August 17 Events
309/310 - Pope Eusebius is banished by the Emperor Maxentius to Sicily, where he dies, perhaps from a hunger strike. 682 - Pope Leo II begins his pontificate. 986 - Byzantine–Bulgarian wars: Battle of the Gates of Trajan: The Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Samuel and Aron defeat the Byzantine forces at the Gate of Trajan, with Byzantine Emperor Basil II barely escaping. 1186 - Georgenberg Pact: Ottokar IV, Duke of Styria and Leopold V, Duke of Austria sign a heritage agreement in which Ottokar gives his duchy to Leopold and to his son Frederick under the stipulation that Austria and Styria would henceforth remain undivided. 1386 - Karl Topia, the ruler of Princedom of Albania forges an alliance with the Republic of Venice, committing to participate in all wars of the Republic and receiving coastal protection against the Ottomans in return. 1424 - Hundred Years' War: Battle of Verneuil: An English force under John, Duke of Bedford defeats a larger French army under Jean II, Duke of Alençon, John Stewart, and Earl Archibald of Douglas. 1498 - Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI, becomes the first person in history to resign the cardinalate; later that same day, King Louis XII of France names him Duke of Valentinois. 1549 - Battle of Sampford Courtenay: The Prayer Book Rebellion is quashed in England. 1560 - The Catholic Church is overthrown and Protestantism is established as the national religion in Scotland. 1585 - Eighty Years' War: Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp is captured by Spanish forces under Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma, who orders Protestants to leave the city and as a result over half of the 100,000 inhabitants flee to the northern provinces. 1585 - A first group of colonists sent by Sir Walter Raleigh under the charge of Ralph Lane lands in the New World to create Roanoke Colony on Roanoke Island, off the coast of present-day North Carolina. 1597 - Islands Voyage: Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and Sir Walter Raleigh set sail on an expedition to the Azores. 1668 - A magnitude 8.0 earthquake causes 8,000 deaths in Anatolia, Ottoman Empire. 1712 - Action of 17 August 1712 New Deep naval battle between Denmark and Sweden. 1717 - Austro-Turkish War of 1716–18: The month-long Siege of Belgrade ends with Prince Eugene of Savoy's Austrian troops capturing the city from the Ottoman Empire. 1723 - Ioan Giurgiu Patachi becomes Bishop of Făgăraș and is festively installed in his position at the St. Nicolas Cathedral in Făgăraș, after being formally confirmed earlier by Pope Clement XI. 1740 - Pope Benedict XIV, previously known as Prospero Lambertini, succeeds Clement XII as the 247th Pope. 1784 - Classical composer Luigi Boccherini receives a pay rise of 12000 reals from his employer, the Infante Luis, Count of Chinchón. 1798 - The Vietnamese Catholics report a Marian apparition in Quảng Trị, an event which is called Our Lady of La Vang. 1807 - Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat leaves New York City for Albany, New York, on the Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial steamboat service in the world. 1827 - Dutch King William I and Pope Leo XII sign concord 1836 - British parliament accepts registration of births, marriages and deaths 1862 - American Indian Wars: The Dakota War of 1862 begins in Minnesota as Dakota warriors attack white settlements along the Minnesota River. 1862 - American Civil War: Major General J. E. B. Stuart is assigned command of all the cavalry of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. 1863 - American Civil War: In Charleston, South Carolina, Union batteries and ships bombard Confederate-held Fort Sumter. 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Gainesville: Confederate forces defeat Union troops near Gainesville, Florida. 1866 - The Grand Duchy of Baden announces her withdrawal from the German Confederation and signs a treaty of peace and alliance with Prussia. 1883 - The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional. 1896 - Bridget Driscoll became the first recorded case of a pedestrian killed in a collision with a motor car in the United Kingdom. 1907 - Pike Place Market, a popular tourist destination and registered historic district in Seattle, opened. 1908 - Fantasmagorie, the first animated cartoon, created by Émile Cohl, is shown in Paris, France. 