October 10 Events
680 - The Battle of Karbala was fought. 732 - Charles Martel's forces defeat an Umayyad army near Tours, France. 1471 - Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with the help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by King Christian I of Denmark. 1575 - Roman Catholic forces under Henry I, Duke of Guise defeat the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others. 1580 - Over 600 Papal troops land in Ireland to support the Second Desmond Rebellion. 1631 - Thirty Years' War: An army of the Electorate of Saxony seizes Prague. 1760 - In a treaty with the Dutch colonial authorities, the Ndyuka people of Suriname - descended from escaped slaves - gain territorial autonomy. 1780 - The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000–30,000 in the Caribbean. 1814 - War of 1812: The United States Revenue Marine attempts to defend the cutter Eagle from the Royal Navy. 1845 - In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School opens with 50 students. 1846 - Triton, the largest moon of the planet Neptune, is discovered by English astronomer William Lassell. 1868 - The Ten Years' War begins against Spanish rule in Cuba. 1871 - Chicago burns after a barn accident. The fire lasts from October 8–10. 1903 - The Women's Social and Political Union is founded in support of the enfranchisement of British women. 1911 - The day after a bomb explodes prematurely, the Wuchang Uprising begins against the Chinese monarchy. 1913 - U.S. President Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, completing major construction on the Panama Canal. 1918 - RMS Leinster is torpedoed and sunk by UB-123, killing 564, the worst-ever on the Irish Sea. 1920 - The Carinthian plebiscite determines that the larger part of the Duchy of Carinthia should remain part of Austria. 1928 - Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China. 1933 - A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation. 1935 - In Greece, a coup d'état ends the Second Hellenic Republic. 1938 - Abiding by the Munich Agreement, Czechoslovakia completes its withdrawal from the Sudetenland. 1945 - The Double Tenth Agreement is signed by the Communist Party and the Kuomintang about the future of China. 1954 - The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Muscat, Neil Innes, sends a signal to the Sultanate's forces, accompanied with oil explorers, to penetrate Fahud, marking the beginning of Jebel Akhdar War between the Imamate of Oman and the Sultanate of Muscat. 1957 - U.S. President Eisenhower apologizes to Ghanaian finance minister Gbedemah after he is refused service in a Delaware restaurant. 1957 - The Windscale fire results in Britain's worst nuclear accident. 1963 - France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia. 1963 - The Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty comes into effect. 1964 - The Tokyo Summer Olympics opening ceremony is the first to be relayed live by satellites. 1966 - The Beach Boys release one of their biggest singles, ranked the 6th greatest song by Rolling Stone, "Good Vibrations". 1967 - The Outer Space Treaty comes into force. 1970 - Fiji becomes independent. 1970 - Canada's October Crisis escalates when Quebec's vice-premier is kidnapped by members of the FLQ. 1973 - U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax. 1975 - Papua New Guinea joins the United Nations. 1980 - The 7.1 El Asnam earthquake shakes northern Algeria, killing 2,633 and injuring 8,369. 1980 - The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front is founded in El Salvador. 1985 - US Navy aircraft intercept an Egyptian airliner carrying the perpetrators of the Achille Lauro hijacking, and force it to land in Italy. 1986 - A 5.7 San Salvador earthquake shakes El Salvador, killing 1,500. 1997 - Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 2553 crashes and explodes in Uruguay, killing 74. 1998 - A Lignes Aériennes Congolaises jetliner is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 41 people. 2007 - Team Fortress 2 is released by Valve Corporation 2009 - Armenia and Turkey sign the Zurich Protocols, intended to normalize relations. However, they are never ratified by either side. 2010 - The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved as a country. 2015 - Twin bomb blasts in the Turkish capital Ankara kill 102 and injure 400. 