March 9 Events
141 BC - Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne over the Han dynasty of China. 1009 - First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg. 1226 - Khwarazmian sultan Jalal ad-Din conquers the Georgian capital of Tbilisi. 1230 - Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus in the Battle of Klokotnitsa. 1500 - The fleet of Pedro Álvares Cabral leaves Lisbon for the Indies. The fleet will discover Brazil which lies within boundaries granted to Portugal in the Treaty of Tordesillas. 1701 - Safavid troops retreat from Basra, ending a three year occupation. 1765 - After a campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son may have actually committed suicide. 1776 - The by Scottish economist and philosopher Wealth of Nations Adam Smith is published. 1796 - Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais. 1811 - Paraguayan forces defeat Manuel Belgrano at the Battle of Tacuarí. 1815 - Francis Ronalds describes the first battery-operated clock in the Philosophical Magazine. 1841 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules in the United States v. The Amistad case that captive Africans who had seized control of the ship carrying them had been taken into slavery illegally. 1842 - Giuseppe Verdi's third opera, Nabucco, receives its première performance in Milan; its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy's foremost opera composers. 1842 - The first documented discovery of gold in California occurs at Rancho San Francisco, six years before the California Gold Rush. 1847 - Mexican–American War: The first large-scale amphibious assault in U.S. history is launched in the Siege of Veracruz. 1862 - American Civil War: and fight to a draw in the Battle of Hampton Roads, the first battle between two ironclad warships. 1908 - Inter Milan was founded on Football Club Internazionale, following a schism from A.C. Milan. 1916 - Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa leads nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against the border town of Columbus, New Mexico. 1933 - Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to Congress, the first of his New Deal policies. 1942 - World War II: Dutch East Indies unconditionally surrendered to the Japanese forces in Kalijati, Subang, West Java, and the Japanese completed their Dutch East Indies campaign. 1944 - World War II: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia. 1945 - World War II: A coup d'état by Japanese forces in French Indochina removes the French from power. 1946 - Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England, kills 33 and injures hundreds more. 1954 - McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, "A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy", produced by Fred Friendly. 1956 - Soviet forces suppress mass demonstrations in the Georgian SSR, reacting to Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy. 1957 - The 8.6 Andreanof Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands, causing over $5 million in damage from ground movement and a destructive tsunami. 1959 - The Barbie doll makes its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York. 1960 - Dr. Belding Hibbard Scribner implants for the first time a shunt he invented into a patient, which allows the patient to receive hemodialysis on a regular basis. 1961 - Sputnik 9 successfully launches, carrying a dog and a human dummy, and demonstrating that the Soviet Union was ready to begin human spaceflight. 1967 - Trans World Airlines Flight 553 crashes in a field in Concord Township, Ohio following a mid-air collision with a Beechcraft Baron, killing 26 people. 1974 - The Mars 7 Flyby bus releases the descent module too early, missing Mars. 1976 - Forty-two people die in the Cavalese cable car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date. 1977 - The Hanafi Siege: In a thirty-nine-hour standoff, armed Hanafi Muslims seize three Washington, D.C., buildings. 1978 - President Soeharto inaugurated Jagorawi Toll Road, the first toll highway in Indonesia, connecting Jakarta, Bogor and Ciawi, West Java. 1997 - Comet Hale–Bopp: Observers in China, Mongolia and eastern Siberia are treated to a rare double feature as an eclipse permits Hale-Bopp to be seen during the day. 2011 - Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights. Births 1454 - Amerigo Vespucci, Italian cartographer and explorer 1564 - David Fabricius, German theologian, cartographer and astronomer 1568 - Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint 1662 - Franz Anton von Sporck, German noble 1697 - Friederike Caroline Neuber, German actress 1737 - Josef Mysliveček, Czech violinist and composer 1749 - Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, French journalist and politician 1753 - Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general 1758 - Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroanatomist and physiologist 1763 - William Cobbett, English journalist and author 1806 - Edwin Forrest, American actor and philanthropist 1814 - Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet and playwright 1815 - David Davis, American jurist and politician 1820 - Samuel Blatchford, American lawyer and jurist 1824 - Amasa Leland Stanford, American businessman and politician, founded Stanford University 1847 - Martin Pierre Marsick, Belgian violinist, composer, and