September 8 Events published an pamphlet entitled " 617 - Battle of Huoyi: Li Yuan defeats a Sui dynasty army, opening the path to his capture of the imperial capital Chang'an and the eventual establishment of the Tang dynasty. 1100 - Election of Antipope Theodoric. 1198 - Philip of Swabia, Prince of Hohenstaufen, is crowned King of Germany 1253 - Pope Innocent IV canonises Stanislaus of Szczepanów, killed by king Bolesław II. 1264 - The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Bolesław the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland. 1276 - Pope John XXI is chosen. 1331 - Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia. 1380 - Battle of Kulikovo: Russian forces defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance. 1504 - Michelangelo's David is unveiled in Piazza della Signoria in Florence. 1514 - Battle of Orsha: In one of the biggest battles of the century, Lithuanians and Poles defeat the Russian army. 1522 - Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation: Victoria arrives at Seville, technically completing the first circumnavigation. 1551 - The foundation day in Vitória, Brazil. 1565 - St. Augustine, Florida is founded by Spanish admiral and Florida's first governor, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés. 1565 - The Knights of Malta lift the Ottoman siege of Malta that began on May 18. 1612 - The foundation day in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. 1655 - Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge, making it the first time the city is captured by a foreign army. 1727 - A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children. 1755 - French and Indian War: Battle of Lake George. 1756 - French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition. 1761 - Marriage of King George III of the United Kingdom to Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. 1775 - The unsuccessful Rising of the Priests in Malta. 1781 - American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Eutaw Springs in South Carolina, the war's last significant battle in the Southern theater, ends in a narrow British tactical victory. 1793 - French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Hondschoote. 1796 - French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Bassano: French forces defeat Austrian troops at Bassano del Grappa. 1810 - The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor's newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrives at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor's men establish the fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon. 1831 - William IV and Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 1831 - November uprising: The Battle of Warsaw effectively ends the Polish insurrection. 1860 - The steamship sinks on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 300 lives. 1862 - Millennium of Russia monument is unveiled in Novgorod. 1863 - American Civil War: In the Second Battle of Sabine Pass, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of Texas. 1883 - The Northern Pacific Railway was completed in a ceremony at Gold Creek, Montana. Former president Ulysses S. Grant drove in the final "golden spike" in an event attended by rail and political luminaries. 1888 - Isaac Peral's submarine is first tested. 1888 - In London, the body of Jack the Ripper's second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found. 1888 - In England, the first six Football League matches are played. 1892 - The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited. 1900 - Galveston hurricane: A powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000 people. 1905 - The 7.2 Calabria earthquake shakes southern Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI, killing between 557 and 2,500 people. 1914 - World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war. 1916 - In a bid to prove that women were capable of serving as military dispatch riders, Augusta and Adeline Van Buren arrive in Los Angeles, completing a 60-day, 5,500 mile cross-country trip on motorcycles. 1921 - Margaret Gorman, a 16-year-old, wins the Atlantic City Pageant's Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dubbed her the first Miss America. 1923 - Honda Point disaster: Nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost, and twenty-three sailors killed. 1925 - Rif War: Spanish forces including troops from the Foreign Legion under Colonel Francisco Franco landing at Al Hoceima, Morocco. 1926 - Germany is admitted to the League of Nations. 1930 - 3M begins marketing Scotch transparent tape. 1933 - Ghazi bin Faisal became King of Iraq. 1934 - Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner kills 137 people. 1935 - US Senator from Louisiana Huey Long is fatally shot in the Louisiana State Capitol building. 1941 - World War II: German forces begin the Siege of Leningrad. 1943 - World War II: The O.B.S. is attacked in an air raid on Frascati. 1943 - World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the armistice with Italy. 