June 25 Events
524 - The Franks are defeated by the Burgundians in the Battle of Vézeronce. 841 - In the Battle of Fontenay-en-Puisaye, forces led by Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat the armies of Lothair I of Italy and Pepin II of Aquitaine. 1258 - War of Saint Sabas: In the Battle of Acre, the Venetians defeat a larger Genoese fleet sailing to relieve Acre. 1530 - At the Diet of Augsburg the Augsburg Confession is presented to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany. 1658 - Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Rio Nuevo during the Anglo-Spanish War. 1678 - Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy when she graduates from the University of Padua. 1741 - Maria Theresa is crowned Queen of Hungary. 1786 - Gavriil Pribylov discovers St. George Island of the Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea. 1788 - Virginia becomes the tenth state to ratify the United States Constitution. 1848 - A photograph of the June Days uprising becomes the first known instance of photojournalism. 1876 - Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer. 1900 - The Taoist monk Wang Yuanlu discovers the Dunhuang manuscripts, a cache of ancient texts that are of great historical and religious significance, in the Mogao Caves of Dunhuang, China. 1906 - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania millionaire Harry Thaw shoots and kills prominent architect Stanford White. 1910 - The United States Congress passes the Mann Act, which prohibits interstate transport of women or girls for “immoral purposes”; the ambiguous language would be used to selectively prosecute people for years to come. 1910 - Igor Stravinsky's ballet The Firebird is premiered in Paris, bringing him to prominence as a composer. 1913 - American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913. 1935 - Colombia–Soviet Union relations are established. 1938 - Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated as the first President of Ireland. 1940 - World War II: The French armistice with Germany comes into effect. 1943 - The Holocaust: Jews in the Częstochowa Ghetto in Poland stage an uprising against the Nazis. 1943 - The left-wing German Jewish exile Arthur Goldstein is murdered in Auschwitz. 1944 - World War II: The Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in the Nordic countries, begins. 1944 - World War II: United States Navy and British Royal Navy ships bombard Cherbourg to support United States Army units engaged in the Battle of Cherbourg. 1944 - The final page of the comic Krazy Kat is published, exactly two months after its author George Herriman died. 1947 - The is published. Diary of a Young Girl 1950 - The Korean War begins with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea. 1960 - Cold War: Two cryptographers working for the United States National Security Agency left for vacation to Mexico, and from there defected to the Soviet Union. 1975 - Mozambique achieves independence from Portugal. 1975 - Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares a state of internal emergency in India. 1976 - Missouri Governor Kit Bond issues an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, formally apologizing on behalf of the state of Missouri for the suffering it had caused to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1978 - The rainbow flag representing gay pride is flown for the first time during the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade. 1981 - Microsoft is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington. 1991 - Slovenia and Croatia declare their independence by referendum from Yugoslavia. 1993 - Kim Campbell is sworn in as the first female Prime Minister of Canada. 1996 - The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen. 1997 - An unmanned Progress spacecraft collides with the Russian space station Mir. 1997 - The National Hockey League approved expansion franchises for Nashville, Atlanta, Columbus, and Minneapolis-Saint Paul. 1998 - In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional. 2017 - The World Health Organization estimates that Yemen has over 200,000 cases of cholera. Births 1242 - Beatrice of England 1328 - William de Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English commander 1371 - Joanna II of Naples 1484 - Bartholomeus V. Welser, German banker 1526 - Elisabeth Parr, Marchioness of Northampton 1560 - Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon 1568 - Gunilla Bielke, Queen of Sweden 1612 - John Albert Vasa, Polish cardinal 1709 - Francesco Araja, Italian composer 1715 - Joseph Foullon de Doué, French soldier and politician, Controller-General of Finances 1755 - Natalia Alexeievna of Russia 1799 - David Douglas, Scottish-English botanist and explorer 1814 - Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist and engineer 1825 - James