February 13 Events
951 - Guo Wei, a court official, leads a military coup and declares himself emperor of the new Later Zhou. 962 - Emperor Otto I and Pope John XII co-sign the Diploma Ottonianum, recognizing John as ruler of Rome. 1322 - The central tower of Ely Cathedral falls on the night of 12th-13th. 1462 - The Treaty of Westminster is finalised between Edward IV of England and the Scottish Lord of the Isles. 1503 - Challenge of Barletta: Tournament between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta. 1542 - Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery. 1633 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. 1660 - With the accession of young Charles XI of Sweden, his regents begin negotiations to end the Second Northern War. 1689 - William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England. 1692 - Massacre of Glencoe: Almost 80 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange. 1726 - Parliament of Negrete between Mapuche and Spanish authorities in Chile bring an end to the Mapuche uprising of 1723–26. 1755 - Treaty of Giyanti signed by VOC, Pakubuwono III and Prince Mangkubumi. The treaty divides the Javanese kingdom of Mataram into 2: Sunanate of Surakarta and Sultanate of Yogyakarta. 1849 - The delegation headed by Metropolitan bishop Andrei Șaguna hands out to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria the General Petition of Romanian leaders in , which demands that the Transylvania, Banat and Bukovina Romanian nation be recognized. 1861 - Italian unification: The Siege of Gaeta ends with the capitulation of the defending fortress, effectively bringing an end of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. 1867 - Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards. 1880 - Thomas Edison observes Thermionic emission. 1913 - The 13th Dalai Lama proclaims Tibetan independence following a period of domination by Manchu Qing dynasty and initiated a period of almost four decades of independence. 1914 - Copyright: In New York City the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members. 1920 - The Negro National League is formed. 1931 - The British Raj completes its transfer from Calcutta to New Delhi. 1935 - A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh. 1945 - World War II: The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army. 1945 - World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment. 1951 - Korean War: Battle of Chipyong-ni, which represented the "high-water mark" of the Chinese incursion into South Korea, commences. 1954 - Frank Selvy becomes the only NCAA Division I basketball player ever to score 100 points in a single game. 1955 - Israel obtains four of the seven Dead Sea Scrolls. 1960 - With the success of a nuclear test codenamed "Gerboise Bleue", France becomes the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons. 1960 - Black college students stage the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee. 1961 - An allegedly 500,000-year-old rock is discovered near Olancha, California, US, that appears to anachronistically encase a spark plug. 1967 - American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain. 1975 - Fire at One World Trade Center of the World Trade Center in New York. 1978 - Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman. 1979 - An intense windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a -mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge. 1981 - A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky. 1983 - A cinema fire in Turin, Italy, kills 64 people. 1984 - Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. 1990 - German reunification: An agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany. 1991 - Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad. Allied forces said the bunker was being used as a military communications outpost, but over 400 Iraqi civilians inside were killed. 1996 - The Nepalese Civil War is initiated in the Kingdom of Nepal by the Communist Party of Nepal. 1999 - The last hockey game is played in Maple Leaf Gardens: the Toronto Maple Leafs lose 6–2 to the Chicago Blackhawks. 2001 - An earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter magnitude scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 944. 2004 - The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announces the discovery of the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093. Astronomers named this star "Lucy" after The Beatles' song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds". 2007 - Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election. 