educator 1850 - Hamo Thornycroft, English sculptor and academic 1856 - Eddie Foy, Sr., American actor and dancer 1863 - Mary Harris Armor, American suffragist 1887 - Fritz Lenz, German geneticist and physician 1890 - Rupert Balfe, Australian footballer and lieutenant 1890 - Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician and diplomat, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs 1891 - José P. Laurel, Filipino lawyer, politician and President of the Philippines 1892 - Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian politician 1892 - Vita Sackville-West, English author, poet, and gardener 1902 - Will Geer, American actor 1904 - Paul Wilbur Klipsch, American soldier and engineer, founded Klipsch Audio Technologies 1910 - Samuel Barber, American pianist and composer 1911 - Clara Rockmore, American classical violin prodigy and theremin player, 1915 - Johnnie Johnson, English air marshal and pilot 1918 - George Lincoln Rockwell, American sailor and politician, founded the American Nazi Party 1918 - Mickey Spillane, American crime novelist 1920 - Franjo Mihalić, Croatian-Serbian runner and coach 1921 - Carl Betz, American actor 1922 - Ian Turbott, New Zealand-Australian former diplomat and university administrator 1923 - James L. Buckley, American lawyer, judge, and politician 1923 - André Courrèges, French fashion designer 1923 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1926 - Joe Franklin, American radio and television host 1928 - Gerald Bull, Canadian-American engineer and academic 1928 - Keely Smith, American singer and actress 1929 - Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese lawyer, politician and President of Guyana 1929 - Zillur Rahman, Bangladeshi politician, 19th President of Bangladesh 1930 - Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist, violinist, trumpet player, and composer 1931 - Jackie Healy-Rae, Irish politician 1932 - Qayyum Chowdhury, Bangladeshi painter and academic 1932 - Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican-American astrologer and actor 1933 - Lloyd Price, American R&B singer-songwriter 1933 - David Weatherall, English physician, geneticist, and academic 1934 - Yuri Gagarin, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut 1934 - Joyce Van Patten, American actress 1935 - Andrew Viterbi, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Qualcomm Inc. 1936 - Mickey Gilley, American singer-songwriter and pianist 1936 - Marty Ingels, American actor and comedian 1937 - Bernard Landry, Canadian lawyer, politician and Premier of Quebec 1937 - Harry Neale, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster 1937 - Brian Redman, English race car driver 1940 - Raul Julia, Puerto Rican-American actor 1941 - Jim Colbert, American golfer 1941 - Ernesto Miranda, American criminal 1942 - Ion Caramitru, Romanian actor and artistic director 1942 - Mark Lindsay, American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer 1943 - Bobby Fischer, American chess player and author 1944 - Lee Irvine, South African cricketer 1945 - Robert Calvert, English singer-songwriter and playwright 1945 - Robin Trower, English rock guitarist and vocalist 1946 - Alexandra Bastedo, English actress 1946 - Warren Skaaren, American screenwriter and producer 1946 - Bernd Hölzenbein, German footballer and scout 1947 - Keri Hulme, New Zealand author and poet 1948 - Emma Bonino, Italian politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs 1948 - Eric Fischl, American painter and sculptor 1948 - Jeffrey Osborne, American singer and drummer 1949 - Neil Hamilton, Welsh lawyer and politician 1950 - Doug Ault, American baseball player and manager 1950 - Andy North, American golfer 1950 - Howard Shelley, English pianist and conductor 1951 - Helen Zille, South African journalist, politician and Premier of the Western Cape 1952 - Bill Beaumont, English rugby player and manager 1954 - Carlos Ghosn, Brazilian-Lebanese-French business executive 1954 - Bobby Sands, PIRA volunteer; Irish republican politician 1954 - Jock Taylor, Scottish motorcycle racer 1955 - Teo Fabi, Italian race car driver 1955 - Józef Pinior, Polish academic and politician 1956 - Mark Dantonio, American football player and coach 1956 - Shashi Tharoor, Indian politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs 1956 - David Willetts, English academic and politician 1958 - Paul MacLean, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1959 - Takaaki Kajita, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1959 - Lonny Price, American actor, director, and screenwriter 1960 - Linda Fiorentino, American actress 1961 - Rick Steiner, American wrestler 1961 - Darrell Walker, American basketball player and coach 1963 - Terry Mulholland, American baseball player 1963 - Jean-Marc Vallée, Canadian director and screenwriter 1964 - Juliette Binoche, French actress 1964 - Phil Housley, American ice hockey player and coach 1965 - Brian Bosworth, American football player and actor 1965 - Benito Santiago, Puerto Rican-American baseball player 1966 - Brendan Canty, American drummer and songwriter 1966 - Tony Lockett, Australian footballer 1968 - Youri Djorkaeff, French footballer 1969 - Kimberly Guilfoyle, American lawyer and journalist 1970 - Naveen Jindal, Indian businessman and politician 1970 - Martin Johnson, English rugby player and coach 1971 - Emmanuel Lewis, American actor 1972 - Jodey Arrington, United