle of Kellistown was fought on this day between the forces of the English led by Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March against the O'Byrnes and O'Tooles under the command of Art Óg mac Murchadha Caomhánach, the most powerful Chieftain in Leinster. 1402 - Ottoman-Timurid Wars: Battle of Ankara: Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeats forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I. 1592 - During the first Japanese invasion of Korea, Japanese forces led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi captured Pyongyang, although they were ultimately unable to hold it. 1715 - Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War: The Ottoman Empire captures Nauplia, the capital of the Republic of Venice's "Kingdom of the Morea", thereby opening the way to the swift Ottoman reconquest of the Morea. 1738 - Canadian explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan. 1799 - Tekle Giyorgis I begins his first of six reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia. 1807 - Nicéphore Niépce is awarded a patent by Napoleon for the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine, after it successfully powered a boat upstream on the river Saône in France. 1810 - Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada declare independence from Spain. 1831 - Seneca and Shawnee people agree to relinquish their land in western Ohio for 60,000 acres west of the Mississippi River. 1848 - The first Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, a two-day event, concludes. 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek: Near Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General William T. Sherman. 1866 - Austro-Prussian War: Battle of Lissa: The Austrian Navy, led by Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, defeats the Italian Navy near the island of Vis in the Adriatic Sea. 1871 - British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada. 1885 - The Football Association legalizes professionalism in association football under pressure from the British Football Association. 1903 - The Ford Motor Company ships its first automobile. 1917 - World War I: The Corfu Declaration, which leads to the creation of the post-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia. 1920 - The Greek Army takes control of Silivri after Greece is awarded the city by the Paris Peace Conference; by 1923 Greece effectively lost control to the Turks. 1922 - The League of Nations awards mandates of Togoland to France and Tanganyika to the United Kingdom. 1932 - In the Preußenschlag, German President Hindenburg places Prussia directly under the rule of the national government. 1934 - Labor unrest in the U.S.: Police in Minneapolis fire upon striking truck drivers, during the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934, killing two and wounding sixty-seven. 1934 - West Coast waterfront strike: In Seattle, police fire tear gas on and club 2,000 striking longshoremen. The governor of Oregon calls out the National Guard to break a strike on the Portland docks. 1935 - Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen. 1936 - The Montreux Convention is signed in Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacetime. 1938 - The United States Department of Justice files suit in New York City against the motion picture industry charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system. The case would eventually result in a break-up of the industry in 1948. 1940 - Denmark leaves the League of Nations. 1940 - California opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway. 1941 - Soviet leader Joseph Stalin consolidates the Commissariats of Home Affairs and National Security to form the NKVD and names Lavrentiy Beria its chief. 1944 - World War II: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg. 1949 - The Israel–Syria Mixed Armistice Commission brokers the last of four ceasefire agreements to end the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. 1950 - Cold War: In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads guilty to spying for the Soviet Union by passing secrets from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs. 1951 - King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem. 1954 - Germany: Otto John, head of West Germany's secret service, defects to East Germany. 1960 - Ceylon elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government. 1960 - The Polaris missile is successfully launched from a submarine, the, for the first time. 1961 - French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte. 1964 - Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces attack the capital of Định Tường Province, Cái Bè, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians. 1968 - The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities. 1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 11's crew successfully makes the first manned landing on the Moon in the Sea of Tranquility. Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans to walk on the Moon six and a half hours later. 