October 22 Events
451 - The Chalcedonian Creed, regarding the divine and human nature of Jesus, is adopted. 794 - Emperor Kanmu relocates the Japanese capital to Heian-kyō. 906 - Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh leads a raid against the Byzantine Empire, taking 4,000–5,000 captives. 1383 - King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne, sparking a period of civil war and disorder. 1575 - Foundation of Aguascalientes City in New Spain. 1633 - The Ming dynasty defeats the Dutch East India Company. 1707 - Four British naval vessels run aground on the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. In response, the first Longitude Act is enacted in 1714. 1721 - Russian Empire is proclaimed by Tsar Peter I after the Swedish defeat in the Great Northern War. 1730 - Construction of the Ladoga Canal is completed. 1746 - The College of New Jersey receives its charter. 1777 - American Revolutionary War: American defenders of Fort Mercer on the Delaware River repulse repeated Hessian attacks in the Battle of Red Bank. 1784 - Russia founds a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska. 1790 - Northwest Indian War: Native American forces defeat the United States in the Harmar Campaign. 1797 - André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump, from one thousand meters above Paris. 1836 - Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas. 1844 - Millerites, followers of Baptist preacher William Miller anticipate the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment. 1859 - Spain declares war on Morocco. 1866 - A plebiscite ratifies the annexion of Veneto and Mantua to Italy, which had occurred three days before, on October 19. 1875 - First telegraphic connection in Argentina. 1877 - The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. 1878 - The Bramall Lane stadium sees the first rugby match played under floodlights. 1879 - Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric incandescent light bulb. 1883 - Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram, Vienna, Austria, first electric tram powered by overhead wire. 1883 - The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod's Faust. 1884 - The International Meridian Conference designates the Royal Observatory, Greenwich as the world's prime meridian. 1895 - In Paris an express train derails after overrunning the buffer stop, crossing almost of concourse before crashing through a wall and falling to the road below. 1907 - A run on the stock of the Knickerbocker Trust Company sets events in motion that will spark the Panic of 1907. 1910 - Hawley Harvey Crippen is convicted of poisoning his wife. 1923 - The royalist Leonardopoulos–Gargalidis coup d'état attempt fails in Greece, discrediting the monarchy and paving the way for the establishment of the Second Hellenic Republic. 1928 - Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico. 1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, FBI agents shoot and kill notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd. 1941 - World War II: French resistance member Guy Môquet and 29 other hostages are executed by the Germans in retaliation for the death of a German officer. 1943 - World War II: In the Second firestorm raid on Germany, the RAF conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless. 1946 - Operation Osoaviakhim takes place, recruiting of thousands of military-related technical specialists from the Soviet occupation zone of post–World War II Germany for employment in the Soviet Union. 1947 - The Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan begins, having started just after the partition of India. 1957 - Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam. 1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis: President Kennedy, after internal counsel from Dwight D. Eisenhower, announces that American reconnaissance planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval "quarantine" of the Communist nation. 1963 - A BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes in UK with the loss of all on board. 1964 - Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, but turns down the honor. 1964 - An all-party Parliamentary Committee selects the design which will become the new official flag of Canada. 