States politician 1973 - Liam Griffin, English race car driver 1975 - Juan Sebastián Verón, Argentinian footballer 1977 - Radek Dvořák, Czech ice hockey player 1979 - Oscar Isaac, Guatemalan-American actor 1981 - Antonio Bryant, American football player 1981 - Clay Rapada, American baseball player 1982 - Ryan Bayley, Australian cyclist 1982 - Matt Bowen, Australian rugby league player 1982 - Mirjana Lučić-Baroni, Croatian tennis player 1983 - Wayne Simien, American basketball player 1983 - Clint Dempsey, American international soccer player, forward 1984 - Abdoulay Konko, French footballer 1984 - Julia Mancuso, American skier 1985 - Brent Burns, Canadian ice hockey player 1985 - Jesse Litsch, American baseball player 1985 - Pastor Maldonado, Venezuelan race car driver 1985 - Parthiv Patel, Indian cricketer 1986 - Colin Greening, Canadian ice hockey player 1986 - Brittany Snow, American actress and producer 1989 - Taeyeon, South Korean artist, member of Girls' Generation 1990 - Daley Blind, Dutch footballer 1990 - Matt Robinson, New Zealand rugby league player 1990 - YG, American rapper 1991 - Jooyoung, Korean singer-songwriter 1993 - Suga, South Korean artist 1994 - Morgan Rielly, Canadian ice hockey player Deaths 886 - Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi, Muslim scholar and astrologer 1202 - Sverre of Norway 1440 - Frances of Rome, Italian nun and saint 1444 - Leonardo Bruni, Italian humanist 1463 - Catherine of Bologna, Italian nun and saint 1566 - David Rizzio, Italian-Scottish courtier and politician. 1649 - James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish soldier and politician, 1649 - Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier and politician 1661 - Cardinal Mazarin, Italian-French academic and politician, Prime Minister of France 1709 - Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English courtier and politician 1808 - Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect 1810 - Ozias Humphry, English painter and academic 1825 - Anna Laetitia Barbauld, English poet, author, and critic 1831 - Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger, German author and playwright 1847 - Mary Anning, English paleontologist 1851 - Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist 1888 - William I, German Emperor 1895 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian journalist and author 1897 - Sondre Norheim, Norwegian-American skier 1918 - Frank Wedekind, German author and playwright 1925 - Willard Metcalf, American painter and academic 1926 - Mikao Usui, Japanese spiritual leader, founded Reiki 1937 - Paul Elmer More, American journalist and critic 1943 - Otto Freundlich, German painter and sculptor 1954 - Vagn Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer and academic 1955 - Miroslava, Czech-Mexican actress 1964 - Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general 1969 - Abdul Munim Riad, Egyptian general 1971 - Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria 1974 - Earl Wilbur Sutherland, Jr., American pharmacologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate 1974 - Harry Womack, American singer 1983 - Faye Emerson, American actress 1983 - Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate 1988 - Kurt Georg Kiesinger, German lawyer, politician and Chancellor of Germany 1989 - Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer 1991 - Jim Hardin, American baseball player 1992 - Menachem Begin, Belarusian-Israeli soldier, politician and Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel Prize laureate 1993 - C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian and author 1994 - Charles Bukowski, American poet, novelist, and short story writer 1994 - Eddie Creatchman, Canadian wrestler, referee, and manager 1994 - Fernando Rey, Spanish actor 1997 - Jean-Dominique Bauby, French journalist and author 1997 - Terry Nation, Welsh author and screenwriter 1997 - The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper, songwriter, and actor 1999 - Harry Somers, Canadian pianist and composer 2000 - Jean Coulthard, Canadian composer and educator 2003 - Stan Brakhage, American director and cinematographer 2003 - Bernard Dowiyogo, Nauruan politician, President of Nauru 2006 - Tom Fox, American activist 2006 - John Profumo, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for War 2007 - Brad Delp, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 2007 - Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player 2010 - Willie Davis, American baseball player and manager 2010 - Doris Haddock, American activist and politician 2011 - David S. Broder, American journalist and academic 2013 - Max Jakobson, Finnish journalist and diplomat 2013 - Merton Simpson, American painter and art collector 2015 - James Molyneaux, Baron Molyneaux of Killead, Northern Irish soldier and politician 2016 - Robert Horton, American actor 2016 - Clyde Lovellette, American basketball player and coach 2017 - Howard Hodgkin, British painter 2018 - Jo Min-ki, Korean actor 2020 - John Bathersby, Australian Catholic bishop Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Catherine of Bologna *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste *Frances of Rome *Pacian *Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria *Gregory of Nyssa * March 9 Teachers' Day or Eid Al Moalim
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