1944 - World War II: London is hit by a V-2 rocket for the first time. 1945 - The division of Korea begins when United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier. 1946 - The referendum abolishes the monarchy in Bulgaria. 1952 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation makes its first televised broadcast on the second escape of the Boyd Gang. 1954 - The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization is established. 1960 - In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center. 1962 - Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, BR Standard Class 9F 92220 Evening Star. 1966 - The landmark American science fiction television series premieres with its first-aired episode, "The Man Trap". 1970 - Trans International Airlines Flight 863 crashes during takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, killing all 11 aboard. 1971 - In Washington, D.C., the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is inaugurated, with the opening feature being the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's Mass. 1974 - Watergate scandal: US President Gerald Ford signs the pardon of Richard Nixon for any crimes Nixon may have committed while in office. 1975 - Gays in the military: US Air Force Tech Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, appears in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline "I Am A Homosexual". He is given a general discharge, later upgraded to honorable. 1978 - Black Friday, a massacre by soldiers against protesters in Tehran, results in 700–3000 deaths, it marks the beginning of the end of the monarchy in Iran. 1988 - Yellowstone National Park is closed for the first time in U.S. history due to ongoing fires. 1989 - Partnair Flight 394 dives into the North Sea, killing 55 people. The investigation showed that the tail of the plane vibrated loose in flight due to sub-standard connecting bolts that had been fraudulently sold as aircraft-grade. 1991 - The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent. 1994 - USAir Flight 427, on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport, suddenly crashes in clear weather killing all 132 aboard, resulting in the most extensive aviation investigation in world history and altering manufacturing practices in the industry. 2004 - NASA's unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open. 2005 - Two Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft from EMERCOM land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America. 2016 - NASA launches OSIRIS-REx, its first asteroid sample return mission. The probe will visit 101955 Bennu and is expected to return with samples in 2023. Births 685 - Emperor Xuanzong of Tang 801 - Ansgar, German archbishop and saint 828 - Ali al-Hadi, Hijazi, 10th of the Twelve Imams 1157 - Richard I of England 1209 - Sancho II of Portugal 1271 - Charles Martel of Anjou 1380 - Bernardino of Siena, Italian priest, missionary, and saint 1413 - Catherine of Bologna, Italian nun and saint 1442 - John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander and politician, Lord Great Chamberlain of England 1462 - Henry Medwall, first known English vernacular dramatist 1474 - Ludovico Ariosto, Italian playwright and poet 1515 - Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish priest and scholar 1588 - Marin Mersenne, French mathematician, philosopher, and theologian 1593 - Toyotomi Hideyori, Japanese nobleman 1611 - Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German scholar and critic 1621 - Louis, Grand Condé, French general 1633 - Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans 1672 - Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer 1698 - François Francoeur, French violinist and composer 1742 - Ozias Humphry, English painter and academic 1749 - Yolande de Polastron, French educator 1750 - Tanikaze Kajinosuke, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 4th Yokozuna 1752 - Carl Stenborg, Swedish opera singer, actor, and director 1767 - August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet and critic 1774 - Anne Catherine Emmerich, German nun and mystic 1779 - Mustafa IV, Ottoman sultan 1783 - N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish pastor, philosopher, and author 1804 - Eduard Mörike, German pastor, poet, and academic 1814 - Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French archaeologist, ethnographer, and historian 1815 - Giuseppina Strepponi, Italian soprano and educator 1822 - Karl von Ditmar, German geologist and explorer 1824 - Jaime Nunó, Spanish-American composer, conductor, and director 1828 - Joshua Chamberlain, American general and politician, 32nd Governor of Maine 1828 - Clarence Cook, American author and critic 1830 - Frédéric Mistral, French poet and lexicographer, Nobel Prize laureate 1831 - Wilhelm Raabe, German author and painter 1841 - Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer and academic 1846 - Paul Chater, Indian-Hong Kong businessman and politician 1851 - John Jenkins, American-Australian