1966 - The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album. 1966 - The Soviet Union launches Luna 12. 1968 - Apollo program: Apollo 7 safely splashes down in the Atlantic Ocean after orbiting the Earth 163 times. 1975 - The Soviet unmanned space mission Venera 9 lands on Venus. 1976 - Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. 1981 - The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its strike the previous August. 1983 - Two correctional officers are killed by inmates at the United States Penitentiary in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspires the Supermax model of prisons. 1992 - Subaru Impreza is announced. 1999 - Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity. 2001 - Grand Theft Auto III is released, popularizing a genre of open-world, action-adventure video games, as well as spurring controversy around violence in video games. 2005 - Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms. 2005 - Bellview Airlines Flight 210 crashes in Nigeria, killing all 117 people on board. 2006 - A Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum. 2007 - A raid on Anuradhapura Air Force Base is carried out by 21 Tamil Tiger commandos. All except one die in this attack. Eight Sri Lanka Air Force planes are destroyed and 10 damaged. 2008 - India launches its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1. 2013 - The Australian Capital Territory becomes the first Australian jurisdiction to legalize same-sex marriage with the Marriage Equality Act 2013. 2014 - Michael Zehaf-Bibeau attacks the Parliament of Canada, killing a soldier and injuring three other people. 2019 - Same-sex marriage is legalised, and abortion is decriminalised in Northern Ireland as a result of the Northern Ireland Assembly not being restored. Births 955 - Qian Weijun, king of Wuyue 1071 - William IX, Duke of Aquitaine 1197 - Juntoku, Japanese emperor 1511 - Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician 1559 - Jacques Sirmond, French scholar. 1587 - Joachim Jungius, German mathematician and philosopher. 1592 - Gustav Horn, Count of Pori 1659 - Georg Ernst Stahl, German chemist and physician 1689 - John V, Portuguese king 1701 - Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress 1729 - Johann Reinhold Forster, German pastor and botanist 1761 - Antoine Barnave, French politician and orator. 1749 - Cornelis van der Aa, Dutch historian and bookseller 1778 - Javier de Burgos, Spanish jurist and politician 1781 - Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France. 1783 - Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, Ottoman-French polymath and naturalist. 1809 - Volney Howard, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, Texas Attorney General 1811 - Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer 1818 - Leconte de Lisle, French poet and author 1821 - Collis Potter Huntington, American businessman 1821 - Karol Mikuli, Ukrainian-Polish pianist, composer, and conductor 1832 - August Labitzky, Czech composer and conductor 1844 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress and manager 1844 - Louis Riel, Canadian scholar and politician 1847 - Koos de la Rey, South African general 1850 - Charles Kingston, Australian politician, 20th Premier of South Australia 1858 - Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein 1859 - Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria. 1865 - Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter and illustrator 1870 - Ivan Bunin, Russian author and poet, Nobel Prize laureate 1870 - Lord Alfred Douglas, English author and poet 1873 - Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finnish linguist and diplomat 1873 - Rama Tirtha, Indian philosopher and educator 1875 - David van Embden, Dutch economist and politician 1878 - Jaan Lattik, Estonian pastor and politician, 9th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs 1881 - Clinton Davisson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1881 - Karl Bernhard Zoeppritz, German geophysicist and seismologist 1882 - Edmund Dulac, French-English illustrator 1882 - N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator 1885 - Giovanni Martinelli, Italian tenor and actor 1886 - Erik Bergman, Swedish minister 1887 - John Reed, American journalist and poet 1893 - Ernst Öpik, Estonian astronomer and astrophysicist 1893 - Luis Otero, Spanish footballer. 