2018 - Hurricane Michael makes landfall in the Florida Panhandle as a catastrophic Category 5 hurricane. It kills 57 people in the United States, 45 in Florida, and causes an estimated $25.1 billion in damage. Births AD 19 - Tiberius Gemellus, Roman son of Drusus Julius Caesar and Livilla 786 - Saga, emperor of Japan 867 - Li Siyuan, Chinese emperor 1332 - King Charles II of Navarre 1344 - Mary of Waltham, duchess of Brittany 1355 - Zhu Biao, Chinese prince 1421 - John Paston, English politician 1486 - Charles III, Duke of Savoy 1554 - Arnold III, Count of Bentheim-Steinfurt-Tecklenburg-Limburg and Lord of Rheda 1560 - Jacobus Arminius, Dutch theologian 1567 - Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain 1584 - Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke 1599 - Étienne Moulinié, French composer and director 1629 - Richard Towneley, English mathematician and astronomer 1646 - Françoise-Marguerite de Sévigné, French noblewoman 1656 - Nicolas de Largillière, French painter and academic 1669 - Johann Nicolaus Bach, German organist and composer 1678 - John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish general and politician, Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland 1684 - Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter 1700 - Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor and illustrator 1731 - Henry Cavendish, French-English chemist, physicist, and philosopher 1780 - John Abercrombie, Scottish physician and philosopher 1794 - William Whiting Boardman, American judge and politician 1810 - Alfred Kennerley, English-Australian politician, 10th Premier of Tasmania 1813 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer and philanthropist 1819 - Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian and author 1825 - Paul Kruger, South African soldier and politician, 5th President of the South African Republic 1828 - Samuel J. Randall, American captain, lawyer and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives 1830 - Isabella II of Spain 1834 - Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright 1837 - Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel 1842 - Emily Dobson, Australian philanthropist 1858 - Maurice Prendergast, American painter and academic 1861 - Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, scientist, and humanitarian, Nobel Prize laureate 1864 - T. Frank Appleby, American businessman and politician 1870 - Louise Mack, Australian journalist, author, and poet 1872 - Dionysios Kasdaglis, Egyptian-Greek tennis player 1877 - William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Morris Motors 1884 - Nikolai Klyuev, Russian poet and author 1884 - Ida Wüst, German actress and screenwriter 1885 - Walter Anderson, Belarusian-German ethnologist and academic 1885 - Jean Peyrière, French actor 1889 - Han van Meegeren, Dutch painter and forger 1895 - Alfred Neuland, Estonian weightlifter 1895 - Fridolf Rhudin, Swedish actor 1895 - Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal 1898 - Lilly Daché, French-American fashion designer 1900 - Helen Hayes, American actress 1901 - Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor and painter 1902 - K. Shivaram Karanth, Indian journalist, author, and activist 1903 - Prince Charles, Count of Flanders 1903 - Vernon Duke, Russian-American composer and songwriter 1903 - Bei Shizhang, Chinese biologist and academic 1905 - Aksella Luts, Estonian actress, screenwriter, dancer, and choreographer 1906 - Paul Creston, American composer and educator 1906 - Fei Mu, Chinese director and screenwriter 1906 - R. K. Narayan, Indian author 1908 - Johnny Green, American conductor and composer 1908 - Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan author and poet 1909 - Robert F. Boyle, American production designer and art director 1910 - Julius Shulman, American photographer and environmentalist 1911 - Clare Hollingworth, English journalist and author 1912 - Ram Vilas Sharma, Indian poet and critic 1913 - Claude Simon, Malagasy-French novelist and critic, Nobel Prize laureate 1914 - Tommy Fine, American baseball player and businessman 1914 - Ivory Joe Hunter, American singer-songwriter and pianist 1915 - Harry Edison, American trumpet player and composer 1917 - Thelonious Monk, American pianist and composer 1919 - Willard Estey, Canadian academic and jurist 1919 - Gerry Gomez, Trinidadian cricketer, manager, and umpire 1919 - Kim Ki-young, South Korean director, screenwriter, producer, and editor 1919 - William Kruskal, American mathematician and statistician 1919 - Edgar Laprade, Canadian ice hockey player 1920 - Gail Halvorsen, American air force pilot known as the "Berlin Candy Bomber." 