1914 - World War I: Battle of Stallupönen: The German army of General Hermann von François defeats the Russian force commanded by Paul von Rennenkampf near modern-day Nesterov, Russia. 1915 - Jewish American Leo Frank is lynched in Marietta, Georgia after a 13-year-old girl is murdered. 1915 - A Category 4 hurricane hits Galveston, Texas with winds at. 1916 - World War I: Romania signs a secret treaty with the Entente Powers. According to the treaty, Romania agreed to join the war on the Allied side. 1918 - Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated. 1942 - World War II: U.S. Marines raid the Japanese-held Pacific island of Makin. 1943 - World War II: The U.S. Eighth Air Force suffers the loss of 60 bombers on the Schweinfurt–Regensburg mission. 1943 - World War II: The U.S. Seventh Army under General George S. Patton arrives in Messina, Italy, followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily. 1943 - World War II: First Québec Conference of Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King begins. 1943 - World War II: The Royal Air Force begins Operation Hydra, the first air raid of the Operation Crossbow strategic bombing campaign against Germany's V-weapon program. 1945 - Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaim the independence of Indonesia, igniting the Indonesian National Revolution against the Dutch Empire. 1945 - The novella Animal Farm by George Orwell is first published. 1947 - The Radcliffe Line, the border between the Dominions of India and Pakistan, is revealed. 1953 - Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous takes place, in Southern California. 1955 - Hurricane Diane made landfall near Wilmington, North Carolina, and it went on to cause major floods and kill more than 184 people. 1958 - Pioneer 0, America's first attempt at lunar orbit, is launched using the first Thor-Able rocket and fails. Notable as one of the first attempted launches beyond Earth orbit by any country. 1959 - Quake Lake is formed by the magnitude 7.5 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake near Hebgen Lake in Montana. 1962 - Peter Fechter is shot and bleeds to death while trying to cross the new Berlin Wall. 1969 - Category 5 Hurricane Camille hits the U.S. Gulf Coast, killing 256 and causing $1.42 billion in damage. 1970 - Venera program: Venera 7 launched. It will later become the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from the surface of another planet. 1977 - The Soviet icebreaker Arktika becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole. 1978 - Double Eagle II becomes first balloon to cross the Atlantic Ocean when it lands in Miserey, France near Paris, 137 hours after leaving Presque Isle, Maine. 1988 - President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and U.S. Ambassador Arnold Raphel are killed in a plane crash. 1991 - Strathfield massacre: In Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, taxi driver Wade Frankum shoots seven people and injures six others before turning the gun on himself. 1998 - Lewinsky scandal: US President Bill Clinton admits in taped testimony that he had an "improper physical relationship" with White House intern Monica Lewinsky; later that same day he admits before the nation that he "misled people" about the relationship. 1999 - The 7.6 İzmit earthquake shakes northwestern Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX, leaving 17,118–17,127 dead and 43,953–50,000 injured. 2004 - The National Assembly of Serbia unanimously adopts new state symbols for Serbia: Bože pravde becomes the new anthem and the coat of arms is adopted for the whole country. 2005 - The first forced evacuation of settlers, as part of Israeli disengagement from Gaza, starts. 2005 - Over 500 bombs are set off by terrorists at 300 locations in 63 out of the 64 districts of Bangladesh 2008 - American swimmer Michael Phelps becomes the first person to win eight gold medals at one Olympic Games. 2009 - An accident at the Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam in Khakassia, Russia, kills 75 and shuts down the hydroelectric power station, leading to widespread power failure in the local area. 2015 - A bomb explodes near the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok, Thailand, killing at least 19 people and injuring 123 others. 2017 - Barcelona attacks: A van is driven into pedestrians in La Rambla, killing 14 and injuring at least 100. 