1912 in literature This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1912. Events January 5 – Konstantin Stanislavski and Edward Gordon Craig's seminal symbolist Moscow Art Theater production of Hamlet opens. January 21 – Joseph Conrad achieves his first popular success as the New York Herald begins serializing his novel Chance. He broke off with it in 1906, but bought the rights to the unfinished work in June 1911. Conrad continues to work on the book, while the first chapters appear weekly in the Herald. He completes it on March 26. March 3 – Frieda Weekley meets D. H. Lawrence in Nottingham. April 14–15 – The ocean liner strikes an iceberg and sinks on her maiden voyage from the United Kingdom to the United States. American mystery writer Jacques Futrelle, English journalist and publisher William Thomas Stead and American bibliophile Harry Elkins Widener are among over 1500 dead. A copy of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam in a jeweled binding by Sangorski & Sutcliffe is also lost. The event leads to a flood of poems, including Thomas Hardy's "The Convergence of the Twain". May 6 – Lie Kim Hok dies of typhus in Batavia, Dutch East Indies, aged 58. Lauw Giok Lan completes his translations from the Dutch of Hugo Hartmann's Dolores, de Verkochte Vrouw into Sundanese as Prampoean jang Terdjoewal and of Geneviève de Vadans as De Juffrouw van Gezelschap. June – Under the name I. G. Ofir, the Romanian poet Benjamin Fondane makes his publishing debut in the Iași magazine Floare Albastră, put out by A. L. Zissu. August 10 – Virginia Stephen marries Leonard Woolf at St Pancras Town Hall in London. They honeymoon in Provence, Spain and Italy before returning. September 21 – Harley Granville-Barker's production of Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale opens at the Savoy Theatre, London, with simplified scenery, ensemble acting and naturalistic verse-speaking. It is replaced in November by his production of Twelfth Night. October *Edgar Rice Burroughs' character Tarzan first appears in Tarzan of the Apes in the American pulp magazine The All-Story. *Sax Rohmer's character Fu Manchu first appears in "The Zayat Kiss" in the English pulp magazine Story-Teller, as the first installment of The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu. October 12 – Arthur Schnitzler's play La Ronde is first performed, in Budapest. It is also first translated into French this year. October 25 – The first issue of Simbolul is put out in Bucharest by Marcel Janco, Tristan Tzara and Ion Vinea. December? – A , the seminal text of Slap in the Face of Public Taste Russian Futurism, is published as a manifesto and a poetry almanac. Edited and written by David Burliuk, Viktor Khlebnikov, Aleksei Kruchenykh and Vladimir Mayakovsky, it attacks the tradition of Russian Symbolism, notably works by Leonid Andreyev, Konstantin Balmont, Alexander Blok and Ivan Bunin, and ridicules independents such as Maxim Gorky. Uncertain dates Texts of 13 Sanskrit dramas, perhaps from the first centuries BCE and probably by Bhāsa, are found by the scholar T. Ganapati Sastri in a palm-leaf codex in Kerala. Publication of the Loeb Classical Library, parallel text editions of the classics begins at the London publisher Heinemann. New books Fiction Mary Antin – The Promised Land Arnold Bennett – The Matador of the Five Towns E. F. Benson – Mrs. Ames Rhoda Broughton – Between Two Stools Mary Grant Bruce – Mates at Billabong Ivan Bunin – Dry Valley Willa Cather – Alexander's Bridge Joseph Conrad – The Secret Sharer Grazia Deledda – Colombi e sparvieri Ethel M. Dell * Greatheart * The Way of an Eagle Sir Arthur Conan Doyle – The Lost World Theodore Dreiser – The Financier Lord Dunsany – The Book of Wonder Edna Ferber – Buttered Side Down Anatole France – Les Dieux ont soif R. Austin Freeman * The Mystery of 31 New Inn * The Singing Bone Kahlil Gibran – The Broken Wings Elinor Glyn * Halcyone * Love Itself * The Reasons Why Sarah Grand – Adam's Orchard Zane Grey – Riders of the Purple Sage Knut Hamsun – The Last Joy Gerhart Hauptmann – Atlantis Felix Hollaender – The Oath of Stephan Huller Annie Fellows Johnston – Mary Ware's Promised Land James Weldon Johnson – The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man Franz Kafka * Contemplation * The Judgement Ada Leverson – Tenterhooks D. H. Lawrence – The Trespasser Stephen Leacock – Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town Sinclair Lewis – Hike and the Aeroplane :lt:Julijonas Lindė-Dobilas|Julijonas Lindė-Dobilas – Blūdas; arba Lietuva buvusios Rusijos revoliucijos mete Marie Belloc Lowndes – The Chink in the Armour Oskar Luts – Kevade John MacCormick – Dùn Aluinn Compton Mackenzie – Carnival Thomas Mann – Death in Venice Katherine Mansfield – "How Pearl Button Was Kidnapped" Richard Barham Middleton – The Ghost Ship and Other Stories E. Phillips Oppenheim * The Lighted Way * The Tempting of Tavernake Baroness Orczy * The Traitor * The Good Patriots * Fire in Stubble * Meadowsweet Eleanor H. Porter – Miss Billy's Decision Forrest Reid – Following Darkness Willie Riley – Windyridge Saki – The Unbearable Bassington Henryk Sienkiewicz – In Desert and Wilderness Hjalmar Söderberg – The Serious Game James Stephens – The Crock of Gold Sui Sin Far – Mrs. Spring Fragrance Leo Tolstoy – Hadji Murat Edgar Wallace – Private Selby Hugh Walpole – The Prelude to Adventure H. G. Wells – Marriage Percy F. Westerman * Captured at Tripoli * The Flying Submarine * The Quest of the Golden Hope * The Sea Monarch Edith Wharton – The Reef P. G. Wodehouse – The Prince and Betty Stefan Żeromski – The Faithful River Children and young people L. Frank Baum * Sky Island * Phoebe Daring * Aunt Jane's Nieces on Vacation * The Flying Girl and Her Chum Gerdt von Bassewitz * Little Peter's Journey to the Moon Waldemar Bonsels * Die Biene Maja und ihre Abenteuer Edgar Rice Burroughs * Tarzan of the Apes * A Princess of Mars Jack London * A Son of the Sun * The Scarlet Plague Lucy Maud Montgomery – Chronicles of Avonlea E. Nesbit – The Magic World Beatrix Potter – The Tale of Mr. Tod Jean Webster – Daddy-Long-Legs Drama Arnold Bennett – Milestones Paul Claudel – :fr:L'Annonce faite à Marie|L'Annonce faite à Marie George Diamandy – Rațiunea de stat Dietrich Eckart – adaptation of Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt Louis Esson – The Time Is Not Yet Ripe Hugo von Hofmannsthal – Everyman, adapted as Jedermann Heinrich Mann – Die grosse Liebe J. Hartley Manners – Peg o' My Heart Louis N. Parker – Drake of England Arthur Schnitzler – Professor Bernhardi George Bernard Shaw – Pygmalion G. K. Sowerby – Rutherford and Son Bayard Veiller – Within the Law Poetry Anna Akhmatova – Vecher Edwin James Brady * Bells and Hobbles * The King's Caravan Georgian Poetry 1911–12 David Burliuk, Aleksei Kruchenykh, Vladimir Mayakovsky and Velimir Khlebnikov – A Slap in the Face of Public Taste Pauline Johnson – Flint and Feather Amy Lowell – A Dome of Many-Coloured Glass Rabindranath Tagore – Gitanjali Non-fiction Hilaire Belloc – The Servile State Arnold Bennett – Those United States Alexander Berkman – Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist David Burliuk, Viktor Khlebnikov, Aleksei Kruchenykh, Vladimir Mayakovsky – A Slap in the Face of Public Taste Aleister Crowley – Magick Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger – Du "Cubisme" Henry H. Goddard – The Kallikak Family Carl Jung – Psychology of the Unconscious Frigyes Karinthy – Így írtok ti Pierre Loti – Un Pèlerin d'Angkor Donald Lowrie – My Life in Prison Dumitru C. Moruzi – Pribegi în țară răpită John Muir – The Yosemite P. D. Ouspensky – Tertium Organum Bertrand Russell – The Problems of Philosophy Ernst Troeltsch – Die Soziallehren der christlichen Kirchen und Gruppen Births January 7 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist January 28 – Alison Adburgham, English social historian and journalist January 30 – Barbara Tuchman, American historian February 10 – Ena Lamont Stewart, Scottish