1922 - Merv Pregulman, American football player, businessman, and philanthropist 1923 - Louis Gottlieb, American singer and bass player 1923 - Nicholas Parsons, English actor and game show host 1923 - Murray Walker, English journalist and sportscaster 1924 - James Clavell, Australian-American director, producer, screenwriter, and author 1924 - Ludmilla Tchérina, French actress, ballerina, and choreographer 1924 - Ed Wood, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter 1926 - Oscar Brown, American singer-songwriter, playwright, and actor 1926 - Richard Jaeckel, American actor 1927 - Dana Elcar, American actor and director 1927 - Jon Locke, American actor 1927 - Thomas Wilson, American-Scottish composer and educator 1928 - Leyla Gencer, Turkish soprano 1928 - Sheila Walsh, English author 1929 - Ayten Alpman, Turkish singer 1929 - Herb Levinson, American actor 1929 - Bernard Mayes, English-American journalist and academic 1930 - Eugenio Castellotti, Italian race car driver 1930 - Yves Chauvin, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1930 - Harold Pinter, English playwright, screenwriter, director Nobel Prize laureate 1932 - Harry Smith, English footballer 1933 - Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and businessman 1935 - Khalil al-Wazir, Palestinian commander, founded Fatah 1935 - André Bureau, Canadian lawyer and businessman 1935 - Judith Chalmers, English television host and actress 1936 - Gerhard Ertl, German physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate 1937 - Bruce Devlin, Australian golfer and sportscaster 1937 - Peter Underwood, Australian lawyer and politician, 27th Governor of Tasmania 1938 - Oleg Gordievsky, Russian intelligence officer and author 1938 - Daidō Moriyama, Japanese photographer 1938 - Lily Tuck, American novelist and short story writer 1938 - Leroy Hood, American biologist and academic 1939 - Joe Pitts, American captain and politician 1940 - Winston Churchill, English journalist and politician 1941 - Peter Coyote, American actor, director, and screenwriter 1941 - Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian author and activist 1942 - Janis Hansen, American singer and author 1942 - Radu Vasile, Romanian historian and politician, 57th Prime Minister of Romania 1943 - Frederick Barthelme, American novelist and short story writer 1945 - Christopher Hill, English bishop 1945 - Vanburn Holder, Barbadian cricketer 1945 - Headman Shabalala, South African bass singer 1946 - Charles Dance, English actor, director, and screenwriter 1946 - Naoto Kan, Japanese lawyer and politician, 61st Prime Minister of Japan 1946 - Peter Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1946 - Anne Mather, English author and screenwriter 1946 - John Prine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1946 - Raymond Tallis, English physician, philosopher, author, and academic 1946 - Chris Tarrant, English radio and television host 1946 - Ben Vereen, American actor, singer, and dancer 1946 - Willard White, Jamaican-English actor and singer 1947 - Gary Beach, American actor and singer 1947 - Giant Haystacks, English wrestler 1947 - Ojārs Arvīds Feldbergs, Latvian sculptor 1948 - Sue Campbell, Baroness Campbell of Loughborough, English academic and businesswoman 1948 - Cyril Neville, American R&B percussionist and singer 1948 - Séverine, French singer and actress 1949 - Warren Burt, American-Australian composer 1949 - Lance Cairns, New Zealand cricketer 1949 - Wang Wanxing, Chinese activist 1950 - Charlie George, English footballer 1950 - Nora Roberts, American author 1951 - Epeli Ganilau, Fijian general and politician, 16th Minister for Fijian Affairs 1951 - Kevin McFoy Dunn, American guitarist, songwriter and producer 1952 - Dela Smith, English educator 1953 - Fiona Rae, Scottish painter 1953 - Midge Ure, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1953 - Aleksander Veingold, Estonian chess player and coach 1953 - Gus Williams, American basketball player 1954 - Rekha, Indian actress 1954 - David Lee Roth, American singer-songwriter and producer 1954 - Fernando Santos, Portuguese footballer and manager 1956 - Amanda Burton, Northern Irish actress and producer 1956 - David Hempleman-Adams, English businessman and adventurer 1956 - Taur Matan Ruak, East Timorese politician, 3rd President of East Timor 1957 - Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese author and illustrator 1958 - Tanya Tucker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1959 - Michael Cobley, English-Scottish author 1959 - Kirsty MacColl, English singer-songwriter 1959 - Bill Rammell, English academic and politician, Minister of State for the Armed Forces 1959 - Julia Sweeney, American actress, comedian, producer, and screenwriter 1959 - Bradley Whitford, American actor and producer 1959 - Arif Peçenek, Turkish football player and manager 1960 - Ron Flockhart, Canadian ice hockey player 1960 - Eric Martin, American singer-songwriter 1960 - Russell Slade, English football manager 1960 - Paul Thiebaud, American art dealer 1960 - Simon Townshend, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1961 - Scott Hoffman, American drummer 