1969 - A cease fire is announced between Honduras and El Salvador, six days after the beginning of the "Football War". 1974 - Turkish invasion of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a coup d'état, organised by the dictator of Greece, against president Makarios. 1976 - The American Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars. 1977 - The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind-control experiments. 1977 - The Johnstown flood of 1977 kills 84 people and causes millions of dollars in damages. 1982 - Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings: The Provisional IRA detonates two bombs in Hyde Park and Regent's Park in central London, killing eight soldiers, wounding forty-seven people, and leading to the deaths of seven horses. 1985 - The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles. 1989 - Burma's ruling junta puts opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest. 1992 - Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia. 1997 - The fully restored celebrates its 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years. 1999 - The Chinese Communist Party begins a persecution campaign against Falun Gong, arresting thousands nationwide. 2005 - The Civil Marriage Act legalizes same-sex marriage in Canada. 2012 - James Holmes opened fire at a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, killing 12 and injuring 70 others. 2013 - Seventeen government soldiers are killed in an attack by FARC revolutionaries in the Colombian department of Arauca. 2015 - A huge explosion in the mostly Kurdish border town of Suruç, Turkey, targeting the Socialist Youth Associations Federation, kills at least 31 people and injures over 100. 2015 - The United States and Cuba resume full diplomatic relations after five decades. 2017 - O. J. Simpson is granted parole to be released from prison after serving nine years of a 33-year sentence after being convicted of armed robbery in Las Vegas. Births 356 BC - Alexander the Great, Macedonian king 682 - Taichō, Japanese monk and scholar 1304 - Petrarch, Italian poet and scholar 1313 - John Tiptoft, 2nd Baron Tibetot 1346 - Margaret, Countess of Pembroke, daughter of King Edward III of England 1470 - John Bourchier, 1st Earl of Bath, English noble 1519 - Pope Innocent IX 1537 - Arnaud d'Ossat, French cardinal 1583 - Alban Roe, English Benedictine martyr 1591 - Anne Hutchinson, English Puritan preacher 1592 - Johan Björnsson Printz, governor of New Sweden 1601 - Robert Wallop, English politician 1620 - Nikolaes Heinsius the Elder, Dutch poet and scholar 1649 - William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland 1754 - Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French philosopher and academic 1757 - Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian politician and diplomat 1762 - Jakob Haibel, Austrian tenor and composer 1774 - Auguste de Marmont, French general 1789 - Mahmud II, Ottoman sultan 1804 - Richard Owen, English biologist, anatomist, and paleontologist 1822 - Gregor Mendel, Austro-German monk, geneticist and botanist 1838 - Augustin Daly, American playwright and manager 1838 - William Paine Lord, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Oregon 1838 - Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet, English civil servant and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1847 - Max Liebermann, German painter and academic 1849 - Robert Anderson Van Wyck, American lawyer and politician, 91st Mayor of New York City 1852 - Theo Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1854 - Philomène Belliveau, Canadian artist 1864 - Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet, Nobel Prize laureate 1864 - Ruggero Oddi, Italian physiologist and anatomist 1868 - Miron Cristea, Romanian cleric and politician, 38th Prime Minister of Romania 1873 - Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian pilot 1876 - Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician and academic 1877 - Tom Crean, Irish sailor and explorer 1882 - Olga Hahn-Neurath, Austrian mathematician and philosopher 1889 - John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, Scottish broadcaster, co-founded BBC 1890 - Verna Felton, American actress 1890 - Julie Vinter Hansen, Danish-Swiss astronomer and academic 1890 - Giorgio Morandi, Italian painter 1893 - George Llewelyn Davies, English soldier 1895 - László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter, photographer, and sculptor 1897 - Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1900 - Maurice Leyland, English cricketer and coach 1901 - Vehbi Koç, Turkish businessman and philanthropist, founded Koç Holding 1901 - Eugenio Lopez Sr., Filipino businessman and founder of the Lopez Group of Companies 1901 - Heinie Manush, American baseball player and manager 1902 - Leonidas Berry, American gastroenterologist 1905 - Joseph Levis, American foil fencer 1909 - Eric Rowan, South African cricketer 1910 - Vilém Tauský, Czech-English conductor and composer 1911 - Baqa Jilani, Indian cricketer 1911 - José Zabala-Santos, Filipino author and illustrator 1912 - George Johnston, Australian journalist and author 1914 - Dobri Dobrev, Bulgarian philanthropist 1914 - Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician 1914 - Ersilio Tonini, Italian cardinal 1918 - Cindy Walker, American singer-songwriter and dancer 1919 - Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer and explorer 1919 - Jacquemine Charrott Lodwidge, English writer 1920 - Elliot Richardson, American lieutenant and politician, 11th United States Secretary of Defense 1921 - Henri Alleg, English-French journalist and author 1922 - Alan Stephenson Boyd, American lawyer and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Transportation 1923 - Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist 1924 - Lola Albright, American actress and singer 1924 - Thomas Berger, American author and playwright 1924 - Mort Garson, Canadian-American songwriter and composer 1925 - Jacques Delors, French economist and politician, 8th President of the European Commission 1925 - Frantz Fanon, French–Algerian psychiatrist and philosopher 1927 - Barbara Bergmann, American economist and academic 1927 - Heather Chasen, English actress 1927 - Michael Gielen, Austrian conductor and composer 1927 - Ian P. Howard, English-Canadian psychologist and academic 1928 - Józef Czyrek, Polish economist and politician, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs 1928 - Belaid Abdessalam, Prime Minister of Algeria 1929 - Hazel Hawke, Australian social worker and pianist, 23rd Spouse of the Prime Minister of Australia 1929 - Mike Ilitch, American businessman, co-founded Little Caesars 1929 - Rajendra Kumar, Pakistani-Indian actor and producer 1929 - David Tonkin, Australian politician, 38th Premier of South Australia 1930 - Giannis Agouris, Greek journalist and author 1930 - Chuck Daly, American basketball player and coach 1930 - William H. Goetzmann, American historian and author 1930 - Sally Ann Howes, English-American singer and actress 1931 - Tony Marsh, English race car driver 1932 - Nam June Paik, American artist 1932 - Otto Schily, German lawyer and politician, German Minister of the Interior 1933 - Buddy Knox, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1933 - Cormac McCarthy, American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter 1933 - Rex Williams, English snooker player 1935 - Peter Palumbo, Baron Palumbo, English businessman and art collector 1936 - Alistair MacLeod, Canadian novelist and short story writer 1936 - Barbara Mikulski, American social worker and politician 1938 - Deniz Baykal, Turkish lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey 1938 - Roger Hunt, English footballer 1938 - Tony Oliva, Cuban-American baseball player and coach 1938 - Diana Rigg, English actress 1938 - Natalie Wood, American actress 1939 - Judy Chicago, American painter and sculptor 1941 - Don Chuy, American football player 1941 - Periklis Korovesis, Greek author and journalist 1941 - Kurt Raab, German actor, screenwriter, and production designer 1942 - Pete Hamilton, American race car driver 1943 - Chris Amon, New Zealand race car driver 1943 - Bob McNab, English footballer 1943 - Adrian Păunescu, Romanian poet, journalist, and politician 1943 - Wendy Richard, English actress 1944 - Mel Daniels, American basketball player and coach 1944 - W. Cary Edwards, American politician 1944 - Olivier de Kersauson, French sailor 1944 - T. G. Sheppard, American country music singer-songwriter 1945 - Kim Carnes, American singer-songwriter 1945 - Larry Craig, American soldier and politician 1945 - John Lodge, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer 1945 - Bo Rein, American football player and coach 1946 - Randal Kleiser, American actor, director, and producer 1947 - Gerd Binnig, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1947 - Carlos Santana, Mexican-American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1948 - Muse Watson, American actor and producer 1950 - Edward Leigh, English lawyer and politician 1950 - Lucille Lemay, Canadian archer 1951 - Jeff Rawle, English actor and screenwriter 1953 - Dave Evans, Welsh-Australian singer-songwriter 1953 - Thomas Friedman, American journalist and author 1953 - Marcia Hines, American-Australian singer and actress 1954 - Moira Harris, American actress 1954 - Jay Jay French, American guitarist and producer 1955 - Desmond Douglas, Jamaican-English table tennis player 1955 - René-Daniel Dubois, Canadian actor and playwright 1955 - Jem Finer, English banjo player and songwriter 1956 - Paul Cook, English drummer 1956 - Thomas N'Kono, Cameroonian footballer 1956 - Jim Prentice, Canadian lawyer and politician, 16th Premier of Alberta 1958 - Mick MacNeil, Scottish keyboard player and songwriter 1959 - Radney Foster, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1960 - Claudio Langes, Italian race car driver 1960 - Prvoslav Vujčić, Serbian-Canadian poet and philosopher 1960 - Sudesh Berry, Indian actor 1961 - Óscar Elías Biscet, Cuban