March 16 Events
934 - Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor and establishes Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang. 1190 - Massacre of Jews at Clifford's Tower, York. 1244 - Over 200 Cathars who refuse to recant are burned to death after the Fall of Montségur. 1322 - The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the Despenser Wars. 1521 - Ferdinand Magellan reaches the island of Homonhon in the Philippines. 1621 - Samoset, a Mohegan, visited the settlers of Plymouth Colony and greets them, "Welcome, Englishmen! My name is Samoset." 1660 - The Long Parliament of England is dissolved so as to prepare for the new Convention Parliament. 1689 - The 23rd Regiment of Foot, or Royal Welch Fusiliers, is founded. 1782 - American Revolutionary War: Spanish troops capture the British-held island of Roatán. 1782 - Anglo-Spanish War : Action of 16 March 1782. 1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden is shot; he dies on March 29. 1797 - French Revolutionary Wars: An Austrian column is defeated by the French in the Battle of Valvasone. 1802 - The Army Corps of Engineers is established to found and operate the United States Military Academy at West Point. 1812 - The Siege of Badajoz begins: British and Portuguese forces besiege and defeat the French garrison during the Peninsular War. 1815 - Prince Willem proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in the Netherlands. 1818 - In the Second Battle of Cancha Rayada, Spanish forces defeated Chileans under José de San Martín. 1864 - American Civil War: During the Red River Campaign, Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana. 1865 - American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough began as Confederate forces suffer irreplaceable casualties in the final months of the war. 1870 - The first version of the overture fantasy Romeo and Juliet by Tchaikovsky receives its première performance. 1872 - The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1–0 at The Oval in Kennington, London. 1894 - Jules Massenet's opera Thaïs is first performed. 1898 - In Melbourne the representatives of five colonies adopted a constitution, which would become the basis of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1900 - Sir Arthur Evans purchased the land around the ruins of Knossos, the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete. 1916 - The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the US–Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa. 1917 - World War I: A German auxiliary cruiser is sunk in the Action of 16 March 1917. 1918 - Finnish Civil War: Battle of Länkipohja is infamous for its bloody aftermath as the Whites executed 70–100 capitulated Reds. 1924 - In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, Fiume becomes annexed as part of Italy. 1925 - An earthquake occurs in Yunnan, China. 1926 - History of Rocketry: Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts. 1935 - Adolf Hitler orders Germany to rearm herself in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Conscription is reintroduced to form the Wehrmacht. 1936 - Warmer-than-normal temperatures rapidly melt snow and ice on the upper Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, leading to a major flood in Pittsburgh. 1939 - From Prague Castle, Hitler proclaims Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate. 1940 - First person killed in a German bombing raid on the UK in World War II during a raid on Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands. 1945 - World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ended, but small pockets of Japanese resistance persisted. 1945 - Ninety percent of Würzburg, Germany is destroyed in only 20 minutes by British bombers, resulting in around 5,000 deaths. 1958 - The Ford Motor Company produces its 50 millionth automobile, the Thunderbird, averaging almost a million cars a year since the company's founding. 1962 - A Flying Tiger Line Super Constellation disappears in the western Pacific Ocean, with all 107 aboard missing and presumed dead. 1966 - Launch of Gemini 8, the 12th manned American space flight and first space docking with an Agena Target Vehicle. 1968 - Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre occurs; between 347 and 500 Vietnamese villagers are killed by American troops. 1968 - General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado. 1969 - A Viasa McDonnell Douglas DC-9 crashes in Maracaibo, Venezuela, killing 155. 