1894 - Mei Lanfang, Chinese actor and singer 1895 - Johnny Morrison, professional baseball player 1896 - Charles Glen King, American biochemist and academic 1896 - José Leitão de Barros, Portuguese film director and playwright. 1897 - Marjorie Flack, American author and illustrator 1898 - Dámaso Alonso, Spanish poet and philologist. 1899 - Salarrué, Salvadoran writer and painter. 1900 - Ashfaqulla Khan, Indian activist 1903 - George Wells Beadle, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1903 - Curly Howard, American comedian and vaudevillian 1904 - Constance Bennett, American actress, singer, and producer 1904 - Saúl Calandra, Argentine football player. 1904 - Karl Guthe Jansky, American physicist and radio engineer. 1905 - Joseph Kosma, Hungarian-French pianist and composer 1906 - Kees van Baaren, Dutch composer and educator 1906 - Aurelio Baldor, Cuban mathematician and lawyer. 1907 - Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player, coach, and manager 1907 - Günther Treptow, German tenor. 1908 - John Gould, American journalist and author. 1908 - José Escobar Saliente, Spanish cartoonist. 1912 - George N. Leighton, American soldier and judge 1913 - Robert Capa, Hungarian-American photographer and journalist 1913 - Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor 1913 - Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss lawyer and politician, 63rd President of the Swiss Confederation 1915 - Yitzhak Shamir, Belarusian-Israeli civil servant and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Israel 1917 - Joan Fontaine, British-American actress 1918 - Lou Klein, American baseball player, coach, and manager 1919 - Kathleen Ankers, English-American actress and set designer 1919 - Doris Lessing, British novelist, poet, playwright, Nobel Prize laureate 1920 - Timothy Leary, American psychologist and author 1921 - Georges Brassens, French singer-songwriter and guitarist 1921 - Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician and computer scientist 1921 - Harald Nugiseks, Estonian sergeant 1923 - Bert Trautmann, German footballer and manager 1925 - Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach 1925 - Edith Kawelohea McKinzie, Hawaiian genealogist, author, and hula expert 1925 - Robert Rauschenberg, American painter and illustrator 1927 - Allan Hendrickse, South African minister and politician 1928 - Clare Fischer, American pianist, composer and arranger 1928 - Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Brazilian director, producer, and screenwriter 1929 - Michael Birkett, 2nd Baron Birkett, English director and producer 1929 - Dory Previn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1929 - Lev Yashin, Russian footballer 1930 - Estela de Carlotto, Argentine human rights activist 1930 - José Guardiola, Spanish singer 1931 - Ann Rule, American police officer and author 1933 - Carlos Alberto Sacheri, Argentine philosopher 1933 - Helmut Senekowitsch, Austrian footballer and manager 1934 - Donald McIntyre, New Zealand opera singer 1936 - John Blashford-Snell, English soldier, author, and explorer 1936 - Peter Cook, English architect and academic 1936 - Jovan Pavlović, Serbian metropolitan 1937 - José Larralde, Argentine singer-songwriter 1937 - Manos Loïzos, Egyptian-Greek composer 1938 - K. Indrapala, Sri Lankan historian and academic 1938 - Derek Jacobi, English actor 1938 - Christopher Lloyd, American actor, comedian and producer 1939 - Joaquim Chissano, Mozambican politician, 2nd President of Mozambique 1939 - George Cohen, English footballer 1939 - Jean-Pierre Desthuilliers, French poet and critic 1939 - Tony Roberts, American actor and singer 1941 - Ahmet Mete Işıkara, Turkish geophysicist and earthquake scientist 1941 - Charles Keating, English-American actor 1942 - Bobby Fuller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1942 - Annette Funicello, American actress and singer 1943 - Allen Coage, American-Canadian wrestler and coach 1943 - Catherine E. Coulson, American actress 1943 - Jan de Bont, Dutch director, producer, and cinematographer 1943 - Catherine Deneuve, French actress and singer 1943 - Seif Sharif Hamad, Zanzibari politician, 2nd Chief Minister of Zanzibar 