November 20 Events
284 - Diocletian is chosen as Roman emperor. 762 - During the An Shi Rebellion, the Tang dynasty, with the help of Huihe tribe, recaptures Luoyang from the rebels. 1194 - Palermo is conquered by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor. 1407 - A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed upon under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy. 1441 - The Peace of Cremona ends the war between the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Milan. 1695 - Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed by the forces of Portuguese bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho - an event nowadays commemorated in Black Awareness Day. 1739 - Start of the Battle of Porto Bello between British and Spanish forces during the War of Jenkins' Ear. 1776 - American Revolutionary War: British forces land at the Palisades and then attack Fort Lee. The Continental Army starts to retreat across New Jersey. 1789 - New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights. 1805 - Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio, premieres in Vienna. 1815 - The Second Treaty of Paris is signed, returning the French frontiers to their 1790 extent, imposing large indemnities, and prolonging the occupation by Allied troops for several more years. 1820 - An 80-ton sperm whale attacks and sinks the Essex 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America. 1845 - Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata: Battle of Vuelta de Obligado. 1861 - American Civil War: A secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government. 1910 - Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosí, denouncing Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution. 1917 - World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins: British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back. 1936 - José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad. 1940 - World War II: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers. 1943 - World War II: Battle of Tarawa begins: United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns. 1945 - Nuremberg trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg. 1947 - The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London. 1959 - The Declaration of the Rights of the Child is adopted by the United Nations. 1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation. 1968 - A total of 78 miners are killed in an explosion at the Consolidated Coal Company's No. 9 mine in Farmington, West Virginia in the Farmington Mine disaster. 1969 - Vietnam War: The Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam. 1969 - Occupation of Alcatraz: Native American activists seize control of Alcatraz Island until being ousted by the U.S. Government on June 11, 1971. 1974 - The United States Department of Justice files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System. 1974 - The first fatal crash of a Boeing 747 occurs when Lufthansa Flight 540 crashes while attempting to takeoff from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya, killing 59 out of the 157 people on board. 1977 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement. 1979 - Grand Mosque seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from Pakistani special forces to put down the uprising. 1980 - Lake Peigneur drains into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe had been drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole. 1985 - Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released. 1989 - Velvet Revolution: The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million. 1990 - Andrei Chikatilo, one of the Soviet Union's most prolific serial killers, is arrested; he eventually confesses to 56 killings. 1991 - An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend District of Azerbaijan. 1992 - In England, a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage. 1993 - Savings and loan crisis: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating. 1993 - Macedonia's deadliest aviation disaster occurs Avioimpex Flight 110, a Yakovlev Yak-42 crashes near Ohrid killing all 116 people on board. 1994 - The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war. 1996 - A fire breaks out in an office building in Hong Kong, killing 41 people and injuring 81. 