2008 - Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations. 2010 - A bomb explodes in the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India, killing 17 and injuring 60 more. 2011 - For the first time in more than 100 years the Umatilla, an American Indian tribe, are able to hunt and harvest a bison just outside Yellowstone National Park, restoring a centuries-old tradition guaranteed by a treaty signed in 1855. 2012 - The European Space Agency conducted the first launch of the European Vega rocket from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana. 2017 - Kim Jong-nam, brother of North Korean dictator Kim Jong-Un, is assassinated at Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Births 1440 - Hartmann Schedel, German physician 1457 - Mary of Burgundy, Sovereign Duchess regnant of Burgundy, married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor 1469 - Elia Levita, Renaissance Hebrew grammarian 1480 - Girolamo Aleandro, Italian cardinal 1523 - Valentin Naboth, German astronomer and mathematician 1539 - Elisabeth of Hesse, Electress Palatine 1569 - Johann Reinhard I, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg 1599 - Pope Alexander VII 1602 - William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 1672 - Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist 1683 - Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian painter 1719 - George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney, English admiral and politician 1721 - John Reid, Scottish general 1728 - John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and anatomist 1766 - Thomas Robert Malthus, English economist and scholar 1768 - Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French general and politician, 15th Prime Minister of France 1769 - Ivan Krylov, Russian author, poet, and playwright 1805 - Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, German mathematician and academic 1811 - François Achille Bazaine, French general 1815 - Rufus Wilmot Griswold, American anthologist, editor, poet and critic 1831 - John Aaron Rawlins, American general and politician, 29th United States Secretary of War 1834 - Heinrich Caro, Sephardic Jewish Polish-German chemist and academic 1835 - Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indian religious leader 1849 - Lord Randolph Churchill, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1855 - Paul Deschanel, Belgian-French politician, 11th President of France 1863 - Hugo Becker, German cellist and composer 1867 - Harold Mahony, Scottish-Irish tennis player 1870 - Leopold Godowsky, Polish-American pianist and composer 1873 - Feodor Chaliapin, Russian opera singer 1876 - Fritz Buelow, German-American baseball player and umpire 1879 - Sarojini Naidu, Indian poet and activist 1880 - Dimitrie Gusti, Romanian sociologist, ethnologist, historian, and philosopher 1881 - Eleanor Farjeon, Jewish-English author, poet, and playwright 1883 - Hal Chase, American baseball player and manager 1883 - Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Russian-Armenian actor and director 1884 - Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American pole vaulter and businessman, founded the A. C. Gilbert Company 1885 - Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 35th First Lady of the United States 1887 - Géza Csáth, Hungarian playwright and critic 1888 - Georgios Papandreou, Greek lawyer, economist, and politician, 162nd Prime Minister of Greece 1889 - Leontine Sagan, Austrian actress and director 1891 - Kate Roberts, Welsh author and activist 1891 - Grant Wood, American painter and academic 1892 - Robert H. Jackson, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 57th United States Attorney General 1898 - Hubert Ashton, English cricketer and politician 1900 - Barbara von Annenkoff, Russian-born German film and stage actress 1901 - Paul Lazarsfeld, Austrian-American sociologist and academic 1902 - Harold Lasswell, American political scientist and theorist 1903 - Georgy Beriev, Georgian-Russian engineer, founded the Beriev Aircraft Company 1903 - Georges Simenon, Belgian-Swiss author 1906 - Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher and author 1907 - Katy de la Cruz, Filipino-American singer and actress 1910 - William Shockley, English-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1911 - Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Indian-Pakistani poet and journalist 1911 - Jean Muir, American actress and educator 1912 - Harald Riipalu, Russian-Estonian commander 1912 - Margaretta Scott, English actress 1913 - Khalid of Saudi Arabia 1915 - Lyle Bettger, American actor 1915 - Aung San, Burmese general and politician, 5th Premier of British Crown Colony of Burma 1916 - Dorothy Bliss, American invertebrate zoologist 1919 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer and actor 1919 - Eddie Robinson, American football player and coach 1920 - Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter 1920 - Eileen Farrell, American soprano and educator 1921 - Jeanne Demessieux, French pianist and composer 1921 - Aung Khin, Burmese painter 1922 - Francis Pym, Baron Pym, Welsh soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs 1922 - Gordon Tullock, American economist and academic 1923 - Michael Anthony Bilandic, American soldier, judge, and politician, 49th Mayor of Chicago 1923 - Chuck Yeager, American general and pilot; first test pilot to break the sound barrier 1924 - Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist and politician 1926 - Fay Ajzenberg-Selove, American nuclear physicist 1928 - Gerald Regan, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Premier of Nova Scotia 1929 - Omar Torrijos, Panamanian commander and politician, Military Leader of Panama 1930 - Ernst Fuchs, Austrian painter, sculptor, and illustrator 1930 - Israel Kirzner, English-American economist, author, and academic 1932 - Susan Oliver, American actress 1933 - Paul Biya, Cameroon politician, 2nd President of Cameroon 1933 - Kim Novak, American actress 1933 - Emanuel Ungaro, French fashion designer 1934 - George Segal, American actor 1937 - Ali El-Maak, Sudanese author and academic 1937 - Angelo Mosca, American-Canadian football player and wrestler 1938 - Oliver Reed, English actor 1940 - Bram Peper, Dutch sociologist and politician, Mayor of Rotterdam 1941 - Sigmar Polke, German painter and photographer 1941 - Bo Svenson, Swedish-American actor, director, and producer 1942 - Carol Lynley, American model and actress 1942 - Peter Tork, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and actor 1942 - Donald E. Williams, American captain, pilot, and astronaut 1943 - Elaine Pagels, American theologian and academic 1944 - Stockard Channing, American actress 1944 - Jerry Springer, English-American television host, actor, and politician, 56th Mayor of Cincinnati 1945 - Marian Dawkins, English biologist and academic 1945 - King Floyd, American singer-songwriter 1945 - Simon Schama, English historian and author 1945 - William Sleator, American author and composer 1946 - Richard Blumenthal, American sergeant and politician, 23rd Attorney General of Connecticut 1946 - Janet Finch, English sociologist and academic 1946 - Colin Matthews, English composer and educator 1947 - Stephen Hadley, American soldier and diplomat, 21st United States National Security Advisor 1947 - Mike Krzyzewski, American basketball player and coach 1947 - Bogdan Tanjević, Montenegrin-Bosnian professional basketball coach 1947 - Kevin Bloody Wilson, Australian comedian, singer-songwriter, and guitarist 1949 - Peter Kern, Austrian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1950 - Vera Baird, English lawyer and politician 1950 - Peter Gabriel, English singer-songwriter and musician 1952 - Ed Gagliardi, American bass player 1953 - Akio Sato, Japanese wrestler and manager 1954 - Donnie Moore, American baseball player 1955 - Joe Birkett, American lawyer, judge, and politician 1956 - Peter Hook, English singer, songwriter, bass player, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer 1957 - Denise Austin, American fitness trainer and author 1958 - Pernilla August, Swedish actress 1958 - Marc Emery, Canadian publisher and activist 1958 - Jean-François Lisée, Canadian journalist and politician 1958 - Derek Riggs, English painter and illustrator 1958 - Øivind Elgenes, Norwegian vocalist, guitarist and composer 1959 - Gaston Gingras, Canadian ice hockey player 1960 - Pierluigi Collina, Italian footballer and referee 1960 - John Healey, English journalist and politician 1960 - Gary Patterson, American football player and coach 1960 - Artur Yusupov, Russian-German chess player and author 1961 - Marc Crawford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1961 - cEvin Key, Canadian singer-songwriter, drummer, keyboard player, and producer 1961 - Henry Rollins, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor 1962 - Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, Puerto Rican lawyer and politician 1962 - Baby Doll, American wrestler and manager 1962 - Michele Greene, American actress 1964 - Stephen Bowen, American engineer, captain, and astronaut 1964 - Ylva Johansson, Swedish educator and politician, Swedish