2019 - A bomb explodes at a wedding in Kabul killing 63 people and leaving 182 injured. Births 1153 - William IX, Count of Poitiers 1465 - Philibert I, Duke of Savoy 1473 - Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York 1501 - Philipp II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg 1556 - Alexander Briant, English martyr and saint 1578 - Francesco Albani, Italian painter 1578 - Johann, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, first prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen 1582 - John Matthew Rispoli, Maltese philosopher 1586 - Johann Valentin Andrea, German theologian 1603 - Lennart Torstensson, Swedish Field Marshal, Privy Councillour and Governor-General 1612 - Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, Polish nobleman 1629 - John III Sobieski, Polish–Lithuanian king 1686 - Nicola Porpora, Italian composer and educator 1753 - Josef Dobrovský, Bohemian philologist and historian 1768 - Louis Desaix, French general 1786 - Davy Crockett, American soldier and politician 1786 - Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1801 - Fredrika Bremer, Swedish writer and feminist 1828 - Jules Bernard Luys, French neurologist and physician 1840 - Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, English poet and activist 1845 - Henry Cadwalader Chapman, American physician and naturalist 1849 - William Kidston, Scottish-Australian politician, 17th Premier of Queensland 1863 - Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and photographer 1865 - Julia Marlowe, English-American actress 1866 - Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI, Indian 6th Nizam of Hyderabad 1873 - John A. Sampson, American gynecologist and academic 1877 - Ralph McKittrick, American golfer and tennis player 1878 - Reggie Duff, Australian cricketer 1880 - Percy Sherwell, South African cricketer and tennis player 1887 - Charles I of Austria 1887 - Marcus Garvey, Jamaican journalist and activist, founded Black Star Line 1888 - Monty Woolley, American actor, raconteur, and pundit 1890 - Stefan Bastyr, Polish soldier and pilot 1890 - Harry Hopkins, American politician and diplomat, 8th United States Secretary of Commerce 1893 - John Brahm, German-American director and production manager 1893 - Mae West, American actress, playwright, and screenwriter 1894 - William Rootes, 1st Baron Rootes, English businessman, founded Rootes Group 1896 - Leslie Groves, American general and engineer 1896 - Tõnis Kint, Estonian lieutenant and politician, Prime Minister of Estonia in exile 1896 - Oliver Waterman Larkin, American historian and author 1900 - Vivienne de Watteville, British travel writer and adventurer 1900 - Pauline A. Young, African-American teacher, historian, aviator and activist 1904 - Mary Cain, American journalist and politician 1904 - Leopold Nowak, Austrian composer and musicologist 1909 - Larry Clinton, American trumpet player and bandleader 1909 - Wilf Copping, English footballer 1911 - Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player and engineer 1911 - Martin Sandberger, German colonel and lawyer 1913 - Mark Felt, American lawyer and agent, 2nd Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 1913 - Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, Argentinian race car driver 1913 - Rudy York, American baseball player and manager 1914 - Bill Downs, American journalist 1914 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., American lawyer and politician 1916 - Moses Majekodunmi, Nigerian physician and politician 1918 - Evelyn Ankers, British-American actress 1918 - Ike Quebec, American saxophonist and pianist 1918 - Michael John Wise, English geographer and academic 1919 - Georgia Gibbs, American singer 1920 - Maureen O'Hara, Irish-American actress and singer 1920 - Lida Moser, American photographer and author 1921 - Geoffrey Elton, German-English historian and academic 1922 - Roy Tattersall, English cricketer 1923 - Carlos Cruz-Diez, Venezuelan artist 1923 - Larry Rivers, American painter and sculptor 1924 - Evan S. Connell, American novelist, poet, and short story writer 1926 - Valerie Eliot, English businesswoman 1926 - Jiang Zemin, Chinese engineer and politician, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and 5th President of China 1927 - Sam Butera, American saxophonist and bandleader 1927 - F. Ray Keyser Jr., American lawyer and politician, 