1945 - Eddie Brigati, American singer-songwriter 1945 - Yvan Ponton, Canadian actor and game show host 1945 - Buzz Potamkin, American director and producer, founded Buzzco Associates 1945 - Sheila Sherwood, English long jumper 1945 - Michael Stoute, Barbadian-English horse trainer 1945 - Leslie West, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1946 - Claude Charron, Canadian educator and politician 1946 - Godfrey Chitalu, Zambian footballer 1946 - Deepak Chopra, Indian-American physician and author 1946 - Elizabeth Connell, South African mezzo-soprano 1946 - Kelvin MacKenzie, English journalist 1946 - Jaime Nebot, Ecuadorian politician 1947 - Raymond Bachand, Canadian lawyer and politician 1947 - Haley Barbour, American lawyer and politician, 62nd Governor of Mississippi 1948 - Mike Hendrick, English cricketer, coach, and umpire 1948 - Pierre Lartigue, French rally driver 1948 - Debbie Macomber, American author 1949 - Stiv Bators, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor 1949 - Vasilios Magginas, Greek politician, Greek Minister of Employment 1949 - Manfred Trojahn, German flute player, composer, and conductor 1949 - Arsène Wenger, French footballer and manager 1950 - Donald Ramotar, Guyanese politician, 8th President of Guyana 1952 - Julie Dash, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1952 - Jeff Goldblum, American actor and producer 1952 - Greg Hawkes, American musician 1953 - René Arce Islas, Mexican politician 1954 - Graham Joyce, English author and educator 1956 - John Adam, Australian rugby league player 1956 - Frank DiPino, American baseball player and coach 1956 - Alejandro Kuropatwa, Argentine photographer 1957 - Henry Lauterbach, German jumper 1957 - Daniel Melingo, Argentine musician 1958 - Bobby Blotzer, American drummer 1959 - Roberto Navarro, Argentine journalist 1959 - Arto Salminen, Finnish journalist and author 1959 - Marc Shaiman, American composer and songwriter 1960 - Darryl Jenifer, American bass player 1960 - Cris Kirkwood, American singer-songwriter and bass player 1961 - Takaaki Ishibashi, Japanese comedian, singer, and actor 1961 - Barbara Potter, American tennis player 1962 - Bob Odenkirk, American actor and comedian 1963 - Brian Boitano, American figure skater 1964 - Mick Hill, English javelin thrower and coach 1964 - Craig Levein, Scottish footballer 1964 - Dražen Petrović, Croatian basketball player 1964 - TobyMac, American singer-songwriter and producer 1965 - Valeria Golino, Italian actress 1965 - John Wesley Harding, English singer-songwriter and guitarist 1965 - A. L. Kennedy, Scottish comedian, journalist, and author 1965 - Otis Smith, American football player and coach 1965 - Piotr Wiwczarek, Polish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1966 - Yuri Arbachakov, Russian-Japanese boxer 1967 - Salvatore Di Vittorio, Italian composer and conductor 1967 - Rita Guerra, Portuguese singer 1967 - Oona King, Baroness King of Bow, English academic and politician 1967 - Ulrike Maier, Austrian skier 1967 - Carlos Mencia, Honduran-American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter 1967 - Ron Tugnutt, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster 1968 - Stephanie Cutter, American lawyer and political consultant 1968 - Jay Johnston, American actor, producer, and screenwriter 1968 - Shelby Lynne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1968 - Stéphane Quintal, Canadian ice hockey player 1968 - Shaggy, Jamaican singer-songwriter and DJ 1969 - Julio Borges, Venezuelan politician 1969 - Héctor Carrasco, Dominican baseball player 1969 - Spike Jonze, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1969 - Helmut Lotti, Belgian singer-songwriter 1969 - Coque Malla, Spanish musician and actor 1970 - Winston Bogarde, Dutch footballer and manager 1970 - Amy Redford, American actress, director, and producer 1971 - Amanda Coetzer, South African tennis player 1971 - Kornél Dávid, Hungarian basketball player 1971 - José Manuel Martínez, Spanish runner 1971 - Jennifer Lee, American screenwriter, director, Chief Creative Officer of Walt Disney Animation Studios 1972 - D'Lo Brown, American wrestler and accountant 1972 - Saffron Burrows, English-American actress 1972 - Víctor Saldaño, the only Argentine man sentenced to death in the US 1973 - Andrés