1998 - A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. 1998 - The first space station module component, Zarya, for the International Space Station was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. 2003 - After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate. 2015 - Following a hostage siege, at least 19 people are killed in Bamako, Mali. Births 270 - Maximinus II, Roman emperor 939 - Emperor Taizong of Song 1545 - Ernst Ludwig, Duke of Pomerania 1602 - Otto von Guericke, German physicist and politician 1603 - Fasilides, Ethiopian emperor 1620 - Avvakum, Russian priest and saint 1625 - Paulus Potter, Dutch painter 1629 - Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg 1660 - Daniel Ernst Jablonski, Czech-German theologian and reformer 1688 - Gyeongjong of Joseon, 20th king of the Joseon Dynasty 1715 - Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer 1726 - Oliver Wolcott, American politician 1733 - Philip Schuyler, American general and senator 1737 - José Antonio de Alzate y Ramírez, Spanish-Mexican scientist and cartographer 1739 - Jean-François de La Harpe, French writer and literary critic 1748 - Jean-François de Bourgoing, French diplomat, writer and translator 1750 - Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler 1752 - Thomas Chatterton, English poet 1753 - Louis-Alexandre Berthier, 1st Prince of Wagram 1755 - Stanisław Kostka Potocki, Polish noble, politician and writer 1761 - Pope Pius VIII 1776 - Ignaz Schuppanzigh, Austrian violinist 1781 - Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German captain and jurist 1781 - Bartolomeo Pinelli, Italian illustrator and engraver 1782 - Georgius Jacobus Johannes van Os, Dutch painter 1783 - Georgios Sinas, Greek entrepreneur and banker 1784 - Marianne von Willemer, Austrian actress and dancer 1787 - Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, German firearms inventor and manufacturer 1788 - Félix Varela, Cuban-born Roman Catholic priest 1794 - Eduard Rüppell, German naturalist and explorer 1801 - Mungo Ponton, Scottish inventor 1808 - Albert Kazimirski de Biberstein, French orientalist 1813 - Franz Miklosich, Slovenian linguist and philologist 1830 - Mikhail Dragomirov, Russian general 1834 - Franjo Kuhač, Croatian conductor and composer 1841 - Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, lawyer, and jurist 1841 - François Denys Légitime, Haitian general 1841 - Wilfrid Laurier, Canadian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Canada 1850 - Joseph Samuel Bloch, Austrian rabbi and deputy 1850 - Charlotte Garrigue, wife of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk 1851 - Mikhail Albov, Russian writer 1851 - John Merle Coulter, American botanist 1851 - Margherita of Savoy, Italian Queen consort 1853 - Oskar Potiorek, Austro-Hungarian Army officer 1855 - Josiah Royce, American philosopher 1857 - Helena Westermarck, Finnish artist and writer 1858 - Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author and educator, Nobel Prize laureate 1860 - José Figueroa Alcorta, President of Argentina, 1861 - Camillo Laurenti, Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church 1862 - Georges Palante, French philosopher and sociologist 1862 - Edvard Westermarck, Finnish philosopher and sociologist 1864 - Percy Cox, British Indian Army officer 1866 - Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American lawyer and judge 1866 - Maria Letizia Bonaparte, daughter of Prince Napoléon Bonaparte 1867 - Patrick Joseph Hayes, American Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church 1867 - Gustav Giemsa, German chemist and bacteriologist 1869 - Zinaida Gippius, Russian writer and editor 1869 - Josaphata Hordashevska, Ukrainian Greek-Catholic nun 1871 - William Heard Kilpatrick, American pedagogue 1871 - Augusto Weberbauer, German naturalist 1873 - Ramón Castillo, Argentine politician 1873 - William Coblentz, American physicist 1873 - Georges Caussade, French composer 1873 - Daniel Gregory Mason, American composer and music critic 1874 - James Michael Curley, American lawyer, politician, 53rd Governor of Massachusetts, and criminal 1875 - Friedrich Werner von der Schulenburg, German diplomat 1876 - Rudolf Koch, German designer 1877 - Herbert Pitman, English sailor 1880 - Walter Brack, German swimmer 1881 - Irakli Tsereteli, Georgian politician 1882 - Ernestas Galvanauskas, Lithuanian engineer and politician 1883 - Edwin August, American