72nd Governor of Vermont 1928 - T. J. Anderson, American composer, conductor, and educator 1928 - Willem Duys, Dutch tennis player, sportscaster, and producer 1929 - Francis Gary Powers, American captain and pilot 1930 - Harve Bennett, American screenwriter and producer 1930 - Ted Hughes, English poet and playwright 1931 - Tony Wrigley, English historian, demographer, and academic 1932 - V. S. Naipaul, Trinidadian-English novelist and essayist, Nobel Prize laureate 1932 - Duke Pearson, American pianist and composer 1932 - Jean-Jacques Sempé, French cartoonist 1933 - Mark Dinning, American pop singer 1934 - João Donato, Brazilian pianist and composer 1934 - Ron Henry, English footballer 1936 - Seamus Mallon, Irish educator and politician, Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland 1936 - Margaret Heafield Hamilton, American computer scientist, systems engineer, and business owner. 1938 - Theodoros Pangalos, Greek lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece 1939 - Luther Allison, American blues guitarist and singer 1940 - Eduardo Mignogna, Argentinian director and screenwriter 1940 - Barry Sheerman, English academic and politician 1941 - Lothar Bisky, German businessman and politician 1941 - Jean Pierre Lefebvre, Canadian director and screenwriter 1942 - Shane Porteous, Australian actor, animator, and screenwriter 1943 - Edward Cowie, English composer, painter, and author 1943 - Robert De Niro, American actor, entrepreneur, director, and producer 1943 - John Humphrys, Welsh journalist and author 1943 - Dave "Snaker" Ray, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1944 - Larry Ellison, American businessman, co-founded the Oracle Corporation 1944 - Jean-Bernard Pommier, French pianist and conductor 1945 - Rachel Pollack, American author, poet, and educator 1946 - Hugh Baiocchi, South African golfer 1946 - Martha Coolidge, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1946 - Patrick Manning, Trinidadian-Tobagonian politician, 4th Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago 1947 - Mohamed Abdelaziz, President of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 1947 - Gary Talley, American guitarist, singer-songwriter, and author 1948 - Alexander Ivashkin, Russian-English cellist and conductor 1949 - Norm Coleman, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Mayor of St. Paul 1949 - Sue Draheim, American fiddler and composer 1949 - Julian Fellowes, English actor, director, screenwriter, and politician 1949 - Sib Hashian, American rock drummer 1951 - Richard Hunt, American Muppet performer 1952 - Aleksandr Maksimenkov, Russian footballer and coach 1952 - Nelson Piquet, Brazilian race car driver and businessman 1952 - Mario Theissen, German engineer and businessman 1952 - Guillermo Vilas, Argentinian tennis player 1953 - Mick Malthouse, Australian footballer and coach 1953 - Herta Müller, Romanian-German poet and author, Nobel Prize laureate 1953 - Korrie Layun Rampan, Indonesian author, poet, and critic 1953 - Kevin Rowland, English singer-songwriter and guitarist 1954 - Eric Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1954 - Andrés Pastrana Arango, Colombian lawyer and politician, 38th President of Colombia 1955 - Colin Moulding, English singer-songwriter and bassist 1956 - Gail Berman, American businessman, co-founded BermanBraun 1956 - Álvaro Pino, Spanish cyclist 1957 - Ken Kwapis, American director and screenwriter 1957 - Laurence Overmire, American poet, author, and actor 1957 - Robin Cousins, British competitive figure skater 1958 - Belinda Carlisle, American singer-songwriter 1958 - Fred Goodwin, Scottish banker and accountant 1958 - Maurizio Sandro Sala, Brazilian race car driver 1959 - Jonathan Franzen, American novelist and essayist 1959 - Jacek Kazimierski, Polish footballer 1959 - Eric Schlosser, American journalist and author 1960 - Stephan Eicher, Swiss singer-songwriter 1960 - Sean Penn, American actor, director, and political activist 1962 - Gilby Clarke, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1962 - Dan Dakich, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster 1963 - Jon Gruden, American football player, coach, and sportscaster 1964 - Colin James, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1964 - Maria McKee, American singer-songwriter 1964 - Dave Penney, English footballer and manager 1965 - Steve Gorman, American drummer 1965 - Dottie