physician and activist, founded the Lawton Foundation 1962 - Carlos Alazraqui, American actor, producer, and screenwriter 1962 - Giovanna Amati, Italian race car driver 1962 - Julie Bindel, English journalist, author, and academic 1963 - Frank Whaley, American actor, director, and screenwriter 1964 - Chris Cornell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1964 - Terri Irwin, American-Australian zoologist and author 1964 - Sebastiano Rossi, Italian footballer 1964 - Bernd Schneider, German race car driver 1965 - Jess Walter, American journalist and author 1966 - Stone Gossard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1966 - Enrique Peña Nieto, Mexican lawyer and politician, 57th President of Mexico 1967 - Courtney Taylor-Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1968 - Jimmy Carson, American ice hockey player 1968 - Hami Mandıralı, Turkish footballer and manager 1968 - Kool G Rap, American hip-hop artist 1969 - Josh Holloway, American actor 1969 - Kreso Kovacec, Croatian-German footballer 1969 - Giovanni Lombardi, Italian cyclist 1969 - Joon Park, South Korean-American singer 1969 - Tobi Vail, American singer and guitarist 1971 - Charles Johnson, American baseball player 1971 - Sandra Oh, Canadian actress 1972 - Jamie Ainscough, Australian rugby league player 1972 - Jozef Stümpel, Slovak ice hockey player 1972 - Erik Ullenhag, Swedish jurist and politician 1972 - Vitamin C, American singer-songwriter 1973 - Omar Epps, American actor 1973 - Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway 1973 - Peter Forsberg, Swedish ice hockey player and manager 1973 - Nixon McLean, Caribbean cricketer 1973 - Roberto Orci, Mexican-American screenwriter and producer 1973 - Claudio Reyna, American soccer player 1975 - Ray Allen, American basketball player and actor 1975 - Judy Greer, American actress and producer 1975 - Erik Hagen, Norwegian footballer 1975 - Birgitta Ohlsson, Swedish journalist and politician, 5th Swedish Minister for European Union Affairs 1975 - Jason Raize, American singer and actor 1975 - Yusuf Şimşek, Turkish footballer and manager 1976 - Erica Hill, American journalist 1976 - Debashish Mohanty, Indian cricketer and coach 1976 - Andrew Stockdale, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist 1976 - Alex Yoong, Malaysian race car driver 1977 - Kiki Musampa, Congolese footballer 1977 - Yves Niaré, French shot putter 1977 - Alessandro Santos, Brazilian-Japanese footballer 1978 - Pavel Datsyuk, Russian ice hockey player 1978 - Will Solomon, American basketball player 1978 - Elliott Yamin, American singer-songwriter 1978 - Ieva Zunda, Latvian runner and hurdler 1979 - Miklós Fehér, Hungarian footballer 1979 - Charlotte Hatherley, English singer-songwriter and guitarist 1979 - David Ortega, Spanish swimmer 1980 - Tesfaye Bramble, English-Montserratian footballer 1980 - Gisele Bündchen, Brazilian model, fashionista, and businesswoman 1981 - Viktoria Ladõnskaja, Estonian journalist and politician 1982 - Antoine Vermette, Canadian ice hockey player 1984 - Alexi Casilla, Dominican baseball player 1984 - Matt Gilroy, American ice hockey player 1985 - John Francis Daley, American actor and screenwriter 1985 - Harley Morenstein, Canadian actor and YouTube personality 1985 - David Mundy, Australian footballer 1986 - Osric Chau, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1987 - Nicola Benedetti, Scottish violinist 1987 - Niall McGinn, Irish footballer 1988 - Julianne Hough, American singer-songwriter, actress, and dancer 1988 - Stephen Strasburg, American baseball player 1988 - Shahram Mahmoudi, Iranian volleyball player 1989 - Javier Cortés, Mexican footballer 1989 - Cristian Pasquato, Italian footballer 1990 - Lars Unnerstall, German footballer 1991 - Chiyoshōma Fujio, Mongolian sumo wrestler 1991 - Ryan James, Australian rugby league player 1991 - Kira Kazantsev, Miss America 2015 1991 - Philipp Reiter, German mountaineer and runner 1993 - Steven Adams, New Zealand basketball player 1995 - Moses Leota, New Zealand rugby league player 1996 - Ben Simmons, Australian basketball player Deaths 518 - Amantius, Byzantine grand chamberlain and Monophysite martyr 833 - Ansegisus, Frankish abbot and saint 985 - Boniface VII, antipope of Rome 1031 - Robert II, king of France 1156 - Toba, emperor of Japan 1320 - Oshin, king of Armenia 1332 - Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland 1387 - Robert IV, French nobleman 1398 - Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, Welsh nobleman 1453 - Enguerrand de Monstrelet, French historian and author 1454 - John II, king of Castile and León 1514 - György Dózsa, Transylvanian peasant revolt leader 1524 - Claude, queen consort of France 1526 - García Jofre de Loaísa, Spanish explorer 1600 - William More, English courtier 1616 - Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, Irish nobleman and rebel soldier 1704 - Peregrine White, English-American farmer and soldier 1752 - Johann Christoph Pepusch, German-English composer and theorist 1816 - Gavrila Derzhavin, Russian poet and politician 