actor and director 1883 - Tony Gaudio, Italian American cinematographer 1884 - Norman Thomas, American minister and politician 1885 - George Holley, English footballer 1885 - Kaarlo Vasama, Finnish gymnast 1886 - Robert Hunter, American golfer 1886 - Karl von Frisch, Austrian-German ethologist and zoologist, Nobel Prize laureate 1886 - Alexandre Stavisky, French financier and embezzler 1887 - Jean Ducret, French footballer 1888 - Dennis Fenton, American sports shooter 1889 - Edwin Hubble, American astronomer and cosmologist 1890 - Robert Armstrong, American actor 1890 - Harald Madsen, Danish actor 1890 - Lauri Tanner, Finnish gymnast 1891 - Reginald Denny, English actor 1892 - James Collip, Canadian biochemist and academic, co-discovered insulin 1893 - André Bloch, French mathematician 1893 - Grace Darmond, Canadian-American actress 1894 - Johann Nikuradse, Georgian-born German engineer and physicist 1895 - Pierre Cot, French politician 1896 - Chiyono Hasegawa, Japanese supercentenarian 1896 - Carl Mayer, Austrian-Jewish screenplay writer 1897 - Germaine Krull, German photographer and political activist 1898 - Richmond Landon, American high jumper 1898 - Adrian Piotrovsky, Russian dramaturge 1899 - Alicja Kotowska, Polish nun 1900 - Florieda Batson, American hurdler, captain of the United States team at the 1922 Women's Olympics 1900 - Helen Bradley, English painter 1900 - Chester Gould, American cartoonist and author, created Dick Tracy 1901 - José Leandro Andrade, Uruguayan footballer 1902 - Gianpiero Combi, Italian footballer 1902 - Erik Eriksen, Danish politician 1902 - Nâzım Hikmet, Turkish writer and director 1902 - Heini Meng, Swiss ice hockey player 1902 - Jean Painlevé, French photographer and filmmaker 1902 - Philipp Schmitt, German officer of the Schutzstaffel 1903 - Alexandra Danilova, Russian-American ballerina and choreographer 1904 - Arnold Gartmann, Swiss bobsledder 1905 - Minoo Masani, Indian lawyer and politician 1906 - Vera Tanner, English swimmer 1907 - Fran Allison, American entertainer 1907 - Mihai Beniuc, Romanian socialist and writer 1907 - Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director, screenwriter and producer 1908 - Louis, Prince of Hesse and by Rhine, the youngest son of Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse 1908 - Alistair Cooke, British-American journalist and author 1908 - Jenő Vincze, Hungarian footballer 1909 - John Berger, Swiss cross-country skier 1909 - Vicente Feola, Brazilian football manager and coach 1909 - Piero Gherardi, Italian costume and set designer 1909 - Samand Siabandov, Soviet Red Army writer 1910 - Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch mathematician, pilot, and academic 1910 - Pauli Murray, American civil rights activist, women's rights activist, lawyer, Episcopal priest, and author 1911 - Eduard Kainberger, Austrian footballer 1911 - David Seymour, Polish photographer 1911 - Jean Shiley, American high jumper 1911 - Rupert Weinstabl, Austrian sprint canoeist 1911 - Paul Zielinski, German footballer 1912 - Enrique Garcia, Argentine footballer 1912 - Otto von Habsburg, the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary 1913 - Franz Berghammer, Austrian field handballer 1913 - Charles Berlitz, American linguist 1913 - Charles Bettelheim, French Marxian economist and historian 1913 - Judy Canova, American actress and comedian 1913 - Kostas Choumis, Greek footballer 1913 - Russell Rouse, American screenwriter, director and producer 1913 - Libertas Schulze-Boysen, German opponent of the Nazis 1913 - Yakov Zak, Soviet pianist 1914 - Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer and politician 1914 - Kurt Lundqvist, Swedish high jumper 1915 - Kon Ichikawa, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter 1915 - Hu Yaobang, Chinese politician 1916 - Charles E. Osgood, American psychologist 1916 - Michael J. Ingelido, American general 1916 - Evelyn Keyes, American actress 1916 - Donald T. Campbell, American social scientist 1917 - Robert Byrd, American lawyer and politician 1917 - Leonard Jimmie Savage, American mathematician 1917 - Erich Leo Lehmann, American statistician 1917 - Bobby Locke, South African golfer 1918 - Corita Kent, American nun, illustrator, and educator 1918 - Dora Ratjen, German high jumper 1919 - Alan Brown, English race car driver 1919 - Phyllis Thaxter, American actress 1920 - Douglas Dick, American actor and