Pepper, American golfer 1966 - Jüri Luik, Estonian politician and diplomat, 18th Estonian Minister of Defense 1966 - Rodney Mullen, American skateboarder and stuntman 1966 - Don Sweeney, Canadian ice hockey player and manager 1967 - Michael Preetz, German footballer and manager 1968 - Andriy Kuzmenko, Ukrainian singer-songwriter 1968 - Ed McCaffrey, American football player and sportscaster 1968 - Helen McCrory, English actress 1969 - Christian Laettner, American basketball player and coach 1969 - Donnie Wahlberg, American singer-songwriter, actor and producer 1969 - Kelvin Mercer, American rapper, songwriter and producer 1970 - Jim Courier, American tennis player and sportscaster 1970 - Andrus Kivirähk, Estonian author 1970 - Øyvind Leonhardsen, Norwegian footballer and coach 1971 - Uhm Jung-hwa, South Korean singer and actress 1971 - Jorge Posada, Puerto Rican-American baseball player 1971 - Shaun Rehn, Australian footballer and coach 1972 - Habibul Bashar, Bangladeshi cricketer 1974 - Johannes Maria Staud, Austrian composer 1976 - Eric Boulton, Canadian ice hockey player 1976 - Geertjan Lassche, Dutch journalist and director 1976 - Serhiy Zakarlyuka, Ukrainian footballer and manager 1977 - Nathan Deakes, Australian race walker 1977 - William Gallas, French footballer 1977 - Thierry Henry, French footballer 1977 - Mike Lewis, Welsh guitarist 1977 - Tarja Turunen, Finnish singer-songwriter and producer 1979 - Antwaan Randle El, American football player and journalist 1980 - Keith Dabengwa, Zimbabwean cricketer 1980 - Daniel Güiza, Spanish footballer 1980 - Jan Kromkamp, Dutch footballer 1980 - Lene Marlin, Norwegian singer-songwriter 1982 - Phil Jagielka, English footballer 1982 - Cheerleader Melissa, American wrestler and manager 1982 - Mark Salling, American actor and musician 1983 - Dustin Pedroia, American baseball player 1984 - Dee Brown, American basketball player 1984 - Oksana Domnina, Russian ice dancer 1984 - Liam Heath, British sprint canoeist 1984 - Garrett Wolfe, American football player 1985 - Yū Aoi, Japanese actress and model 1986 - Rudy Gay, American basketball player 1986 - Tyrus Thomas, American basketball player 1988 - Natalie Sandtorv, Norwegian singer-songwriter 1988 - Jihadi John, Kuwaiti-British member of ISIS 1988 - Erika Toda, Japanese actress 1989 - Rachel Corsie, Scottish footballer 1992 - Alex Elisala, New Zealand-Australian rugby player 1992 - Chanel Mata'utia, Australian rugby league player 1992 - Paige, English wrestler 1993 - Ederson Moraes, Brazilian footballer 1993 - Sarah Sjöström, Swedish swimmer 1994 - Phoebe Bridgers, American singer/songwriter 1995 - Gracie Gold, American figure skater 1995 - Dallin Watene-Zelezniak, New Zealand rugby league player 1996 - Jake Virtanen, Canadian ice hockey player 2000 - Lil Pump, American rapper and songwriter Deaths 754 - Carloman, mayor of the palace of Austrasia 949 - Li Shouzhen, Chinese general and governor 1153 - Eustace IV, Count of Boulogne 1304 - Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan 1324 - Irene of Brunswick 1338 - Nitta Yoshisada, Japanese samurai 1424 - John Stewart, Earl of Buchan 1510 - Edmund Dudley, English politician, Speaker of the House of Commons 1510 - Richard Empson, English statesman 1547 - Katharina von Zimmern, Swiss sovereign abbess 1673 - Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist 1676 - Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, German author 1720 - Anne Dacier, French scholar and translator 1723 - Joseph Bingham, English scholar and academic 1768 - Vasily Trediakovsky, Russian poet and playwright 1785 - Jonathan Trumbull, English-American merchant and politician, 16th Governor of Connecticut 1786 - Frederick the Great, Prussian king 1809 - Matthew Boulton, English businessman and engineer, co-founded Boulton and Watt 1814 - John Johnson, English architect and surveyor 1834 - Husein Gradaščević, Ottoman general 1838 - Lorenzo Da Ponte, Italian playwright and poet 1850 - José de San Martín, Argentinian general and politician, 1st President of Peru 1861 - Alcée Louis la Branche, American politician and diplomat, 1st United States Ambassador to Texas 1870 - Perucho Figueredo, Cuban poet and activist 1875 - Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist and anthropologist 1897 - William Jervois, English engineer and diplomat, 10th Governor of South Australia 1901 - Edmond Audran, French organist and composer 1903 - Hans