1961 - Henrik Jørgensen, Danish runner 1961 - Martin Kemp, English singer-songwriter and bass player 1962 - Thomas Rusch, German photographer 1963 - Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer 1963 - Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer and actress 1963 - Daniel Pearl, American-Israeli journalist 1963 - Vegard Ulvang, Norwegian skier 1964 - Sarah Lancashire, English actress and director 1964 - Crystal Waters, American singer-songwriter, musician and producer 1965 - Toshi, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer 1965 - Chris Penn, American actor 1965 - Rebecca Pidgeon, American-English singer-songwriter and actress 1966 - Tony Adams, English footballer and manager 1966 - Bai Ling, Chinese-American model and actress 1966 - Derrick McKey, American basketball player 1967 - Michael Giacchino, American composer 1967 - Jonathan Littell, American-French author and humanitarian 1967 - Mike Malinin, American drummer and producer 1967 - Gavin Newsom, American businessman and politician, 40th and current Governor of California 1967 - Jacek Zieliński, Polish footballer and coach 1968 - Bart Brentjens, Dutch cyclist 1968 - Feridun Düzağaç, Turkish singer-songwriter 1968 - Chris Ofili, British painter 1968 - Marinos Ouzounidis, Greek footballer and manager 1969 - Manu Bennett, New Zealand-Australian actor 1969 - Francis Escudero, Filipino lawyer and politician 1969 - Brett Favre, American football player 1969 - Shawn Jamison, American basketball player and coach 1969 - Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress 1969 - Dilsa Demirbag Sten, Swedish journalist and author 1970 - Dean Kiely, Irish footballer 1970 - Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German sled racer 1970 - Matthew Pinsent, English rower and sportscaster 1971 - Graham Alexander, English-Scottish footballer and manager 1971 - Ian Bennett, English footballer 1971 - Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist 1972 - Jun Lana, Filipino director, producer, playwright, and screenwriter 1972 - Dean Roland, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1972 - Alexei Zhitnik, Ukrainian-Russian ice hockey player 1973 - Mario Lopez, American actor, television personality, and producer 1973 - Scott Morriss, English bass player and songwriter 1973 - Zach Thornton, American soccer player and coach 1974 - Asi Cohen, Israeli actor and screenwriter 1974 - Julio Ricardo Cruz, Argentinian footballer 1974 - Dale Earnhardt, Jr., American race car driver and actor 1974 - Lucy Powell, English politician 1974 - Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player 1975 - Ihsahn, Norwegian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1975 - Ramón Morales, Mexican footballer and manager 1975 - Plácido Polanco, Dominican-American baseball player 1976 - Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-American skateboarder 1976 - Pat Burrell, American baseball player 1976 - Shane Doan, Canadian ice hockey player 1978 - Scott Dobie, English footballer 1978 - Jodi Lyn O'Keefe, American model and actress 1978 - Naomi Levari, Israeli film producer and director 1979 - Kangta, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and actor 1979 - Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player 1979 - Mýa, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress 1979 - Joel Przybilla, American basketball player 1979 - Hitomi Satō, Japanese actress 1980 - Blaž Emeršič, Slovenian ice hockey player 1980 - Casey FitzSimmons, American football player 1980 - Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer 1980 - Tim Maurer, American singer-songwriter 1981 - Una Foden, Irish singer-songwriter and dancer 1981 - Gavin Shuker, English lawyer and politician 1982 - Yasser Al-Qahtani, Saudi Arabian footballer 1982 - Amon Buchanan, Australian footballer 1982 - David Cal, Spanish sprint canoeist 1982 - Dan Stevens, English actor 1983 - Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer 1983 - Nikos Spyropoulos, Greek footballer 1983 - Tolga Zengin, Turkish footballer 1984 - Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer 1984 - Jean-Baptiste Grange, French skier 1984 - Lzzy Hale, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1984 - Chiaki Kuriyama, Japanese actress and singer 1984 - Paul Posluszny, American football player 1984 - Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player 1985 - Dominique Cornu, Belgian cyclist 1985 - Bronson Harrison, New Zealand rugby league player 1985 - Marina Diamandis, Welsh singer-songwriter and pianist 1985 - Sandra Záhlavová, Czech tennis player 1986 - Ezequiel Garay, Argentinian footballer 1986 - Lucy Griffiths, English actress 1986 - Nathan Jawai, Australian basketball player 1986 - Andrew