playwright February 11 – Roy Fuller, English poet and novelist February 12 – R. F. Delderfield, English novelist and playwright February 15 – George Mikes, Hungarian-born English humorist February 17 – Andre Norton, American sci-fi and fantasy author February 20 – Pierre Boulle, French novelist February 27 – Lawrence Durrell, English poet and novelist March 7 – Dora Oake Russell, Newfoundland writer, diarist and journalist March 12 – Kylie Tennant, Australian novelist, dramatist and historian April 16 – Garth Williams, American children's writer and illustrator May 3 – May Sarton, American writer May 16 – Studs Terkel, American writer and broadcaster May 20 – J. L. Carr, English novelist and publisher May 27 – John Cheever, American writer May 29 – Pamela Hansford Johnson, English poet, novelist and critic June 20 – Anthony Buckeridge, English children's author June 24 – Mary Wesley, English novelist June 27 – E. R. Braithwaite, Guyanese-born novelist, teacher and diplomat June 29 – John Toland, American Pulitzer Prize winning historian and biographer July 3 – Elizabeth Taylor, English novelist July 6 – Heinrich Harrer, Austrian explorer and author July 14 – Northrop Frye, Canadian critic July 17 – Michael Gilbert, English mystery and thriller novelist August 4 – Virgilio Piñera, Cuban poet and short-story writer August 10 – Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer August 14 – Erwin Strittmatter, German writer August 18 – Elsa Morante, Italian author August 23 – Nelson Rodrigues, Brazilian author c. September 5 – Sesto Pals, Romanian Israeli poet and philosopher September 12 – J. F. Hendry, Scottish-born poet September 24 – Ian Serraillier, English novelist and poet October 31 – Oscar Dystel, American paperback publisher November 8 – Monica Edwards, English children's author November 12 – Donagh MacDonagh, Irish poet, playwright and judge November 24 – Garson Kanin, American dramatist and screenwriter November 25 – Francis Durbridge, English dramatist November 26 – Eugène Ionesco, Romanian Absurdist playwright December 4 – Ian Wallace, English science fiction writer Uncertain date Celia Dale, English fiction writer and book reviewer Deaths January 7 – Sophia Jex-Blake, English medical writer and pioneer female physician January 24 – James Allen, English self-help writer and poet January 27 – Alexandre Bisson, French playwright, vaudeville creator, and novelist January 28 – Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist February 7 – Edward Wilmot Blyden, Liberian pan-Africanist and President February 8 – Girish Chandra Ghosh, Bengali poet, playwright and novelist March 1 – George Grossmith, English comic singer and writer April 6 – Giovanni Pascoli, Italian poet April 10 – Gabriel Monod, French historian April 15 – In the wreck of *Jacques Futrelle, American author *William Thomas Stead, English journalist April 20 – Bram Stoker, Irish novelist and theater manager May 5 – Rafael Pombo, Colombian mathematician and poet May 14 – August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist May 19 – Bolesław Prus, Polish novelist June 13 – Alice Diehl, English novelist and concert pianist July 20 – Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist and critic July 24 – Addison Peale Russell, American essayist August 13 – Horace Howard Furness, American Shakespeare scholar August 29 – Theodor Gomperz, Austrian philosopher September 5 – Bertha Jane Grundy, English novelist September 9 – Berta Behrens, German novelist October 21 – Robert Barr, Scottish Canadian short story writer and novelist December 9 – Louis de Gramont, French journalist, dramatist and librettist December 19 – Mir Mosharraf Hossain, Bengali novelist, playwright and essayist Uncertain date
Dharmavaram Ramakrishnamacharyulu, Telugu dramatist Awards Nobel Prize for Literature: Gerhart Hauptmann In literature Eugene O'Neill's drama The Iceman Cometh and J. B. Priestley's An Inspector Calls are set in this year.
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