Gude, Norwegian-German painter and academic 1908 - Radoje Domanović, Serbian satirist and journalist 1909 - Madan Lal Dhingra, Indian activist 1918 - Moisei Uritsky, Russian activist and politician 1920 - Ray Chapman, American baseball player 1924 - Tom Kendall, English-Australian cricketer and journalist 1925 - Ioan Slavici, Romanian journalist and author 1935 - Adam Gunn, American decathlete 1935 - Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American sociologist and author 1936 - José María of Manila, Spanish-Filipino priest and martyr 1940 - Billy Fiske, American soldier and pilot 1945 - Reidar Haaland, Norwegian police officer and soldier 1949 - Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino journalist, jurist, and politician 1958 - Arthur Fox, English-American fencer 1966 - Ken Miles, English race car driver and engineer 1969 - Otto Stern, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1970 - Rattana Pestonji, Thai director and producer 1971 - Maedayama Eigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 39th Yokozuna 1971 - Wilhelm List, German field marshal 1973 - Conrad Aiken, American novelist, short story writer, critic, and poet 1973 - Jean Barraqué, French pianist and composer 1973 - Paul Williams, American singer and choreographer 1977 - Delmer Daves, American screenwriter, director and producer 1979 - John C. Allen, American roller coaster designer 1979 - Vivian Vance, American actress and singer 1983 - Ira Gershwin, American songwriter 1987 - Gary Chester, Italian drummer and educator 1987 - Rudolf Hess, German soldier and politician 1987 - Shaike Ophir, Israeli actor and screenwriter 1988 - Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Pakistani general and politician, 6th President of Pakistan 1988 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., American lawyer and politician 1988 - Victoria Shaw, Australian-American actress 1990 - Pearl Bailey, American actress and singer 1993 - Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician and academic 1994 - Luigi Chinetti, Italian-American race car driver and businessman 1994 - Jack Sharkey, American boxer and referee 1995 - Howard E. Koch, American playwright and screenwriter 1995 - Ted Whitten, Australian footballer and coach 1998 - Władysław Komar, Polish shot putter and actor 1998 - Tadeusz Ślusarski, Polish pole vaulter 2000 - Jack Walker, English businessman 2004 - Thea Astley, Australian author and educator 2005 - John N. Bahcall, American astrophysicist and academic 2006 - Shamsur Rahman, Bangladeshi poet and journalist 2007 - Bill Deedes, English journalist and politician 2007 - Eddie Griffin, American basketball player 2008 - Franco Sensi, Italian businessman and politician 2010 - Francesco Cossiga, Italian lawyer and politician, 8th President of Italy 2012 - Aase Bjerkholt, Norwegian politician, Minister of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion 2012 - Victor Poor, American engineer, developed the Datapoint 2200 2012 - Patrick Ricard, French businessman 2012 - John Lynch-Staunton, Canadian lawyer and politician 2013 - Odilia Dank, American educator and politician 2013 - Jack Harshman, American baseball player 2013 - John Hollander, American poet and critic 2013 - Frank Martínez, American painter 2013 - Gus Winckel, Dutch lieutenant and pilot 2014 - Børre Knudsen, Norwegian minister and activist 2014 - Wolfgang Leonhard, German historian and author 2014 - Sophie Masloff, American civil servant and politician, 56th Mayor of Pittsburgh 2014 - Miodrag Pavlović, Serbian poet and critic 2014 - Pierre Vassiliu, French singer-songwriter 2015 - Yvonne Craig, American ballet dancer and actress 2015 - Gerhard Mayer-Vorfelder, German businessman 2015 - László Paskai, Hungarian cardinal 2016 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian actor, director, and producer Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Clare of the Cross *Donatus of Ripacandida *Hyacinth of Poland *Jacobo Kyushei Tomonaga *Jeanne Delanoue *Johann Gerhard *Mammes of Caesarea *Samuel Johnson, Timothy Cutler, and Thomas Bradbury Chandler *August 17 Engineer's Day Flag Day Independence Day, celebrates the independence proclamation of Indonesia from Japan in 1945. Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Gabon from France in 1960. Marcus Garvey Day Prekmurje Union Day San Martin Day
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