psychologist 1921 - Jim Garrison, American lawyer and judge 1923 - Gunnar Åkerlund, Swedish sprint canoer 1923 - Danny Dayton, American actor and director 1923 - Tonino Delli Colli, Italian cinematographer 1923 - Nadine Gordimer, South African novelist, short story writer, and activist, Nobel Prize laureate 1924 - Karen Harup, Danish swimmer 1924 - Timothy Evans, 1924 - Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-American mathematician and economist 1924 - Michael Riffaterre, French literary critic and theorist 1924 - Henk Vredeling, Dutch agronomist and politician, Dutch Minister of Defence 1925 - June Christy, American singer 1925 - Robert F. Kennedy, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 64th United States Attorney General 1925 - Maya Plisetskaya, Russian-Lithuanian ballerina, choreographer, actress, and director 1926 - John Gardner, English soldier and author 1926 - Tôn Thất Đính, Vietnamese general 1926 - Édouard Leclerc, French businessman and entrepreneur 1926 - Miroslav Tichý, Czech photographer 1927 - Vakhtang Balavadze, Georgian wrestler 1927 - Ed Freeman, American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient 1927 - Estelle Parsons, American actress and director 1927 - Wolfgang Schreyer, German writer 1927 - Mikhail Ulyanov, Soviet and Russian actor 1928 - Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor, director, and screenwriter 1928 - Franklin Cover, American actor 1928 - Pedro Ferrándiz, Spanish basketball coach 1928 - John Disley, Welsh athlete 1928 - Pete Rademacher, American boxer 1928 - Genrikh Sapgir, Russian writer 1929 - Jerry Hardin, American actor 1929 - Raymond Lefèvre, French composer 1929 - Gabriel Ochoa Uribe, Colombian footballer 1929 - Ron Willey, Australian rugby league player and coach 1930 - Christine Arnothy, French writer 1930 - Aarón Hernán, Mexican actor 1930 - Bernard Horsfall, English-Scottish actor 1930 - Choe Yong-rim, North Korean Premier 1931 - Wayne Moore, American swimmer 1932 - Richard Dawson, English-American actor and game show host 1932 - Yorozuya Kinnosuke, Japanese kabuki actor 1932 - Sándor Mátrai, Hungarian footballer 1932 - Paulo Valentim, Brazilian footballer 1932 - Colville Young, Governor-General of Belize 1934 - Paco Ibáñez, Spanish singer and musician 1934 - Lev Polugaevsky, Soviet Chess Grandmaster 1935 - Leo Falcam, Micronesian politician and 5th President of Micronesia 1935 - Imre Makovecz, Hungarian architect 1936 - Hans van Abeelen, Dutch geneticist 1936 - Don DeLillo, American novelist, essayist, and playwright 1936 - Luciano Fabro, Italian sculptor and artist 1936 - Charles R. Larson, American admiral 1937 - René Kollo, German tenor 1937 - Ruth Laredo, American pianist and educator 1937 - Eero Mäntyranta, Finnish skier 1937 - Bruno Mealli, Italian cyclist 1937 - Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian author and screenwriter 1938 - Colin Fox, Canadian actor 1939 - Jerry Colangelo, American businessman 1939 - Copi, Argentine writer and artist 1939 - Dick Smothers, American actor and comedian 1939 - Jan Szczepański, Polish boxer 1940 - Wendy Doniger, American indologist 1940 - Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director, producer, and screenwriter 1940 - Ediz Hun, Turkish actor and politician 1940 - Arieh Warshel, Israeli-American biochemist and biophysicist 1941 - Oliver Sipple, U.S. Marine and Vietnam War veteran 1941 - Dr. John, American singer and songwriter 1942 - Joe Biden, American lawyer and politician, 47th Vice President of the United States 1942 - Robert Costanzo, American actor, director, and producer 1942 - Bob Einstein, American actor, producer, and screenwriter 1942 - Norman Greenbaum, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1942 - Meredith Monk, American composer and choreographer 1942 - Paulos Faraj Rahho, Chaldean Catholic Archeparch of Mosul 1943 - David Douglas-Home, British businessman and politician 1943 - Veronica Hamel, American actress and model 1943 - Ivan Hrdlička, Czechoslovakian footballer 1943 - Suze Rotolo, American artist, and former girlfriend of Bob Dylan 1944 - Louie Dampier, American basketball player and coach 1944 - Wayne Maki, Canadian ice hockey player 1944 - Anthea Stewart, Zimbabwean field hockey player 1945 - Deborah Eisenberg, American writer, actress and teacher 1946 - Duane Allman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1946 - Algimantas