1866 - Bernhard Riemann, German mathematician and academic 1897 - Jean Ingelow, English poet and author 1901 - William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic 1903 - Leo XIII, pope of the Catholic Church 1908 - Demetrius Vikelas, Greek businessman and author 1908 - Karl Bernhard Zoeppritz, German geophysicist and seismologist 1910 - Anderson Dawson, Australian politician, 14th Premier of Queensland 1922 - Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician and theorist 1923 - Pancho Villa, Mexican general and politician, Governor of Chihuahua 1926 - Felix Dzerzhinsky, Russian educator and politician 1927 - Ferdinand I, king of Romania 1928 - Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet and author 1932 - René Bazin, French author and academic 1937 - Olga Hahn-Neurath, Austrian mathematician and philosopher from the Vienna Circle 1937 - Guglielmo Marconi, Italian physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate 1941 - Lew Fields, American actor and producer 1944 - Ludwig Beck, German general 1945 - Paul Valéry, French author and poet 1951 - Abdullah I, king of Jordan 1953 - Dumarsais Estimé, Haitian lawyer and politician, 33rd President of Haiti 1953 - Jan Struther, English author and hymn-writer 1955 - Calouste Gulbenkian, Armenian businessman and philanthropist 1956 - James Alexander Calder, Canadian educator and politician, Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence 1959 - William D. Leahy, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to France 1965 - Batukeshwar Dutt, Indian activist 1968 - Bray Hammond, American historian and author 1970 - Iain Macleod, English journalist and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1972 - Geeta Dutt, Indian singer and actress 1973 - Bruce Lee, American actor and martial artist 1973 - Robert Smithson, American photographer and sculptor 1974 - Allen Jenkins, American actor and singer 1974 - Kamal Dasgupta, Bengali music director, composer and folk artist. 1976 - Joseph Rochefort, American captain and cryptanalyst 1977 - Gary Kellgren, American record producer, co-founded Record Plant 1980 - Maria Martinez, San Ildefonso Pueblo potter 1981 - Kostas Choumis, Greek-Romanian footballer 1983 - Frank Reynolds, American soldier and journalist 1987 - Richard Egan, American soldier and actor 1989 - Forrest H. Anderson, American judge and politician, 17th Governor of Montana 1990 - Herbert Turner Jenkins, American police officer 1993 - Vince Foster, American lawyer and political figure 1994 - Paul Delvaux, Belgian painter 1997 - M. E. H. Maharoof, Sri Lankan politician 1998 - June Byers, American wrestler 1999 - Sandra Gould, American actress 2002 - Michalis Kritikopoulos, Greek footballer 2003 - Nicolas Freeling, English author 2004 - Lala Mara, Fijian politician 2004 - Valdemaras Martinkėnas, Lithuanian footballer and coach 2005 - James Doohan, Canadian-American actor 2005 - Finn Gustavsen, Norwegian journalist and politician 2005 - Kayo Hatta, American director and cinematographer 2006 - Ted Grant, South African-English theorist and activist 2006 - Gérard Oury, French actor, director, and producer 2007 - Tammy Faye Messner, American Christian evangelist and talk show host 2008 - Artie Traum, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer 2008 - Dinko Šakić, Croatian concentration camp commander 2009 - Vedat Okyar, Turkish footballer 2009 - Mark Rosenzweig, American psychologist and academic 2011 - Lucian Freud, German-English painter and illustrator 2012 - Alastair Burnet, English journalist 2012 - Jack Davis, American hurdler 2012 - José Hermano Saraiva, Portuguese historian, jurist, and politician, Portuguese Minister of Education 2013 - Pierre Fabre, French pharmacist and businessman, founded Laboratoires Pierre Fabre 2013 - Khurshed Alam Khan, Indian politician, 2nd Governor of Goa 2013 - Augustus Rowe, Canadian physician and politician 2013 - Helen Thomas, American journalist and author 2014 - Victor G. Atiyeh, American businessman and politician, 32nd Governor of Oregon 2014 - Constantin Lucaci, Romanian sculptor and educator 2014 - Bob McNamara, American football player 2014 - Klaus Schmidt, German archaeologist and academic 2015 - Wayne Carson, American singer-songwriter and producer 2015 - Fred Else, English footballer and manager 2015 - Dieter Moebius, Swiss-German keyboard player and producer 2016 - Radu Beligan, Romanian actor, director, and essayist 2017 - Chester Bennington, American singer Holidays and observances Birthday of Crown Prince Haakon Magnus Christian feast day: * Ansegisus * Apollinaris of Ravenna * Aurelius * Ealhswith * Elijah * Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Amelia Bloomer, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Ross Tubman * John Baptist Yi * Margaret the Virgin * Thorlac * Wilgefortis * July 20 Día del Amigo Engineer's Day Independence Day, celebrates the independence declaration of Colombia from Spain in 1810. International Chess Day Lempira Day Tree Planting Day
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