Farnell, Australian politician, 8th Premier of New South Wales 1852 - Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect, designed the Park Güell 1858 - Georges Courteline, French author and playwright 1860 - Gustave Charpentier, French composer and conductor 1863 - Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat 1864 - Walther Nernst, German chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate 1866 - Eloísa Díaz, Chilean doctor and Chile's first female physician 1874 - Rose O'Neill, American cartoonist, illustrator, artist, and writer 1884 - Géza Gyóni, Hungarian soldier and poet 1884 - Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German-French art collector and historian 1886 - Henry H. Arnold, American general 1887 - George Abbott, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1887 - Frigyes Karinthy, Hungarian author, poet, and journalist 1892 - Shirō Ishii, Japanese microbiologist and general 1894 - Hermann Oberth, Romanian-German physicist and engineer 1898 - Kay Sage, American painter and poet 1900 - Marta Abba, Italian actress 1900 - Zinaida Aksentyeva, Ukrainian/Soviet astronomer 1900 - Georgia Hale, American silent film actress and real estate investor 1900 - Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, English admiral and politician, 44th Governor-General of India 1901 - Harold Roe Bartle, American businessman and politician, 47th Mayor of Kansas City 1902 - Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu of Japan 1903 - George Orwell, British novelist, essayist, and critic 1903 - Anne Revere, American actress 1905 - Rupert Wildt, German-American astronomer and academic 1907 - J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1908 - Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and academic 1911 - William Howard Stein, American chemist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate 1912 - William T. Cahill, American lawyer and politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey 1913 - Cyril Fletcher, English actor and screenwriter 1915 - Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer 1917 - Nils Karlsson, Swedish skier 1917 - Claude Seignolle, French author 1918 - P. H. Newby, English soldier and author 1920 - Lassie Lou Ahern, American actress 1921 - Celia Franca, English-Canadian ballerina and choreographer, founded the National Ballet of Canada 1922 - Johnny Smith, American guitarist and songwriter 1923 - Sam Francis, American soldier and painter 1923 - Dorothy Gilman, American author 1923 - Jamshid Amouzegar, 43rd Prime Minister of Iran 1924 - Sidney Lumet, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1924 - Dimitar Isakov, Bulgarian football player 1924 - Madan Mohan, Iraqi-Indian composer and director 1924 - William J. Castagna, American lawyer and judge 1925 - Clifton Chenier, American singer-songwriter and accordion player 1925 - June Lockhart, American actress 1925 - Clay Evans, American Baptist pastor 1925 - Robert Venturi, American architect and academic 1925 - Virginia Patton, American actress and businesswoman 1926 - Margaret Anstee, English diplomat 1926 - Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian author and poet 1926 - Kep Enderby, Australian lawyer, judge, and politician, 23rd Attorney-General for Australia 1926 - Stig Sollander, Swedish Alpine skier 1927 - Antal Róka, Hungarian runner 1927 - Chuck Smith, American pastor, founded the Calvary Chapel 1927 - Arnold Wolfendale, English astronomer and academic 1928 - Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1928 - John A. Wickham Jr., United States Army general 1928 - Michel Brault, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter 1928 - Peyo, Belgian author and illustrator, created The Smurfs 1928 - Bill Russo, American pianist and composer 1928 - Alex Toth, American animator and screenwriter 1929 - Eric Carle, American author and illustrator 1929 - Francesco Marchisano, Italian cardinal 1931 - V. P. Singh, Indian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of India 1932 - Peter Blake, English painter and illustrator 1932 - Tim Parnell, English race car driver 1932 - George Sluizer, French-Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter 1933 - Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect, designed the Porto School of Architecture 1934 - Jean Geissinger, American baseball player 1934 - Jack W. Hayford, American minister and author 1934 - Beatriz Sheridan, Mexican actress and director 1935 - Ray Butt, English television producer and director 1935 - Salihu Ibrahim, Nigerian Army Officer 1935 - Taufiq Ismail, Indonesian poet and activist 1935 - Larry Kramer, American author, playwright, and activist, co-founded Gay Men's Health Crisis 1935 - Don Demeter, American professional baseball player 1935 - Tony Lanfranchi, English race car driver 1935 - Judy Howe, American artistic gymnast 1935 - Charles