1976 - British Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigns, citing personal reasons. 1977 - Assassination of Kamal Jumblatt, the main leader of the anti-government forces in the Lebanese Civil War. 1978 - Former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro is kidnapped. 1978 - A Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Tupolev Tu-134 crashes near Gabare, Bulgaria, killing 73. 1978 - Supertanker Amoco Cadiz splits in two after running aground on the Portsall Rocks, three miles off the coast of Brittany, resulting in the largest oil spill in history at that time. 1979 - Sino-Vietnamese War: The People's Liberation Army crosses the border back into China, ends the war. 1983 - Demolition of the Ismaning radio transmitter, the last wooden radio tower in Germany. 1984 - William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Lebanon, is kidnapped by Hezbollah. 1985 - Associated Press newsman Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut. He is released on December 4, 1991. 1988 - Iran–Contra affair: Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States. 1988 - Halabja chemical attack: The Kurdish town of Halabja in Iraq is attacked with a mix of poison gas and nerve agents on the orders of Saddam Hussein, killing 5,000 people and injuring about 10,000 people. 1988 - The Troubles: Ulster loyalist militant Michael Stone attacks a Provisional IRA funeral in Belfast with pistols and grenades. Three persons, one of them a member of PIRA are killed, and more than 60 others are wounded. 1991 - The airplane carrying eight members of Reba McEntire's touring band crashed on the side of Otay Mountain. 1995 - Mississippi formally ratifies the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was officially ratified in 1865. 2001 - A series of bomb blasts that took place in the city of Shijiazhuang, China killed 108 people and injured 38 others, was the biggest mass murder in China in decades. 2003 - American activist Rachel Corrie is killed in Rafah trying to obstruct the demolition of a home by being run over by a bulldozer. 2005 - Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control. 2014 - Crimea votes in a controversial referendum to secede from Ukraine to join Russia. 2016 - A bomb detonates in a bus carrying government employees in Peshawar, Pakistan, killing 15 and injuring at least 54. 2016 - Two suicide bombers detonate their explosives at a mosque during morning prayer on the outskirts of Maiduguri, Nigeria, killing 22 and injuring 18. Births 1399 - The Xuande Emperor, ruler of Ming China 1445 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss priest and theologian 1465 - Kunigunde of Austria, Archduchess of Austria 1473 - Henry IV, Duke of Saxony 1559 - Amar Singh I, successor of Maharana Pratap of Mewar 1581 - Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch historian and poet 1585 - Gerbrand Bredero, Dutch poet and playwright 1590 - Ii Naotaka, Japanese daimyō 1596 - Ebba Brahe, Swedish countess 1609 - Michael Franck, German baker, teacher, poet, and composer 1609 - Agostino Mitelli, Italian painter 1621 - Georg Neumark, German poet and composer 1631 - René Le Bossu, French critic 1638 - François Crépieul, Jesuit missionary 1654 - Andreas Acoluthus, German scholar 1670 - François de Franquetot de Coigny, French general 1673 - Jean Bouhier, French jurist and scholar 1687 - Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, queen consort of Frederick William I 1693 - Malhar Rao Holkar, Indian nobleman 1701 - Daniel Lorenz Salthenius, Swedish theologian 1729 - Maria Louise Albertine 1741 - Carlo Amoretti, Italian scientist 1744 - Nicolas-Germain Léonard, French poet and novelist 1750 - Caroline Herschel, German-English astronomer 1751 - James Madison, American academic and politician, 4th President of the United States 1753 - François Amédée Doppet, French general 1760 - Johann Heinrich Meyer, Swiss painter and writer 1766 - Jean-Frédéric Waldeck, French antiquarian, cartographer, artist and explorer 1771 - Antoine-Jean Gros, French painter 1773 - Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentinian general and politician, 6th Governor of Buenos Aires Province 1774 - Matthew Flinders, English navigator and cartographer 1789 - Francis Rawdon Chesney, English general and explorer 1789 - Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician 1794 - Ami Boué, Austrian geologist and ethnographer 1797 - Alaric Alexander