businessman and politician, 22nd Premier of South Australia 1852 - Gojong of Korea 1857 - Georg Michaelis, German academic and politician, 6th Chancellor of Germany 1863 - Mary of the Divine Heart, German nun and saint 1863 - W.W. Jacobs, English novelist and short story writer 1867 - Alexander Parvus, Belarusian-German theoretician and activist 1868 - Seth Weeks, American mandolin player, composer, and bandleader 1869 - José María Pino Suárez, Mexican politician, Vice President of Mexico, murdered in a military coup 1871 - Samuel McLaughlin, Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded the McLaughlin Carriage Company 1872 - James William McCarthy, American judge 1873 - Alfred Jarry, French author and playwright 1873 - David O. McKay, American religious leader, 9th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1876 - Inez Knight Allen, Mormon missionary and Utah politician 1881 - Harry Hillman, American runner and hurdler 1881 - Refik Saydam, Turkish physician and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Turkey 1884 - Théodore Pilette, Belgian race car driver 1886 - Siegfried Sassoon, English captain, journalist, and poet 1886 - Ninon Vallin, French soprano and actress 1889 - Robert A. Taft, American lawyer and politician 1894 - John Samuel Bourque, Canadian soldier and politician 1894 - Willem Pijper, Dutch composer and critic 1896 - Howard Dietz, American publicist and songwriter 1897 - Jimmie Rodgers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1900 - Tilly Devine, English-Australian organised crime boss 1900 - Claude Pepper, American lawyer and politician 1901 - Hendrik Verwoerd, Dutch-South African journalist and politician, 7th Prime Minister of South Africa 1903 - Jane Arbor, English author 1906 - Andrei Kirilenko, Russian engineer and politician 1907 - William Wentworth, Australian economist and politician, 11th Australian Minister for Human Services 1909 - Józef Noji, Polish runner 1910 - Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director 1914 - Patriarch Demetrios I of Constantinople 1914 - Denys Lasdun, English architect, designed the Royal National Theatre 1915 - N. V. M. Gonzalez, Filipino novelist, poet, and writer 1917 - Jan Sedivka, Czech-Australian violinist and educator 1918 - Derek Barton, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1919 - Gianni Brera, Italian journalist and author 1919 - Maria Lassnig, Austrian painter and academic 1921 - Harry Secombe, Welsh-English actor 1921 - Dinko Šakić, Croatian concentration camp commander 1922 - Sid Caesar, American comic actor and writer 1922 - Lyndon LaRouche, American politician and activist, founded the LaRouche movement 1923 - Rasul Gamzatov, Russian poet 1923 - Wilbur Ware, American double-bassist 1924 - Wendell H. Ford, American lieutenant and politician, 53rd Governor of Kentucky 1924 - Marie-Claire Kirkland, American-Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician 1924 - Grace Metalious, American author 1924 - Mimi Parent, Canadian-Swiss painter 1925 - Jacqueline Ceballos, American activist, founded the Veteran Feminists of America 1925 - Peter Sellers, English actor and comedian 1926 - Bhupen Hazarika, Indian singer-songwriter, poet, and director 1927 - Harlan Howard, American songwriter 1927 - Robert L. Rock, American soldier and politician, 42nd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana 1927 - Marguerite Frank, American-French mathematician 1929 - Christoph von Dohnányi, German conductor 1930 - Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Vietnamese general and politician, 16th Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam 1931 - Marion Brown, American saxophonist and composer 1931 - John Garrett, English soldier and politician 1932 - Patsy Cline, American singer-songwriter and pianist 1933 - Asha Bhosle, Indian singer 1933 - Michael Frayn, English author and playwright 1933 - Jeffrey Koo Sr., Taiwanese banker and businessman 1933 - Eric Salzman, American composer, producer, and critic 1933 - Maigonis Valdmanis, Latvian basketball player and coach 1934 - Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician 1934 - Ross Brown, New Zealand rugby player 1934 - Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer and conductor 1934 - Bernard Donoughue, Baron Donoughue, English academic and politician 1936 - Roy Newman, English admiral 1937 - Edna Adan Ismail, Somaliland politician and activist 1937 - Barbara Frum, American-Canadian journalist 1937 - Archie Goodwin, American author and illustrator 1938 - Adrian Cronauer, American sergeant and radio host 1938 - Kenichi Horie, Japanese sailor 1938 - Sam Nunn, American lawyer and politician 1939 - Carsten Keller, German field hockey player and coach 1939 - Guitar Shorty, American singer and guitarist 1940 - Quentin L. Cook, American religious leader 1940 - Jerzy Robert Nowak, Polish historian and journalist 1940 - Jack Prelutsky, American author and poet 1941 - Bernie Sanders, American politician 1942 - Brian Cole, American bass player 1942 - Judith Hann, English journalist