Butnorius, Lithuanian chess Grandmaster 1946 - Patriarch Kirill of Moscow 1946 - Samuel E. Wright, American actor, voice actor and singer 1947 - Nurlan Balgimbayev, Prime Minister of Kazakhstan 1947 - Eli Ben Rimoz, Israeli footballer 1947 - Joe Walsh, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor 1948 - John R. Bolton, American lawyer and diplomat, 25th United States Ambassador to the United Nations 1948 - Park Chul-soo, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter 1948 - Barbara Hendricks, American-Swedish soprano and actress 1948 - Richard Masur, American actor and director 1948 - Gunnar Nilsson, Swedish race car driver 1948 - Kenjiro Shinozuka, Japanese race car driver 1949 - Jeff Dowd, American film producer and activist 1949 - Thelma Drake, American politician 1949 - Ulf Lundell, Swedish writer and composer 1949 - Juha Mieto, Finnish cross-country skier 1949 - Nené, Portuguese footballer 1950 - Jacqueline Gourault, French politician 1950 - Gary Green, British musician 1951 - Rodger Bumpass, American actor and singer 1951 - León Gieco, Argentine folk rock singer and interpreter 1951 - Aleksey Spiridonov, Soviet footballer 1951 - David Walters, American businessman and politician, 24th Governor of Oklahoma 1952 - John Van Boxmeer, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1953 - Halid Bešlić, Bosnian musician and singer 1953 - Greg Gibson, American wrestler 1953 - Fábio Jr., Brazilian singer-songwriter and actor 1954 - Richard Brooker, English actor and stuntman 1954 - Antonina Koshel, Soviet artistic gymnast 1954 - Frank Marino, Canadian guitarist and singer-songwriter 1954 - Bin Shimada, Japanese voice actor 1955 - Angela Finocchiaro, Italian actress 1955 - Toshio Matsuura, Japanese footballer 1955 - Ray Ozzie, American software industry entrepreneur 1956 - Bo Derek, American actress and producer 1957 - Stefan Bellof, German race car driver 1957 - John Eriksen, Danish footballer 1957 - Jean-Marc Furlan, French football manager 1957 - Goodluck Jonathan, President of Nigeria 1958 - Rickson Gracie, Brazilian mixed martial artist and choreographer 1959 - Raffi Hovannisian, American-born Armenian politician 1959 - Diane James, British politician 1959 - Mario Martone, Italian director and screenwriter 1959 - James McGovern, American lawyer and politician 1959 - Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst, German prelate of the Catholic Church and theologian 1959 - Sean Young, American actress and dancer 1960 - Ye Jiangchuan, Chinese chess player 1960 - Ozell Jones, American basketball player 1961 - Jim Brickman, American singer-songwriter and pianist 1961 - Pierre Hermé, French pastry chef and chocolatier 1961 - Phil Joanou, American director 1961 - Dave Watson, English footballer and manager 1961 - Petra Wenzel, Liechtenstein alpine skier 1962 - Paul Birch, English footballer 1962 - Živko Budimir, Bosnian politician 1962 - Polona Dornik, Yugoslav and Slovenian basketball player 1962 - Gail Ann Dorsey, American musician 1962 - Chris Foy, English football referee 1962 - Rajkumar Hirani, Indian director 1962 - Abderrazak Khairi, Moroccan footballer 1962 - Peng Liyuan, wife of Xi Jinping 1962 - Gerardo Martino, Argentine footballer 1963 - Tim Gavin, Australian rugby player 1963 - Timothy Gowers, English mathematician and academic 1963 - Beezie Madden, American show jumper 1963 - Ming-Na Wen, Chinese-American actress 1964 - Katharina Böhm, Austrian actress 1964 - Boris Dežulović, Croatian journalist and author 1964 - Andriy Kalashnykov, Ukrainian wrestler 1964 - John MacLean, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1965 - Mike D, American rapper and drummer 1965 - Nigel Gibbs, English footballer and coach 1965 - Yehuda Glick, American-Israeli Orthodox rabbi 1965 - Amos Mansdorf, Israeli tennis player 1965 - Takeshi Kusao, Japanese actor and singer 1965 - Jimmy Vasser, American race car driver 1965 - Yoshiki, Japanese musician 1966 - Neil Broad, British tennis player 1966 - Kevin Gilbert, American singer-songwriter and musician 1966 - Terry Lovejoy, Australian information technologist 1966 - Štefan Svitek, Slovak basketball coach 1966 - Jill Thompson, American author and illustrator 1967 - Chris Childs, American basketball player 1967 - Stuart Ripley, English footballer 1967 - Teoman, Turkish singer 1968 - James Dutton, American astronaut 1968 - Andrei Kharlov, Russian chess player 1968 - Paul