Watts, English poet and journalist 1799 - Anna Atkins, English botanist and photographer 1800 - Emperor Ninkō of Japan 1805 - Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philologist and politician 1806 - Félix De Vigne, Belgian painter 1808 - Hannah T. King, British-born American writer and pioneer 1813 - Gaëtan de Rochebouët, French prime minister 1819 - José Paranhos, Brazilian politician 1820 - Enrico Tamberlik, Italian tenor 1821 - Eduard Heine, German mathematician and academic 1822 - Rosa Bonheur, French painter and sculptor 1822 - John Pope, American general 1823 - William Henry Monk, English organist and composer 1825 - Camilo Castelo Branco, Portuguese writer 1828 - Émile Deshayes de Marcère, French politician 1834 - James Hector, Scottish geologist and surgeon 1836 - Andrew Smith Hallidie, English-American engineer and businessman 1839 - Sully Prudhomme, French poet and critic, Nobel Prize laureate 1839 - John Butler Yeats, Irish painter 1840 - Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese businessman 1840 - Georg von der Gabelentz, German linguist and sinologist 1845 - Umegatani Tōtarō I, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 15th Yokozuna 1846 - Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician and academic 1846 - Rebecca Cole, American physician and social reformer 1846 - Jurgis Bielinis, Lithuanian book smuggler 1848 - Axel Heiberg, Norwegian financier and diplomat 1851 - Otto Bardenhewer, German patrologist 1851 - Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist 1856 - Napoléon, Prince Imperial of France 1857 - Charles Harding Firth, English historian and academic 1859 - Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist and academic 1865 - Patsy Donovan, Irish-American baseball player and manager 1869 - Willy Burmester, German violinist 1871 - Hans Merensky, South African geologist and philanthropist 1871 - Frantz Reichel, French rugby player and hurdler 1874 - Frédéric François-Marsal, French prime minister 1877 - Léo-Ernest Ouimet, Canadian director and producer 1878 - Clemens August Graf von Galen, German cardinal 1878 - Paul Jouve, French painter 1881 - Fannie Charles Dillon, American composer 1882 - James Lightbody, American runner 1883 - Ethel Anderson, Australian poet, author, and painter 1884 - Eric P. Kelly, American journalist and author 1885 - Giacomo Benvenuti, Italian composer and musicologist 1885 - Sydney Chaplin, English actor 1886 - Herbert Lindström, Swedish tug of war player 1887 - Emilio Lunghi, Italian runner 1887 - S. Stillman Berry, American marine zoologist 1889 - Reggie Walker, South African athlete 1892 - César Vallejo, Peruvian poet, playwright, and journalist 1895 - Ernest Labrousse, French historian 1897 - Antonio Donghi, Italian painter 1897 - Conrad Nagel, American actor 1900 - Cyril Hume, American novelist 1900 - Mencha Karnicheva, Macedonian revolutionary and assassin 1901 - Alexis Chantraine, Belgian footballer 1903 - Mike Mansfield, American politician and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to Japan 1906 - Francisco Ayala, Spanish sociologist, author, and translator 1906 - Maurice Turnbull, Welsh-English cricketer and rugby player 1906 - Henny Youngman, English-American violinist and comedian 1908 - René Daumal, French author and poet 1908 - Ernest Rogez, French water polo player 1908 - Robert Rossen, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1910 - Aladár Gerevich, Hungarian fencer 1910 - Iftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi, Indian-English cricketer and politician, 8th Nawab of Pataudi 1911 - Pierre Harmel, Belgian lawyer and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Belgium 1911 - Josef Mengele, German physician and captain 1911 - Philip Pavia, American painter and sculptor 1912 - Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States 1913 - Rémy Raffalli, French soldier 1915 - Kunihiko Kodaira, Japanese mathematician and academic 1916 - Mercedes McCambridge, American actress 1916 - Tsutomu Yamaguchi, Japanese engineer and businessman 1917 - Louis C. Wyman, American lawyer and politician 1917 - Laure Pillay, Mauritian lawyer and jurist 1917 - Mehrdad Pahlbod, Iranian politician 1918 - Aldo van Eyck, Dutch architect 1918 - Frederick Reines, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1920 - John Addison, English-American soldier and composer 1920 - Sid Fleischman, American author and screenwriter 1920 - Traudl Junge, German secretary 1920 - Leo