McCutchen, American baseball player 1986 - Ellen Andrea Wang, Norwegian bassist and composer 1987 - Rodjun Cruz, Filipino actor and dancer 1987 - Ryan Mathews, American football player 1987 - Colin Slade, New Zealand rugby player 1987 - Junior Madozein, Central African basketball player 1988 - Luis Cardozo, Paraguayan footballer 1988 - Shaun Fensom, Australian rugby league player 1988 - Brown Ideye, Nigerian footballer 1988 - Rose McIver, New Zealand actress 1988 - Emmanuel Nwachi, Nigerian footballer 1988 - Toby Smith, Australian-New Zealand rugby player 1989 - Emer Kenny, English actress and screenwriter 1989 - Aimee Teegarden, American actress and producer 1990 - Geno Smith, American football player 1990 – Rakul Preet Singh, Indian actress 1991 - Michael Carter-Williams, American basketball player 1991 - Gabriella Cilmi, Australian singer-songwriter and producer 1991 - Lali Espósito, Argentinian actress and singer 1991 - Manuel Giandonato, Italian footballer 1991 - Mariana Pajón, Colombian cyclist 1991 - Xherdan Shaqiri, Swiss footballer 1993 - Jayden Stockley, English footballer 1994 - Tereza Smitková, Czech tennis player 1995 - Brenko Lee, Australian rugby league player 1995 - Courtland Sutton, American football player 1996 - Roni Allén, Finnish ice hockey player Deaths AD 19 - Germanicus, Roman general 644 - Paulinus of York, English bishop and missionary 680 - Abbas ibn Ali, son of Imam Ali 680 - Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn, son of Al-Husayn 680 - Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn, son of Al-Husayn 680 - Habib ibn Madhahir 680 - Husayn ibn Ali, third Shia Imam and grandson of Muhammad 827 - Pope Valentine 937 - Wang Lingmou, chancellor of Wu 1213 - Frederick II, Duke of Lorraine 1308 - Patrick Dunbar, 8th Earl of Dunbar 1359 - Hugh IV of Cyprus 1503 - Peter II, Duke of Bourbon 1581 - Bayinnaung, Burmese king 1659 - Abel Tasman, Dutch merchant and explorer 1674 - Thomas Traherne, English poet 1691 - Isaac de Benserade, French author and poet 1708 - David Gregory, Scottish mathematician and astronomer 1714 - Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist and academic 1720 - Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor 1723 - William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, English lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain 1725 - Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, French politician, Governor of New France 1747 - John Potter, English archbishop and academic 1759 - Granville Elliott, English general 1765 - Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1795 - Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian historian and theologian 1800 - Gabriel Prosser, American rebel leader 1806 - Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia 1827 - Ugo Foscolo, Italian author and poet 1837 - Charles Fourier, French philosopher and academic 1857 - George Washington Parke Custis, American author and playwright 1872 - William H. Seward, American lawyer and politician, 24th United States Secretary of State 1875 - Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian author, poet, and playwright 1876 - Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist and meteorologist 1893 - Lip Pike, American baseball player and manager 1901 - Lorenzo Snow, American religious leader, 5th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1913 - Adolphus Busch, German-American brewer and businessman, co-founded Anheuser-Busch 1913 - Katsura Tarō, Japanese general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Japan 1914 - Carol I of Romania 1918 - Henry Dobson, Australian politician, 17th Premier of Tasmania 1922 - Andreas Karkavitsas, Greek physician and author 1927 - August Kitzberg, Estonian author and playwright 1927 - Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer 1930 - Adolf Engler, German botanist and academic 1935 - Gustave Loiseau, French painter 1940 - Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor and singer 1948 - Ted Horn, American race car driver 1949 - Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese engineer, businessman, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company 1953 - Erima Harvey Northcroft, New Zealand general, lawyer, and judge 1957 - Karl Genzken, German physician 1962 - Stancho Belkovski, Bulgarian-Polish architect 1963 - Roy Cazaly, Australian footballer and coach 1963 - Édith Piaf, French singer-songwriter and actress 1964 - Eddie Cantor, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor 1964 - Heinrich Neuhaus, Ukrainian-Russian pianist and educator 1966 - Charlotte Cooper, English-Scottish tennis player 1966 - Louise Thuliez, French school teacher, resistance fighter during World War I and World War