Minister of Employment 1965 - Peter O'Neill, Papua New Guinean accountant and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea 1966 - Neal McDonough, American actor and producer 1966 - Jeff Waters, Canadian guitarist, songwriter, and producer 1966 - Freedom Williams, American rapper and singer 1967 - Stanimir Stoilov, Bulgarian footballer and coach 1968 - Kelly Hu, American actress 1969 - Joyce DiDonato, American soprano and actress 1970 - Karoline Krüger, Norwegian singer-songwriter and pianist 1971 - Sonia Evans, English singer-songwriter 1971 - Mats Sundin, Swedish ice hockey player 1971 - Todd Williams, American baseball player 1972 - Virgilijus Alekna, Lithuanian discus thrower 1972 - Charlie Garner, American football player 1974 - Fonzworth Bentley, American rapper and actor 1974 - Robbie Williams, English singer-songwriter 1975 - Ben Collins, English race car driver 1975 - Katie Hopkins, English media personality and columnist 1976 - Jörg Bergmeister, German race car driver 1976 - Shannon Nevin, Australian rugby league player 1977 - Randy Moss, American football player and coach 1978 - Niklas Bäckström, Finnish ice hockey player 1978 - Philippe Jaroussky, French countertenor 1979 - Anders Behring Breivik, Norwegian murderer 1979 - Rafael Márquez, Mexican footballer 1979 - Rachel Reeves, English economist and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions 1979 - Mena Suvari, American actress and fashion designer 1980 - Carlos Cotto, Puerto Rican-American wrestler and boxer 1981 - Luisão, Brazilian footballer 1982 - Even Helte Hermansen, Norwegian guitarist and composer 1982 - Michael Turner, American football player 1983 - Mike Nickeas, Canadian baseball player 1983 - Anna Watkins, English rower 1984 - Hinkelien Schreuder, Dutch swimmer 1985 - Kwak Ji-min, South Korean actress 1986 - Luke Moore, English footballer 1986 - Aqib Talib, American football player 1987 - Eljero Elia, Dutch footballer 1988 - Ryan Goins, American baseball player 1988 - Eddy Pettybourne, New Zealand-Samoan rugby league player 1989 - Rodrigo Possebon, Brazilian footballer 1991 - Eliaquim Mangala, French footballer 1991 - Junior Roqica, Australian-Fijian rugby league player 1991 - Vianney, French singer 1994 - Memphis Depay, Dutch footballer Deaths 106 - Emperor He of Han of the Chinese Eastern Han Dynasty 721 - Chilperic II, Frankish king 858 - Kenneth MacAlpin, Scottish king 921 - Vratislaus I, duke of Bohemia 936 - Xiao Wen, empress of the Liao Dynasty 942 - Muhammad ibn Ra'iq, Abbasid emir and regent 988 - Adalbert Atto, Lombard nobleman 1021 - Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, Fatimid caliph 1130 - Honorius II, pope of the Catholic Church 1141 - Béla II, king of Hungary and Croatia 1199 - Stefan Nemanja, Serbian grand prince 1219 - Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shōgun 1332 - Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor 1351 - Kō no Morofuyu, Japanese general 1539 - Isabella d'Este, Italian noblewoman 1542 - Catherine Howard, English wife of Henry VIII of England 1571 - Benvenuto Cellini, Italian painter and sculptor 1585 - Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish priest and scholar 1602 - Alexander Nowell, English clergyman and theologian 1660 - Charles X Gustav, king of Sweden 1662 - Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia 1693 - Johann Caspar Kerll, German organist and composer 1727 - William Wotton, English linguist and scholar 1728 - Cotton Mather, American minister and author 1732 - Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian and author 1741 - Johann Joseph Fux, Austrian composer and theorist 1787 - Roger Joseph Boscovich, Croatian physicist, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher 1787 - Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French lawyer and politician, Foreign Minister of France 1813 - Samuel Ashe, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of North Carolina 1818 - George Rogers Clark, American general 1826 - Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Russian general and politician, Governor-General of Baltic provinces 1831 - Edward Berry, English admiral 1837 - Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and author 1845 - Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher and poet 1877 - Costache Caragiale, Romanian actor and manager 1883 - Richard Wagner, German composer 1888 - Jean-Baptiste Lamy, French-American archbishop 1892 - Provo Wallis, Canadian-English admiral 1893 - Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Mexican intellectual and journalist 1905 - Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter 1906 - Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter 1934 - József Pusztai, Slovene-Hungarian poet and journalist 1942 - Otakar Batlička, Czech journalist 1942 - Epitácio Pessoa, Brazilian lawyer, judge, and politician, 11th President of Brazil 1950 - Rafael Sabatini, Italian-English novelist and short story writer 1951 - Lloyd C. Douglas, American minister and author 1952 - Josephine Tey, Scottish author and playwright 1954 - Agnes Macphail, Canadian educator and politician 1956 - Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish mathematician and philosopher 1958 - Christabel Pankhurst, English activist, co-founded the Women's Social and Political Union 1958 - Georges Rouault, French painter and illustrator 1964 - Paulino Alcántara, Filipino-Spanish footballer and manager 1964 - Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist and academic 1967 - Yoshisuke Aikawa, entrepreneur, businessman, and politician, founded Nissan Motor Company 1967 - Abelardo L. Rodríguez, substitute president of Mexico 1968 - Mae Marsh, American actress 1968 - Portia White, Canadian opera singer 1973 - Marinus Jan Granpré Molière, Dutch architect and educator 1975 - André Beaufre, French general 1976 - Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian general and politician, 4th President of Nigeria 1976 - Lily Pons, French-American soprano and actress 1980 - David Janssen, American actor 1984 - Cheong Eak Chong, Singaporean entrepreneur 1986 - Yuri Ivask, Russian-American poet and critic 1989 - Wayne Hays, American lieutenant and politician 1991 - Arno Breker, German sculptor and illustrator 1992 - Nikolay Bogolyubov, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and physicist 1996 - Martin Balsam, American actor 1997 - Robert Klark Graham, American eugenicist and businessman 1997 - Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician and academic 2000 - Anders Aalborg, Canadian educator and politician 2000 - James Cooke Brown, American sociologist and author 2000 - John Leake, English soldier 2002 - Waylon Jennings, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 2003 - Kid Gavilán, Cuban-American boxer 2003 - Walt Whitman Rostow, American economist; 7th United States National Security Advisor 2004 - François Tavenas, Canadian engineer and academic 2004 - Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, Chechen politician, 2nd President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria 2005 - Nelson Briles, American baseball player and sportscaster 2005 - Lúcia Santos, Portuguese nun 2006 - P. F. Strawson, English philosopher and author 2007 - Elizabeth Jolley, English-Australian author and academic 2007 - Charlie Norwood, American captain and politician 2007 - Richard Gordon Wakeford, English air marshal 2008 - Kon Ichikawa, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter 2009 - Edward Upward, English author and educator 2010 - Lucille Clifton, American poet and academic 2010 - Dale Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 2012 - Russell Arms, American actor and singer 2012 - Louise Cochrane, American-English screenwriter and producer 2012 - Daniel C. Gerould, American playwright and academic 2013 - Gerry Day, American journalist and screenwriter 2013 - Miles J. Jones, American pathologist and physician 2013 - Pieter Kooijmans, Dutch judge and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs for The Netherlands 2013 - Andrée Malebranche, Haitian artist 2013 - Yuko Tojo, Japanese activist and politician 2014 - Balu Mahendra, Sri Lankan-Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter 2014 - Richard Møller Nielsen, Danish footballer and manager 2014 - Ralph Waite, American actor and activist 2015 - Faith Bandler, Australian activist and author 2015 - Stan Chambers, American journalist and actor 2016 - O. N. V. Kurup, Indian poet and academic 2016 - Antonin Scalia, American lawyer and judge, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States 2017 - Ricardo Arias Calderón, Panamanian politician, Vice President 2017 - Aileen Hernandez, American union organizer and activist 2017 - Seijun Suzuki, Japanese filmmaker 2017 - Kim Jong-nam, North Korean politician 2017 - E-Dubble, American rapper 2018 - Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark, French-born Danish royal Holidays and observances Children's Day Christian feast day: *Absalom Jones *Beatrice of Ornacieux *Castor of Karden *Catherine of Ricci *Ermenilda of Ely *Fulcran *Jordan of Saxony *Polyeuctus *February 13 World Radio Day
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