McKern, Australian-English actor 1922 - Harding Lemay, American screenwriter and playwright 1923 - Heinz Wallberg, German conductor 1925 - Cornell Borchers, Lithuanian-German actress and singer 1925 - Mary Hinkson, American dancer and choreographer 1925 - Ervin Kassai, Hungarian basketball player and referee 1925 - Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist and engineer 1926 - Charles Goodell, American lawyer and politician 1926 - Jerry Lewis, American actor and comedian 1927 - Vladimir Komarov, Russian pilot, engineer, and astronaut 1927 - Daniel Patrick Moynihan, American sociologist and politician, 12th United States Ambassador to the United Nations 1927 - Olga San Juan, American actress and dancer 1928 - Wakanohana Kanji I, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 45th Yokozuna 1928 - Christa Ludwig, German soprano and actress 1929 - Betty Johnson, American singer 1929 - Tihomir Novakov, Serbian-American physicist and academic 1929 - Nadja Tiller, Austrian actress 1930 - Tommy Flanagan, American pianist and composer 1930 - Minoru Miki, Japanese composer 1931 - Augusto Boal, Brazilian theatre director, writer and politician 1931 - Alan Heyman, American-South Korean musicologist and composer 1931 - Anthony Kenny, English philosopher and academic 1931 - John Munro, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Canadian Minister of Labour 1932 - Don Blasingame, American baseball player and manager 1932 - Walter Cunningham, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut 1932 - Kurt Diemberger, Austrian mountaineer and author 1932 - Herbert Marx, Canadian politician 1933 - Keith Critchlow, English architect and academic, co-founded Temenos Academy 1933 - Sanford I. Weill, American banker, financier, and philanthropist 1934 - Jean Cournoyer, Canadian politician 1934 - Ray Hnatyshyn, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Governor General of Canada 1934 - Roger Norrington, English violinist and conductor 1935 - Teresa Berganza, Spanish soprano and actress 1935 - Pepe Cáceres, Colombian bullfighter 1936 - Raymond Vahan Damadian, Armenian-American inventor, invented the MRI 1936 - Fred Neil, American folk singer-songwriter and guitarist 1937 - David Frith, English historian, journalist, and author 1937 - Attilio Nicora, Italian cardinal 1937 - Amos Tversky, Israeli-American psychologist and academic 1938 - Carlos Bilardo, Argentinian footballer and manager 1939 - Yvon Côté, Canadian teacher 1940 - Bernardo Bertolucci, Italian director and screenwriter 1940 - Vagif Mustafazadeh, Azerbaijani pianist and composer 1940 - Jan Pronk, Dutch academic and politician, Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment 1940 - Keith Rowe, English guitarist 1941 - Robert Guéï, Ivorian soldier and politician, 3rd President of Côte d'Ivoire 1941 - Chuck Woolery, American game show host and television personality 1942 - Roger Crozier, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach 1942 - Gijs van Lennep, Dutch race car driver 1942 - Jean-Pierre Schosteck, French politician 1942 - James Soong, Chinese-Taiwanese politician, Governor of Taiwan Province 1942 - Jerry Jeff Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1943 - Ursula Goodenough, American biologist, zoologist, and author 1943 - Hans Heyer, German racing driver 1943 - Álvaro de Soto, Peruvian diplomat 1944 - Andrew S. Tanenbaum, American computer scientist and academic 1946 - Sigmund Groven, Norwegian harmonica player and composer 1946 - Mary Kaldor, English economist and academic 1946 - J. Z. Knight, American New Age teacher and author 1946 - Guesch Patti, French singer 1948 - Michael Owen Bruce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1948 - Richard Desjardins, Canadian singer-songwriter and director 1948 - Catherine Quéré, French politician 1949 - Erik Estrada, American actor 1949 - Victor Garber, Canadian actor and singer 1949 - Elliott Murphy, American-French singer-songwriter and journalist 1950 - Peter Forster, English bishop 1950 - Kate Nelligan, Canadian actress 1950 - Edhem Šljivo, Bosnian footballer 1951 - Ray Benson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1951 - Abdelmajid Bourebbou, Algerian footballer 1951 - Oddvar Brå, Norwegian skier 1951 - Joe DeLamielleure, American football player 1951 - Alexandre Gonzalez, French long-distance runner 1953 - Claus Peter Flor, German conductor 1953 - Isabelle Huppert, French actress 1953 - Rainer Knaak, German chess player 1953 - Richard