and author 1942 - Sal Valentino, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist 1943 - Adelaide C. Eckardt, American academic and politician 1944 - Peter Bellamy, English singer-songwriter 1944 - Margaret Hodge, English economist and politician 1944 - Terry Jenner, Australian cricketer and coach 1945 - Lem Barney, American football player 1945 - Kelly Groucutt, English bass player 1945 - Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player 1945 - Vinko Puljić, Croatian cardinal 1945 - Rogie Vachon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1946 - L. C. Greenwood, American football player 1946 - Aziz Sancar, Turkish-American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1946 - Wong Kan Seng, Singaporean business executive, former Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore 1947 - Valery Afanassiev, Russian pianist and conductor 1947 - Halldór Ásgrímsson, Icelandic accountant and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Iceland 1947 - Ann Beattie, American novelist and short story writer 1947 - Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player 1947 - Marianne Wiggins, American author 1948 - Great Kabuki, Japanese wrestler 1948 - Jean-Pierre Monseré, Belgian cyclist 1949 - Edward Hinds, English physicist and academic 1950 - Ian Davidson, Scottish lawyer and politician 1950 - Zachary Richard, American singer-songwriter and poet 1950 - Mike Simpson, American dentist and politician 1951 - Tim Gullikson, American tennis player and coach 1951 - Tom Gullikson, American tennis player and coach 1951 - John McDonnell, English politician 1951 - Dezső Ránki, Hungarian pianist 1952 - Will Lee, American bass player 1952 - Geoff Miller, English cricketer 1952 - Graham Mourie, New Zealand rugby player 1953 - Pascal Greggory, French actor 1953 - Stein-Erik Olsen, Norwegian guitarist 1954 - Mark Lindsay Chapman, English actor 1954 - Ruby Bridges, American civil rights activist 1954 - Michael Shermer, American historian, author, and academic, founded The Skeptics Society 1955 - David O'Halloran, Australian footballer 1955 - Terry Tempest Williams, American environmentalist and author 1956 - Mick Brown, American drummer 1956 - David Carr, American journalist and author 1956 - Maurice Cheeks, American basketball player and coach 1956 - Stefan Johansson, Swedish race car driver 1957 - Walt Easley, American football player 1958 - Bart Batten, American wrestler 1958 - Brad Batten, American wrestler 1958 - Michael Lardie, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer 1960 - Aimee Mann, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress 1960 - David Steele, English bass player and songwriter 1960 - Aguri Suzuki, Japanese race car driver 1961 - Timothy Well, American wrestler 1962 - Solomon Linda, South African singer-songwriter 1963 - Alexandros Alexiou, Greek footballer 1963 - Daniel Wolpert, American scientist 1964 - Michael Johns, American businessman and political activist 1964 - Joachim Nielsen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist 1964 - Raven, American wrestler 1965 - Darlene Zschech, Australian singer-songwriter and pastor 1965 - Tutilo Burger, German Benedictine monk and abbot 1966 - Peter Furler, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1967 - Eerik-Niiles Kross, Estonian politician and diplomat 1967 - James Packer, Australian businessman 1967 - Kimberly Peirce, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1968 - Wolfram Klein, German footballer 1968 - Ray Wilson, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist 1969 - Lars Bohinen, Norwegian footballer and manager 1969 - Oswaldo Ibarra, Ecuadorian footballer 1969 - Chris Powell, English footballer and manager 1969 - Gary Speed, Welsh footballer and manager 1970 - Neko Case, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1970 - Paul DiPietro, Canadian-Swiss ice hockey player 1970 - Nidal Malik Hasan, American soldier, psychiatrist, and mass murderer 1970 - Latrell Sprewell, American basketball player 1970 - Lodi, American wrestler 1970 - Andy Ward, Irish rugby player and coach 1970 - John Welborn, Australian rugby player 1971 - David Arquette, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and wrestler 1971 - Martin Freeman, English actor 1971 - Lachlan Murdoch, English-Australian businessman 1971 - Dustin O'Halloran, American pianist and composer 1971 - Daniel Petrov, Bulgarian boxer 1971 - Pierre Sévigny, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1972 - Markus Babbel, German footballer and manager 1972 - Os du Randt, South African rugby player and coach 1972 - Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, American radio and television host 1973 - Khamis Al-Dosari, Saudi Arabian footballer 1973 - Gabrial McNair, American saxophonist, keyboard player, and composer 1973 - Troy Sanders, American singer-songwriter and bass player 1973 - Matteo Strukul, Italian writer and journalist 1974 - Marios Agathokleous, Cypriot footballer 1974 - Tanaz Eshaghian, Iranian-American director and producer 1974 - Braulio Luna, Mexican