Sheffield, English-American mathematician, physicist, and author 1936 - B. J. Habibie, Indonesian engineer and politician, 3rd President of Indonesia 1936 - Bert Hölldobler, German biologist and entomologist 1937 - Eddie Floyd, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter 1937 - Derek Foster, Baron Foster of Bishop Auckland, English politician 1937 - Doreen Wells, English ballerina and actress 1939 - Allen Fox, American tennis player and coach 1940 - Judy Amoore, Australian runner 1940 - Mary Beth Peil, American actress and singer 1940 - A. J. Quinnell, English-Maltese author 1940 - Clint Warwick, English bass player 1941 - Denys Arcand, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter 1941 - John Albert Raven, Scottish academic and ecologist 1942 - Nikiforos Diamandouros, Greek academic and politician 1942 - Willis Reed, American basketball player, coach, and manager 1942 - Michel Tremblay, Canadian author and playwright 1944 - Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor 1944 - Gary David Goldberg, American screenwriter and producer 1945 - Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter 1945 - Baba Gana Kingibe, Nigerian politician 1945 - Harry Womack, American singer 1946 - Roméo Dallaire, Dutch-Canadian general and politician 1946 - Allen Lanier, American guitarist and songwriter 1946 - Ian McDonald, English guitarist and saxophonist 1947 - John Hilton, English table tennis player 1947 - John Powell, American discus thrower 1947 - Jimmie Walker, American actor and comedian 1949 - Richard Clarke, Irish archbishop 1949 - Patrick Tambay, French race car driver 1949 - Yoon Joo-sang, South Korean actor 1950 - Marcello Toninelli, Italian author and screenwriter 1951 - Eva Bayer-Fluckiger, Swiss mathematician and academic 1952 - Péter Erdő, Hungarian cardinal 1952 - Tim Finn, New Zealand singer-songwriter 1952 - Martin Gerschwitz, German singer-songwriter and keyboard player 1952 - Alan Green, Northern Irish sportscaster 1952 - Kristina Abelli Elander, Swedish artist 1953 - Olivier Ameisen, French-American cardiologist and educator 1953 - Ian Davis, Australian cricketer 1954 - Mario Lessard, Canadian ice hockey player 1954 - David Paich, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer 1954 - Lina Romay, Spanish actress 1954 - Daryush Shokof, Iranian director, producer, and screenwriter 1954 - Sonia Sotomayor, American lawyer and judge 1955 - Vic Marks, English cricketer and sportscaster 1956 - Anthony Bourdain, American chef and author 1956 - Frank Paschek, German long jumper 1956 - Boris Trajkovski, Macedonian politician, 2nd President of the Republic of Macedonia 1956 - Craig Young, Australian rugby player and coach 1957 - Greg Millen, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster 1958 - George Becali, Romanian businessman, politician 1959 - Lutz Dombrowski, German long jumper and educator 1959 - Jari Puikkonen, Finnish ski jumper 1959 - Bobbie Vaile, Australian astrophysicist and astronomer 1960 - Alastair Bruce of Crionaich, English-Scottish journalist and author 1960 - Brian Hayward, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster 1960 - Craig Johnston, South African-Australian footballer and photographer 1960 - Laurent Rodriguez, French rugby player 1961 - Timur Bekmambetov, Kazakh director, producer, and screenwriter 1961 - Ricky Gervais, English comedian, actor, director, producer and singer 1963 - John Benjamin Hickey, American actor 1963 - Yann Martel, Spanish-Canadian author 1963 - Doug Gilmour, Canadian ice hockey player and manager 1963 - George Michael, English singer-songwriter and producer 1963 - Mike Stanley, American baseball player 1964 - Dell Curry, American basketball player and coach 1964 - Phil Emery, Australian cricketer 1964 - Johnny Herbert, English race car driver and sportscaster 1964 - John McCrea, American singer-songwriter and musician 1964 - Greg Raymer, American poker player and lawyer 1965 - Napole Polutele, French politician 1965 - Kerri Pottharst, Australian beach volleyball player 1965 - Joseph Hii Teck Kwong, Malaysian bishop 1966 - Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese-American basketball player 1967 - Tracey Spicer, Australian journalist 1968 - Adrian Garvey, Zimbabwean-South African rugby player 1968 - Vaios Karagiannis, Greek footballer and manager 1969 - Hunter Foster, American actor and singer 1969 - Zim Zum, American guitarist and songwriter 1970 - Ariel Gore, American journalist and author 1970 - Roope Latvala, Finnish guitarist 1970 - Erki Nool, Estonian decathlete and politician 1970 - Aaron Sele, American baseball player and scout 1971 - Karen Darke, English cyclist and author 1971 - Jason Gallian, Australian-English cricketer and educator 1971 - Rod Kafer, Australian rugby player and sportscaster 1971 - Neil Lennon, Northern Irish-Scottish footballer and manager 1971 - Michael Tucker, American baseball