Stallman, American computer scientist and programmer 1954 - David Heath, English politician 1954 - Jimmy Nail, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor 1954 - Tim O'Brien, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1954 - Dav Whatmore, Sri Lankan-Australian cricketer and coach 1954 - Nancy Wilson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actress 1955 - Svetlana Alexeeva, Russian ice dancer and coach 1955 - Rimantas Astrauskas, Lithuanian physicist 1955 - Bruno Barreto, Brazilian director, producer, and screenwriter 1955 - Linda Lepomme, Belgian actress and singer 1955 - Bob Ley, American sports anchor and reporter 1955 - Andy Scott, Canadian politician 1955 - Jiro Watanabe, Japanese boxer 1956 - Ozzie Newsome, American football player and manager 1956 - Clifton Powell, American actor, director, and producer 1956 - Yoriko Shono, Japanese writer 1956 - Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, Swiss lawyer and politician 1958 - Phillip Wilcher, Australian pianist and composer 1958 - Kate Worley, American author 1958 - Jorge Ramos, Mexican-American journalist and author 1959 - Michael J. Bloomfield, American astronaut 1959 - Sebastian Currier, American composer and educator 1959 - Greg Dyer, Australian cricketer 1959 - Flavor Flav, American rapper and actor 1959 - Charles Hudson, American baseball player 1959 - Steve Marker, American musician 1959 - Jens Stoltenberg, Norwegian economist and politician, 27th Prime Minister of Norway, 13th Secretary General of NATO 1960 - John Hemming, English businessman and politician 1960 - Duane Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1960 - Jenny Eclair, English comedian, actress and screenwriter 1961 - Brett Kenny, Australian rugby league player and coach 1961 - Todd McFarlane, Canadian author, illustrator, and businessman, founded McFarlane Toys 1962 - Franck Fréon, French race car driver 1962 - Liliane Gaschet, French athlete 1963 - Jerome Flynn, English actor and singer 1963 - Kevin Smith, New Zealand actor and singer 1964 - Patty Griffin, American singer-songwriter 1964 - Jaclyn Jose, Filipino actress 1964 - Pascal Richard, Swiss racing cyclist 1964 - Gore Verbinski, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1965 - Steve Armstrong, American wrestler 1965 - Cindy Brown, American basketball player 1965 - Mark Carney, Canadian-English economist and banker 1965 - Cristiana Reali, Italian-Brazilian actress 1966 - Chrissy Redden, Canadian cross-country cyclist 1967 - Tracy Bonham, American singer and violinist 1967 - John Darnielle, American musician and novelist 1967 - Lauren Graham, American actress and producer 1967 - Ronnie McCoury, American bluegrass mandolin player, singer and songwriter 1967 - Heidi Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier 1968 - Trevor Wilson, American basketball player and police officer 1969 - Judah Friedlander, American comedian and actor 1969 - Ottis Gibson, Barbadian cricketer and coach 1969 - Alina Ivanova, Russian athlete 1969 - Evangelos Koronios, Greek basketball player and coach 1970 - Joakim Berg, Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist 1971 - Franck Comba, French rugby player 1971 - Alan Tudyk, American actor 1972 - Ismaïl Sghyr, French-Moroccan long-distance runner 1973 - Andrey Mizurov, Kazakhstani road bicycle racer 1973 - Vonda Ward, American boxer 1974 - Georgios Anatolakis, Greek footballer and politician 1974 - Anne Charrier, French actress 1974 - Heath Streak, Zimbabwean cricketer 1975 - Luciano Castro, Argentine actor 1975 - Sienna Guillory, English model and actress 1975 - Lionel Torres, French archer 1976 - Blu Cantrell, American singer-songwriter and producer 1976 - Leila Lejeune, French handballer 1976 - Susanne Ljungskog, Swedish cyclist 1976 - Abraham Núñez, Dominican baseball player 1976 - Zhu Chen, Qatari chess Grandmaster 1977 - Mónica Cruz, Spanish actress and dancer 1977 - Thomas Rupprath, German swimmer 1978 - Brooke Burns, American fashion model and actress 1978 - Annett Renneberg, German actress and singer 1979 - Christina Liebherr, Swiss equestrian 1979 - Rashad Moore, American football player 1979 - Sébastien Ostertag, French handball player 1979 - Leena Peisa, Finnish keyboard player and songwriter 1979 - Andrei Stepanov, Estonian footballer 1980 - Todd Heap, American football player 1980 - Felipe Reyes, Spanish basketball player 1981 - Andrew Bree, Irish swimmer 1981 - Curtis Granderson, American baseball player 1981 - Julien Mazet, French