footballer 1974 - Rick Michaels, American wrestler 1975 - Lee Eul-yong, South Korean footballer and manager 1975 - Richard Hughes, English drummer 1975 - Chris Latham, Australian rugby player 1975 - Elena Likhovtseva, Russian tennis player 1975 - Larenz Tate, American actor, director, and producer 1976 - Gerald Drummond, Costa Rican footballer 1976 - Jervis Drummond, Costa Rican footballer 1976 - Sjeng Schalken, Dutch tennis player 1977 - Jay McKee, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1978 - Gerard Autet, Spanish footballer and manager 1978 - Emanuele Ferraro, Italian footballer 1978 - Gil Meche, American baseball player 1978 - Angela Rawlings, Canadian-American author and poet 1978 - Rebel, American wrestler 1979 - Pink, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress 1981 - Kate Abdo, English journalist 1981 - Selim Benachour, Tunisian footballer 1981 - Māris Ļaksa, Latvian basketball player 1981 - Morten Gamst Pedersen, Norwegian footballer 1981 - Jonathan Taylor Thomas, American actor 1982 - Travis Daniels, American football player 1983 - Kate Beaton, Canadian cartoonist 1983 - Diego Benaglio, Swiss footballer 1983 - Will Blalock, American basketball player 1983 - Chris Judd, Australian footballer 1983 - Wali Lundy, American football player 1983 - Lewis Roberts-Thomson, Australian footballer 1983 - Sarah Stup, American writer and autism activist 1984 - Bobby Parnell, American baseball player 1984 - Vitaly Petrov, Russian race car driver 1984 - Jürgen Säumel, Austrian footballer 1984 - Tiago Treichel, Brazilian footballer 1984 - Peter Whittingham, English footballer 1985 - Tomasz Jodłowiec, Polish footballer 1986 - Brett Anderson, Australian rugby league player 1986 - Carlos Bacca, Colombian footballer 1986 - Matt Grothe, American football player 1986 - Dan Hunt, Australian rugby league player 1986 - João Moutinho, Portuguese footballer 1986 - Kirill Nababkin, Russian footballer 1987 - Alexandre Bilodeau, Canadian skier 1987 - Danielle Frenkel, Israeli high jumper 1987 - Wiz Khalifa, Haitian rapper and actor 1987 - Illya Marchenko, Ukrainian tennis player 1987 - Marcel Nguyen, German gymnast 1988 - Arrelious Benn, American football player 1988 - Chantal Jones, American model and actress 1988 - Rie Kaneto, Japanese swimmer 1989 - Gylfi Sigurðsson, Icelandic footballer 1989 - Avicii, Swedish electronic musician 1990 - Matt Barkley, American football player 1990 - Tokelo Rantie, South African footballer 1990 - Musa Nizam, Turkish footballer 1990 - Jos Buttler, English cricketer 1991 - Ignacio González, Mexican footballer 1991 - Joe Sugg, British vlogger 1992 - Nino Niederreiter, Swiss ice hockey player 1992 - Kilian Pruschke, German footballer 1993 - Will Bosisto, Australian cricketer 1993 - Yoshikazu Fujita, Japanese rugby union player 1994 - Marco Benassi, Italian footballer 1994 - Cameron Dallas, American Internet personality 1995 - Ellie Black, Canadian gymnast 1998 - Matheus Leist, Brazilian race car driver 2000 - Brennan Malone, American baseball pitcher Deaths 394 - Arbogast, Frankish general 701 - Pope Sergius I 780 - Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine emperor 869 - Ahmad ibn Isra'il al-Anbari, Muslim vizier 1100 - Antipope Clement III 1306 - Sir Simon Fraser, Scottish knight, hung drawn and quartered by the English 1397 - Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, English politician, Lord High Constable of England 1425 - Charles III of Navarre 1539 - John Stokesley, English bishop 1555 - Saint Thomas of Villanueva, Spanish bishop and saint 1560 - Amy Robsart, English noblewoman 1613 - Carlo Gesualdo, Italian lute player and composer 1637 - Robert Fludd, English physician, mathematician, and cosmologist 1644 - John Coke, English civil servant and politician 1644 - Francis Quarles, English poet and author 1645 - Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish poet and politician 1656 - Joseph Hall, English bishop 1682 - Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish mathematician and philosopher 1721 - Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor 1755 - Ephraim Williams, American soldier and philanthropist 1761 - Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French mathematician and engineer 1780 - Enoch Poor, American general 1784 - Ann Lee, English-American religious leader 1811 - Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist and botanist 1831 - John Aitken, Scottish-American publisher 1853 - Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar, co-founded the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul 1882 - Joseph Liouville, French mathematician and academic 1916 - Friedrich Baumfelder, German pianist, composer, and conductor 1894 - Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist 1909 - Vere St. Leger Goold, Irish tennis player 1933 - Faisal I of Iraq 1935 - Carl Weiss, American physician 1940 - Hemmo Kallio, Finnish actor 1942 - Rıza Nur, Turkish surgeon and politician 1943 - Julius Fučík, Czech journalist 1944 - Jan van Gilse, Dutch composer and conductor 