player 1972 - Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach 1972 - Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, Libyan engineer and politician 1973 - René Corbet, Canadian ice hockey player 1973 - Milan Hnilička, Czech ice hockey player 1973 - Jamie Redknapp, English footballer and coach 1974 - Nisha Ganatra, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter 1974 - Glen Metropolit, Canadian ice hockey player 1975 - Kiur Aarma, Estonian journalist and producer 1975 - Linda Cardellini, American actress 1975 - Albert Costa, Spanish tennis player and coach 1975 - Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player 1975 - Michele Merkin, American model and television host 1976 - José Cancela, Uruguayan footballer 1976 - Iestyn Harris, Welsh rugby player and coach 1976 - Carlos Nieto, Argentinian-Italian rugby player 1976 - Neil Walker, American swimmer 1978 - Aramis Ramírez, Dominican-American baseball player 1978 - Luke Scott, American baseball player 1978 - Marcus Stroud, American football player 1979 - Marko Albert, Estonian swimmer and triathlete 1979 - Richard Hughes, Scottish footballer 1979 - Busy Philipps, American actress 1981 - Simon Ammann, Swiss ski jumper 1982 - Rain, South Korean singer and actor 1982 - Mikhail Youzhny, Russian tennis player 1983 - Todd Cooper, English swimmer 1983 - Marc Janko, Austrian footballer 1984 - Lauren Bush, American model and fashion designer 1985 - Karim Matmour, Algerian footballer 1986 - Aya Matsuura, Japanese singer and actress 1986 - Seda Tokatlıoğlu, Turkish volleyball player 1988 - Jhonas Enroth, Swedish ice hockey player 1988 - Miguel Layún, Mexican footballer 1988 - Therese Johaug, Norwegian cross-country skier 1989 - Jack Cork, English footballer 1989 - Edgar Morais, Portuguese actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1989 - Rafael Morais, Portuguese actor, director, and screenwriter 1990 - Andi Eigenmann, Filipino actress 1991 - Liisi Rist, Estonian cyclist 1991 - Anna Zaja, German tennis player 1996 - Pietro Fittipaldi, Brazilian-American race car driver 1996 - Sione Mata'utia, Australian rugby league player 1996 - Lele Pons, Latina-American Internet personality 1998 - Kyle Chalmers, Australian swimmer 2006 - Mckenna Grace, American actress Deaths 635 - Gao Zu, Chinese emperor 841 - Gerard of Auvergne, Frankish nobleman 841 - Ricwin of Nantes, Frankish nobleman 891 - Sunderolt, German archbishop 931 - An Chonghui, Chinese general 1014 - Æthelstan Ætheling, son of Æthelred the Unready 1031 - Sheng Zong, Chinese emperor 1134 - Niels, king of Denmark 1218 - Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French politician, Lord High Steward 1291 - Eleanor of Provence, queen of England 1337 - Frederick III, king of Sicily 1394 - Dorothea of Montau, German hermitess 1483 - Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English courtier and translator 1483 - Richard Grey, half brother of Edward V of England 1522 - Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer and theorist 1533 - Mary Tudor, queen of France 1579 - Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord 1593 - Michele Mercati, Italian physician and archaeologist 1634 - John Marston, English poet and playwright 1638 - Juan Pérez de Montalbán, Spanish author, poet, and playwright 1665 - Sigismund Francis, archduke of Austria 1669 - François de Vendôme, duke of Beaufort 1671 - Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian priest and astronomer 1673 - Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, French captain 1686 - Simon Ushakov, Russian painter and educator 1715 - Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and politician 1767 - Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer and theorist 1798 - Thomas Sandby, English cartographer, painter, and architect 1822 - E. T. A. Hoffmann, German composer, critic, and jurist 1835 - Ebenezer Pemberton, American educator 1838 - François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French general and engineer 1861 - Abdülmecid I, Ottoman sultan 1866 - Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish biologist and paleontologist 1868 - Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist 1870 - David Heaton, American lawyer and politician 1875 - Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor 1876 - James Calhoun, American lieutenant 1876 - Boston Custer, American civilian army contractor 1876 - George Armstrong Custer, American general 1876 - Thomas Custer, American officer, Medal of Honor recipient 1876 - Myles Keogh, Irish-American officer 1882 - François Jouffroy, French sculptor 1884 - Hans Rott, Austrian organist and composer 1886 - Jean-Louis Beaudry, Canadian businessman and politician, 11th Mayor of Montreal 1894 - Marie François Sadi Carnot, French engineer and politician, 5th President of France 1906 - Stanford White, American architect, designed