road bicycle racer 1981 - Fabiana Murer, Brazilian pole vaulter 1982 - Miguel Comminges, Guadeloupean footballer 1982 - Riley Cote, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1982 - Jesús Del Nero, Spanish road bicycle racer 1982 - Brian Wilson, American baseball player 1983 - Stephen Drew, American baseball player 1983 - Brandon League, American baseball player 1983 - Nicolas Rousseau, French road bicycle racer 1983 - Tramon Williams, American football player 1984 - Levi Brown, American football player 1984 - Aisling Bea, Irish comedienne and actress 1984 - Sharon Cherop, Kenyan long-distance runner 1984 - Michael Ennis, Australian rugby player 1984 - Hosea Gear, New Zealand rugby player 1984 - Brandon Prust, Canadian ice hockey player 1985 - Teddy Atine-Venel, French athlete 1985 - Eddy Lover, Panamanian singer-songwriter 1985 - Aleksei Sokirskiy, Russian hammer thrower 1986 - Alexandra Daddario, American actress 1986 - Toney Douglas, American basketball player 1986 - Kenny Dykstra, American wrestler 1986 - T. J. Jordan, American basketball player 1986 - Boaz Solossa, Indonesian footballer 1986 - Daisuke Takahashi, Japanese figure skater 1987 - Fabien Lemoine, French football player 1988 - Jessica Gregg, Canadian speed skater 1988 - Patrick Herrmann, German footballer 1989 - Blake Griffin, American basketball player 1989 - Jung So-min, South Korean actress 1989 - Magalie Pottier, French racing cyclist 1989 - Theo Walcott, English footballer 1990 - Andre Young, American basketball player 1991 - Reggie Bullock, American basketball player 1991 - Wolfgang Van Halen, American bassist 1993 - George Ford, English rugby union player 1993 - Marine Lorphelin, Miss France 1994 - Joel Embiid, Cameroonian basketball player 1995 - Inga Janulevičiūtė, Lithuanian figure skater 1997 - Florian Neuhaus, German football player Deaths AD 37 - Tiberius, Roman emperor 455 - Valentinian III, Roman emperor 455 - Heraclius, Roman courtier 842 - Xiao Mian, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty 933 - Takin al-Khazari, Egyptian commander and politician, Abbasid Governor of Egypt 943 - Pi Guangye, Chinese official and chancellor 1021 - Heribert of Cologne, German archbishop and saint 1072 - Adalbert of Hamburg, German archbishop 1181 - Henry I, Count of Champagne 1185 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem 1279 - Jeanne of Dammartin, Queen consort of Castile and León 1322 - Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, English general and politician, Lord High Constable of England 1405 - Margaret III, Countess of Flanders 1410 - John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, French-English admiral and politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1457 - Ladislaus Hunyadi, Hungarian politician 1485 - Anne Neville, queen of Richard III of England 1559 - Anthony St. Leger, English-Irish politician Lord Deputy of Ireland 1649 - Jean de Brébeuf, French-Canadian missionary and saint 1679 - John Leverett, English general and politician, 19th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 1721 - James Craggs the Elder, English politician, Postmaster General of the United Kingdom 1736 - Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian organist and composer 1737 - Benjamin Wadsworth, American minister and academic 1738 - George Bähr, German architect, designed the Dresden Frauenkirche 1747 - Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst 1838 - Nathaniel Bowditch, American captain and mathematician 1841 - Félix Savart, French physicist and psychologist 1868 - David Wilmot, American politician, sponsor of Wilmot Proviso 1884 - Art Croft, American baseball player 1888 - Hippolyte Carnot, French politician 1892 - Samuel F. Miller, American lawyer and politician 1898 - Aubrey Beardsley, English author and illustrator 1899 - Joseph Medill, American journalist and politician, 26th Mayor of Chicago 1903 - Roy Bean, American lawyer and judge 1907 - John O'Leary, Irish politician 1912 - Max Burckhard, Austrian theater director 1914 - Gaston Calmette, French journalist 1914 - Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss lawyer and politician, Nobel Prize laureate 1914 - John Murray, Scottish oceanographer, biologist, and limnologist 1925 - August von Wassermann, German bacteriologist and hygienist 1930 - Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain 1935 - John James Rickard Macleod, Scottish physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate 1935 - Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian-Danish chess player 1936 - Marguerite Durand, French actress, journalist, and activist 1937 - Alexander von Staël-Holstein, Estonian orientalist and sinologist 1940 - Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1945 - Börries von Münchhausen, German poet 1955 - Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter and illustrator 1957 - Constantin Brâncuși, Romanian-French sculptor, painter, and photographer 1958 - Leon Cadore, American baseball player 1961 - Chen Geng, Chinese general and politician 1961 - Václav Talich, Czech violinist and conductor 1963 - Laura Adams Armer, American author and photographer 1965 - Alice Herz, German activist 1967 - Thomas MacGreevy, Irish poet 1968 - Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian-American pianist and composer 1968 - Gunnar Ekelöf, Swedish poet and translator 1970 - Tammi Terrell, American singer 1971 - Bebe Daniels, American actress 1971 - Thomas E. Dewey, American lawyer and politician, 47th Governor of New York 1972 - Pie Traynor, American baseball player 1975 - T-Bone Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1977 - Kamal Jumblatt, Lebanese lawyer and politician 1979 - Jean Monnet, French economist and politician 1980 - Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-American painter 1983 - Arthur Godfrey, American actor and television host 1983 - Fred Rose, Polish-Canadian politician 1985 - Roger Sessions, American composer, critic, and educator 1985 - Eddie Shore, Canadian-American ice hockey player 1988 - Jigger Statz, American baseball player 1988 - Mickey Thompson, American race car driver 1990 - Ernst Bacon, American pianist, composer, and conductor 1991 - Chris Austin, American country singer 1991 - Jean Bellette, Australian artist 1992 - Yves Rocard, French physicist and engineer 1994 - Eric Show, American baseball player 1998 - Derek Barton, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1998 - Esther Bubley, American photographer 1999 - Gratien Gélinas, Canadian actor, director, and playwright 2000 - Thomas Ferebee, American colonel and pilot 2000 - Pavel Prudnikau, Belarusian poet and author 2000 - Michael Starr, Canadian judge and politician, 16th Canadian Minister of Labour 2000 - Carlos Velázquez, Puerto Rican pitcher 2001 - Bob Wollek, French race car driver 2003 - Rachel Corrie, American activist 2003 - Ronald Ferguson, English captain, polo player, and manager 2004 - Vilém Tauský, Czech conductor and composer 2005 - Todd Bell, American football player 2005 - Ralph Erskine, English architect, designed The London Ark 2005 - Dick Radatz, American baseball player 2007 - Manjural Islam Rana, Bangladeshi cricketer 2008 - Bill Brown, Australian cricketer and soldier 2008 - Ivan Dixon, American actor, director, and producer 2008 - Gary Hart, American wrestler and manager 2010 - Ksenija Pajčin, Serbian singer, dancer and model 2011 - Richard Wirthlin, American religious leader 2012 - Donald E. Hillman, American colonel and pilot 2012 - Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, philosopher, and critic 2013 - Jamal Nazrul Islam, Bangladeshi physicist and cosmologist 2013 - José Alfredo Martínez de Hoz, Argentinian economist and politician, Minister of Economy of Argentina 2013 - Yadier Pedroso, Cuban pitcher 2013 - Ruchoma Shain, American-born teacher and author 2013 - Marina Solodkin, Russian-Israeli academic and politician 2013 - Frank Thornton, English actor 2014 - Gary Bettenhausen, American race car driver 2014 - Donald Crothers, American chemist and academic 2014 - Yulisa Pat Amadu Maddy, Sierra Leonean author, poet, and playwright 2014 - Steve Moore, English author and illustrator 2014 - Alexander Pochinok, Russian economist and politician 2015 - Jack Haley, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster 2015 - Don Robertson, American pianist and composer 2016 - Alexander Esenin-Volpin, Russian-American mathematician and poet 2016 - Frank Sinatra Jr., American singer and actor 2017 - Lewis Rowland, American neurologist 2018 - Louise Slaughter, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York 2019 - Dick Dale, American surf-rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Abbán *Finian Lobhar *Heribert of Cologne *Hilarius of Aquileia *Julian of Antioch *March 16 Day of the Book Smugglers Remembrance day of the Latvian legionnaires Saint Urho's Day Austin 3:16 Day
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