1949 - Richard Strauss, German composer and manager 1954 - André Derain, French painter and sculptor 1963 - Maurice Wilks, English engineer and businessman 1965 - Dorothy Dandridge, American actress and singer 1965 - Hermann Staudinger, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1969 - Bud Collyer, American game show host 1969 - Alexandra David-Néel, Belgian-French explorer and activist 1970 - Percy Spencer, American engineer, invented the microwave oven 1974 - Wolfgang Windgassen, French-German tenor 1977 - Zero Mostel, American actor and comedian 1980 - Willard Libby, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1981 - Nisargadatta Maharaj, Indian guru, philosopher, and educator 1981 - Roy Wilkins, American journalist and activist 1981 - Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1983 - Antonin Magne, French cyclist 1985 - John Franklin Enders, American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1990 - Denys Watkins-Pitchford, English author and illustrator 1991 - Alex North, American composer and conductor 1997 - Derek Taylor, English journalist and author 1999 - Moondog, American-German singer-songwriter, drummer, and poet 1999 - Michalis Kounelis, Greek violinist 2001 - Bill Ricker, Canadian entomologist and author 2002 - Laurie Williams, Jamaican cricketer 2003 - Leni Riefenstahl, German actress, director, producer, and screenwriter 2004 - Frank Thomas, American animator, voice actor, and screenwriter 2005 - Noel Cantwell, Irish cricketer, footballer, and manager 2005 - Donald Horne, Australian journalist, author, and critic 2006 - Hilda Bernstein, English-South African author and activist 2006 - Peter Brock, Australian race car driver and sportscaster 2007 - Vincent Serventy, Australian ornithologist, conservationist, and author 2008 - Ralph Plaisted, American explorer 2009 - Aage Bohr, Danish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 2009 - Mike Bongiorno, American-Italian television host 2012 - Ronald Hamowy, Canadian historian and academic 2012 - Bill Moggridge, English-American designer, author, and educator, co-founded IDEO 2012 - Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist and academic 2013 - Goose Gonsoulin, American football player 2013 - Don Reichert, Canadian painter and photographer 2013 - Jean Véronis, French linguist, computer scientist, and blogger 2014 - Marvin Barnes, American basketball player 2014 - S. Truett Cathy, American businessman, founded Chick-fil-A 2014 - Sean O'Haire, American wrestler, mixed martial artist, and kick-boxer 2014 - Magda Olivero, Italian soprano 2014 - Gerald Wilson, American trumpet player and composer 2014 - George Zuverink, American baseball player 2015 - Joaquín Andújar, Dominican baseball player 2015 - Andrew Kohut, American political scientist and academic 2015 - Tyler Sash, American football player 2015 - Joost Zwagerman, Dutch author and poet 2016 - Hannes Arch, Austrian race pilot 2016 - Dragiša Pešić, Montenegrin politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 2016 - Prince Buster, Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer 2017 - Pierre Bergé, French businessman 2017 - Blake Heron, American actor 2017 - Jerry Pournelle, American author and journalist 2017 - Ljubiša Samardžić, Serbian actor and director 2017 - Don Williams, American musician 2018 - Gennadi Gagulia, Prime Minister of Abkhazia 2018 - Chelsi Smith, American singer and beauty pageant winner Holidays and observances Christian Feast Day: *Adrian and Natalia of Nicomedia *Corbinian *Disibod *Nativity of Mary, **Monti Fest *Our Lady of Charity *Our Lady of Good Health of Vailankanni *Pope Sergius I *September 8 *Feast Day of Our Lady of Meritxell Earliest day on which Auditor's Day can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in September. Earliest day on which Day of the Workers in the Oil, Gas, Power, and Geological Industry can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Saturday in September. Earliest day on which Grandparents Day can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in September. Earliest day on which Mid-Autumn Festival can fall, while October 8 is the latest; celebrated on the 15th day in the 8th month of Chinese calendar. Earliest day on which Turkmen Bakhshi Day can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in September. Day of the Battle of Borodino Feast of 'Izzat – First day of the tenth month of the Bahá'í calendar. Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Macedonia from Yugoslavia in 1991. International Literacy Day Martyrs' Day National Day, also the feast of Our Lady of Meritxell Victory Day Victory Day, also the feast of Our Lady of Victories or il-Vittorja World Physical Therapy Day In Literature A True Relation of the Apparition of One Mrs. Veal the Next Day after her Death to One Mrs. Bargrave at Canterbury the 8th of September, 1705", purporting to document the details of the encounter between the living Mrs. Bargrave and the ghost of her dead neighbor Mrs. Veal.
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