the Washington Square Arch 1912 - Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Dutch-British painter 1916 - Thomas Eakins, American painter, photographer, and sculptor 1917 - Géza Gyóni, Hungarian soldier and poet 1918 - Jake Beckley, American baseball player and coach 1922 - Satyendranath Dutta, Indian poet and author 1937 - Colin Clive, British actor 1939 - Richard Seaman, English race car driver 1943 - Arthur Goldstein, German Jewish left-wing activist 1944 - Dénes Berinkey, Hungarian jurist and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Hungary 1944 - Lucha Reyes, Mexican singer and actress 1947 - Jimmy Doyle, American boxer 1948 - William C. Lee, American general 1949 - Buck Freeman, American baseball player 1949 - James Steen, American water polo player 1950 - Maurice O'Sullivan, Irish police officer and author 1958 - Alfred Noyes, English author, poet, and playwright 1959 - Charles Starkweather, American spree killer 1960 - Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player and manager 1968 - Tony Hancock, English comedian and actor 1971 - John Boyd Orr, 1st Baron Boyd-Orr, Scottish physician, biologist, and politician, Nobel Prize laureate 1972 - Jan Matulka, Czech-American painter and illustrator 1974 - Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician and physicist 1976 - Johnny Mercer, American singer-songwriter, co-founded Capitol Records 1977 - Olave Baden-Powell, British Girl Guiding and Girl Scouting leader 1977 - Endre Szervánszky, Hungarian pianist and composer 1979 - Dave Fleischer, American animator, director, and producer 1979 - Philippe Halsman, Latvian-American photographer 1981 - Felipe Cossío del Pomar, Peruvian painter and political activist 1983 - Alberto Ginastera, Argentinian pianist and composer 1984 - Michel Foucault, French historian and philosopher 1988 - Hillel Slovak, Israeli-American guitarist and songwriter 1990 - Ronald Gene Simmons, American sergeant and murderer 1992 - Jerome Brown, American football player 1995 - Warren E. Burger, Fifteenth Chief Justice of the United States 1995 - Ernest Walton, Irish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1996 - Arthur Snelling, English civil servant and diplomat, British Ambassador to South Africa 1997 - Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer and explorer 2002 - Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician, 29th Canadian Minister of Labour 2003 - Lester Maddox, American businessman and politician, 75th Governor of Georgia 2004 - Morton Coutts, New Zealand inventor 2005 - John Fiedler, American actor and voice artist 2005 - Kâzım Koyuncu, Turkish singer-songwriter and activist 2006 - Jaap Penraat, Dutch-American humanitarian 2007 - J. Fred Duckett, American journalist and educator 2007 - Jeeva, Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter 2008 - Lyall Watson, South African anthropologist and ethologist 2009 - Farrah Fawcett, American actress and producer 2009 - Michael Jackson, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor 2009 - Sky Saxon, American singer-songwriter 2010 - Alan Plater, English playwright and screenwriter 2010 - Richard B. Sellars, American businessman and philanthropist 2011 - Annie Easley, American computer scientist and mathematician 2011 - Goff Richards, English composer and conductor 2011 - Margaret Tyzack, English actress 2012 - Shigemitsu Dandō, Japanese academic and jurist 2012 - Campbell Gillies, Scottish jockey 2012 - George Randolph Hearst, Jr., American businessman 2012 - Lucella MacLean, American baseball player 2012 - Edgar Ross, American boxer 2013 - George Burditt, American screenwriter and producer 2013 - Catherine Gibson, Scottish swimmer 2013 - Robert E. Gilka, American photographer and journalist 2013 - Harry Parker, American rower and coach 2013 - Mildred Ladner Thompson, American journalist 2013 - Green Wix Unthank, American soldier and judge 2014 - Nigel Calder, English journalist, author, and screenwriter 2014 - Ana María Matute, Spanish author and academic 2014 - Ivan Plyushch, Ukrainian agronomist and politician 2015 - Patrick Macnee, English actor 2015 - Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni, Egyptian-Armenian patriarch 2016 - Adam Small, South African writer of apartheid-period 2018 - Richard Benjamin Harrison, American businessman and reality television personality 2018 - David Goldblatt, South African photographer of apartheid-period Holidays and observances Arbor Day Christian feast day: *David of Munktorp *Eurosia *Maximus of Turin *Philipp Melanchthon *Presentation of the Augsburg Confession *Prosper of Aquitaine *Prosper of Reggio *William of Montevergine *June 25 Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Mozambique from Portugal in 1975. National Catfish Day Statehood Day Statehood Day Teacher's Day World Vitiligo Day
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