II and author 1970 - Édouard Daladier, French captain and politician, 105th Prime Minister of France 1971 - John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian and scholar 1973 - Ludwig von Mises, Ukrainian-American economist and sociologist 1974 - Werner Heyking, Danish actor 1976 - Silvana Armenulić, Bosnian singer and actress 1976 - Mirsada Mirjana Bajraktarević, Bosnian singer-songwriter 1977 - Angelo Muscat, Maltese-English actor 1978 - Ralph Marterie, Italian-American trumpet player and bandleader 1978 - Ralph Metcalfe, American sprinter and politician 1979 - Christopher Evans, English psychologist, computer scientist, and author 1979 - Paul Paray, French organist, composer, and conductor 1982 - Jean Effel, French painter and journalist 1983 - Ralph Richardson, English actor 1985 - Yul Brynner, Russian actor 1985 - Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1986 - Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist and academic 1987 - Behice Boran, Turkish Marxist politician, author and sociologist 1990 - Tom Murton, American penologist and activist 1990 - Nikolaos Pavlopoulos, Greek sculptor and academic 1991 - Nickolaus Hirschl, Austrian wrestler, discus thrower, and shot putter 1997 - Michael J. S. Dewar, Indian-born American theoretical chemist who developed the Dewar–Chatt–Duncanson model 1998 - Clark Clifford, American captain, lawyer, and politician 9th United States Secretary of Defense 1998 - Marvin Gay, Sr., American minister 1998 - Tommy Quaid, Irish hurler and manager 2000 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka 2001 - Eddie Futch, American boxer and trainer 2001 - Vasily Mishin, Russian engineer 2003 - Eila Hiltunen, Finnish sculptor 2003 - Eugene Istomin, American pianist 2004 - Ken Caminiti, American baseball player 2004 - Christopher Reeve, American actor, producer, and activist 2004 - Arthur H. Robinson, American geographer and cartographer 2004 - Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand author and playwright 2005 - Wayne C. Booth, American educator and critic 2005 - Milton Obote, Ugandan politician, 2nd President of Uganda 2006 - Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist and academic 2006 - Ian Scott, Canadian lawyer and politician 2008 - Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman 2009 - Stephen Gately, Irish singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor 2010 - Solomon Burke, American singer-songwriter and preacher 2010 - Joan Sutherland, Australian-Swiss soprano and actress 2011 - Jagjit Singh, Indian singer-songwriter 2012 - Sam Gibbons, American captain and politician 2012 - Alex Karras, American football player, wrestler, and actor 2012 - Piotr Lenartowicz, Polish philosopher and educator 2012 - Basil L. Plumley, American sergeant 2012 - Mark Poster, American philosopher and educator 2012 - Kyaw Zaw, Burmese commander and politician 2013 - Scott Carpenter, American commander, pilot, and astronaut 2013 - Jay Conrad Levinson, American author and educator 2013 - Sohei Miyashita, Japanese politician, Japanese Minister of Defense 2013 - Cal Smith, American singer and guitarist 2014 - Olav Dale, Norwegian saxophonist and composer 2014 - Damiana Eugenio, Filipino author and academic 2014 - Valeri Karpov, Russian ice hockey player 2014 - Lari Ketner, American football and basketball player 2014 - Pavel Landovský, Czech actor, director, and playwright 2014 - Ed Nimmervoll, Austrian-Australian journalist, historian, and author 2015 - Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, Nigerian politician, Governor of Bayelsa State 2015 - Hilla Becher, German photographer and educator 2015 - Manorama Indian actress 2015 - Richard F. Heck, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 2015 - Steve Mackay, American saxophonist and composer 2015 - Sybil Stockdale, American activist, co-founded the National League of Families 2016 - Donn Fendler, American author and speaker Holidays and observances Arbor Day Army Day Capital Liberation Day Christian feast day: *Blessed Angela Truszkowska *Cerbonius *Daniel Comboni *Eulampius and Eulampia *Gereon and companions *Blessed María Catalina Irigoyen Echegaray *Paulinus of York *Pinytus *Tanca *Vida Dutton Scudder *Viktor of Xanten *October 10 Double Ten Day, celebrates outbreak of the Wuchang Uprising in 1911 that led to founding of the Republic of China in 1912 Fiji Day, celebrates the independence of Fiji from United Kingdom in 1970 Finnish Literature Day Independence Day, commemorates the proclamation of Cuba's independence from Spain and the beginning of the Ten Years' War in 1868. Party Foundation Day World Day Against the Death Penalty World Mental Health Day
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