Palop, Spanish footballer and manager 1973 - Ichiro Suzuki, Japanese baseball player 1973 - Mark van der Zijden, Dutch swimmer 1974 - Tim Kinsella, American singer-songwriter 1974 - Jeff McInnis, American basketball player 1974 - Miroslav Šatan, Slovak ice hockey player 1975 - Martín Cardetti, Argentinian footballer and manager 1975 - Jesse Tyler Ferguson, American actor 1975 - Míchel Salgado, Spanish footballer 1976 - Luke Adams, Australian race walker 1976 - Laidback Luke, Dutch DJ 1976 - Jon Foreman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1978 - Dion Glover, American basketball player and coach 1978 - Chaswe Nsofwa, Zambian footballer 1978 - Owais Shah, Pakistani-English cricketer 1979 - Doni, Brazilian footballer 1980 - Niall Breslin, Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and footballer 1980 - Luke O'Donnell, Australian rugby league player 1980 - Sonia Sui, Taiwanese model and actress 1981 - Michael Fishman, American actor and producer 1981 - Olivier Pla, French racing driver 1982 - Robinson Canó, Dominican baseball player 1982 - Tim Erfen, German footballer 1982 - Heath Miller, American football player 1982 - Mark Renshaw, Australian cyclist 1983 - Byul, South Korean singer 1983 - Anton Müller, German footballer 1983 - Plan B, British singer and actor 1984 - Horacio Agulla, Argentine rugby player 1984 - Aleks Marić, Australian basketball player 1985 - Federico Ágreda, Venezuelan musician 1985 - Hadise, Belgian-Turkish singer-songwriter and dancer 1985 - Zac Hanson, American singer-songwriter and drummer 1986 - Kenji Ebisawa, Japanese actor 1986 - Kara Lang, Canadian footballer 1986 - Ștefan Radu, Romanian footballer 1986 - Akihiro Sato, Japanese footballer 1987 - Tiki Gelana, Ethiopian runner 1987 - Donny Montell, Lithuanian singer-songwriter 1987 - Park Ha-sun, South Korean actress 1987 - Reen Yu, Taiwanese actress 1988 - Sarah Barrow, English diver 1988 - Parineeti Chopra, Indian actress 1988 - Elena Muhhina, Estonian figure skater 1988 - Aykut Demir, Turkish footballer 1989 - Marco Restrepo, American musician 1989 - Muhammad Wilkerson, American football player 1990 - Nicolás Francella, Argentine actor 1990 - Jonathan Lipnicki, American actor 1992 - Sofia Vassilieva, American actress 1992 - 21 Savage, American hip-hop artist 1992 - Carrie Hope Fletcher, British singer 1993 - Charalambos Lykogiannis, Greek footballer 1995 - Saidy Janko, Swiss footballer 1996 - B.I, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer 1996 - Johannes Høsflot Klæbo, Norwegian ski runner Deaths 726 - Itzamnaaj K'awiil, a Maya ruler of Dos Pilas 741 - Charles Martel, Frankish king 842 - Abo, Japanese prince 1383 - Ferdinand I of Portugal 1455 - Johannes Brassart, Flemish composer 1493 - James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton 1521 - Edward Poynings, Lord Deputy to King Henry VII of England 1565 - Jean Grolier de Servières, French book collector 1604 - Domingo Báñez, Spanish theologian 1625 - Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese daimyō 1708 - Hermann Witsius, Dutch theologian and academic 1751 - William IV, Prince of Orange 1761 - Louis George, Margrave of Baden-Baden 1755 - Elisha Williams, American minister, academic, and jurist 1792 - Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer 1847 - Sahle Selassie, Ethiopian ruler 1853 - Juan Antonio Lavalleja, Uruguayan general and politician, President of Uruguay 1859 - Louis Spohr, German violinist and composer 1883 - George Coulthard, Australian cricketer and footballer 1883 - Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American soldier and author 1885 - Lewis Majendie, English politician 1891 - Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist and physician 1902 - Herman Adolfovich Trautschold, German geologist and paleontologist 1906 - Paul Cézanne, French painter 1914 - Konishiki Yasokichi I, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 17th Yokozuna 1917 - Bob Fitzsimmons, English-American boxer 1917 - Charles Pardey Lukis, founder of the Indian and later Director-General of the Indian Medical Service Journal of Medical Research 1927 - Borisav Stanković, Serbian author 1928 - Andrew Fisher, Scottish-Australian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Australia 1934 - Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster 1935 - Edward Carson, Irish-English lawyer and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales 1935 - Ettore Marchiafava, Italian physician 1941 - Guy Môquet, French militant 1952 - Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist 1954 - Jibanananda Das, Bangladeshi-Indian author and poet 1956 - Hannah Mitchell, English activist 1959 - George Bouzianis, Greek painter and educator 1959 - Joseph Cahill, Australian politician, 29th Premier of New South Wales 1965 - Muriel George, English singer and actress 1969 - Tommy Edwards, American singer-songwriter 1972 - James K. Baxter, New Zealand poet, writer, theologian, and social commentator. 1973 - Pablo Casals, Catalan cellist and conductor 1979 - Nadia Boulanger, French composer and educator 1979 - Mieko Kamiya, Japanese psychiatrist and author 1982 - Richard Hugo, American poet 1985 - Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian soprano and educator 1986 - Jane Dornacker, American actress and singer 1986 - Thorgeir Stubø, Norwegian guitarist and composer 1986 - Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician, Head of State of the People's Republic of China 1986 - Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian-American physiologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate 1987 - Lino Ventura, Italian-French actor 1988 - Cynthia Freeman, American author 1989 - Ewan MacColl, English singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and playwright 1989 - Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim 1990 - Louis Althusser, Algerian-French philosopher and academic 1991 - Hachiro Kasuga, Japanese singer and actor 1992 - Red Barber, American sportscaster 1992 - Cleavon Little, American actor 1993 - Innes Ireland, English racing driver and engineer 1995 - Kingsley Amis, English novelist, poet, critic 1995 - Mary Wickes, American actress and singer 1997 - Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator, director, and screenwriter 1998 - Eric Ambler, English author, screenwriter, and producer 2001 - Helmut Krackowizer, Austrian motorcycle racer and journalist 2002 - Richard Helms, American intelligence agent and diplomat, 8th Director of Central Intelligence 2002 - Geraldine of Albania 2005 - Arman, French-American painter and sculptor 2005 - Tony Adams, Irish-American actor and producer 2006 - Arthur Hill, Canadian-American actor 2007 - Ève Curie, French pianist and journalist 2009 - Don Lane, American-Australian actor, singer, and talk show host 2009 - Soupy Sales, American comedian and actor 2010 - Eio Sakata, Japanese Go player 2011 - Sultan bin Abdulaziz, Saudi Arabian prince 2012 - Betty Binns Fletcher, American lawyer and judge 2012 - Mike Morris, English talk show host 2012 - Gabrielle Roth, American dancer, singer, and author 2013 - Marylou Dawes, Canadian pianist and educator 2013 - Lajos Für, Hungarian historian and politician, Minister of Defence of Hungary 2013 - William Harrison, American author and screenwriter 2013 - James Robinson Risner, American general and pilot 2014 - George Francis, English footballer and soldier 2014 - John-Roger Hinkins, American religious leader and author 2014 - Ashok Kumar, Indian director and cinematographer 2014 - John Postgate, English microbiologist, author, and academic 2015 - Willem Aantjes, Dutch civil servant and politician 2015 - Çetin Altan, Turkish journalist and politician 2015 - Murphy Anderson, American illustrator 2015 - Arnold Klein, American dermatologist and author 2015 - Joshua Wheeler, American sergeant 2016 - Steve Dillon, British comic book artist 2016 - Sheri S. Tepper, American writer 2017 - George Young, British-Australian musician, songwriter and record producer 2017 - Paul Weitz, American astronaut Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Aaron the Illustrious *Abercius of Hieropolis *Bertharius *Cordula *Donatus of Fiesole *Marcus of Jerusalem *Mary Salome *Mellonius of Rouen *Nunilo and Alodia *Pope John Paul II *Theodoret of Antioch *October 22 Earliest day on which Labour Day can fall, while October 28 is the latest; celebrated on the fourth Monday in October Fechner Day International Stuttering Awareness Day Jidai Matsuri National Santri Day Wombat Day
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