Scheuring, American screenwriter and director 1968 - David Einhorn, American hedge fund manager 1968 - Jeff Tarango, American tennis player 1969 - Jimmy Blandon, Ecuadorian footballer 1969 - Kristian Ghedina, Italian alpine ski racer 1969 - Chris Harris, New Zealand cricketer 1969 - Wolfgang Stark, German football referee 1969 - Callie Thorne, American actress and producer 1970 - Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan, deputy prime minister of the United Arab Emirates 1970 - Matt Blunt, American lieutenant and politician, 54th Governor of Missouri 1970 - Phife Dawg, American rapper 1970 - Delia Gonzalez, American boxer 1970 - Stéphane Houdet, French wheelchair tennis player 1970 - Geoffrey Keezer, American pianist and educator 1970 - Sabrina Lloyd, American actress 1971 - Mike Dunn, English snooker player 1971 - Joey Galloway, American football player and sportscaster 1971 - Joel McHale, American comedian, actor, and producer 1972 - Johan Åkerman, Swedish ice hockey player 1972 - Jérôme Alonzo, French footballer 1972 - Ed Benes, Brazilian comic book artist 1972 - Paulo Figueiredo, Angolan footballer 1972 - Corinne Niogret, French biathlete 1972 - Skander Souayah, Tunisian footballer 1972 - Tatiana Turanskaya, Transnistrian politician 1973 - Angelica Bridges, American actress and singer 1973 - Fabio Galante, Italian footballer 1973 - Neil Hodgson, English motorcycle racer and sportscaster 1973 - Masaya Honda, Japanese footballer 1974 - Daniela Anschütz-Thoms, German speed skater 1974 - Jason Faunt, American actor 1974 - Florian David Fitz, German actor, screenwriter and director 1974 - Drew Ginn, Australian rower 1974 - Claudio Husain, Argentine footballer 1974 - Jon Knudsen, Norwegian footballer 1975 - Mengke Bateer, Chinese Inner Mongolian basketball player 1975 - Dierks Bentley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1975 - Ryan Bowen, American basketball player and coach 1975 - J. D. Drew, American baseball player 1975 - Joshua Gomez, American actor 1975 - Sébastien Hamel, French footballer 1975 - Davey Havok, American singer-songwriter 1976 - Mohamed Barakat, Egyptian footballer 1976 - Beto, Brazilian footballer 1976 - DeJuan Collins, American basketball player 1976 - Dominique Dawes, American gymnast and actress 1976 - Laura Harris, Canadian actress 1976 - Adrián Hernán González, Argentine footballer 1976 - Harold Jamison, American basketball player 1976 - Tusshar Kapoor, Indian Bollywood actor and producer 1976 - Pascal Roller, German basketball player 1976 - Francisco Rufete, Spanish footballer 1976 - Nebojša Stefanović, Serbian politician 1976 - Doug Viney, New Zealand boxer 1976 - Atsushi Yoneyama, Japanese footballer 1976 - Ji Yun-nam, North Korean footballer 1977 - Rudy Charles, American wrestling referee 1977 - Mikhail Ivanov, Russian cross-country skier 1977 - Daniel Svensson, Swedish drummer and producer 1977 - Josh Turner, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor 1978 - Jean-François Bedenik, French footballer and coach 1978 - Freya Lim, Taiwanese-Malaysian singer and radio host 1978 - Kéné Ndoye, Senegalese track and fielder 1978 - Nadine Velazquez, American actress and model 1979 - Maree Bowden, New Zealand netball player 1979 - Dmitri Bulykin, Russian footballer 1979 - Kateryna Burmistrova, Ukrainian wrestler 1979 - Naide Gomes, Portuguese heptathlete and long jumper 1979 - Joseph Hallman, American composer and academic 1979 - Anastasiya Kapachinskaya, Russian sprint athlete 1979 - Hassan Mostafa, Egyptian footballer 1979 - Jacob Pitts, American actor 1979 - Shalini, Indian actress 1979 - Arpad Sterbik, Serbian handball player 1980 - Dilnaz Akhmadieva, Kazakhstani singer and actress 1980 - James Chambers, English footballer 1980 - Eiko Koike, Japanese actress 1980 - Poonsawat Kratingdaenggym, Thai boxer 1980 - Marek Krejčí, Slovak footballer 1980 - Ana Caterina Morariu, Romanian-Italian actress 1980 - Christian Obrist, Italian middle distance runner 1980 - Eoin Reddan, Irish rugby union player 1980 - Martina Suchá, Slovak tennis player 1981 - Carlos Boozer, American basketball player 1981 - Espen Hoff, Norwegian footballer 1981 - Yuko Kavaguti, Japanese ice skater 1981 - Ye Li, Chinese basketball player 1981 - Andrea Riseborough, English actress 1981 - İbrahim Toraman, Turkish footballer 1981 - Orsolya Tóth, Hungarian actress 1981 - Kimberley Walsh, English singer-songwriter and actress 1982 - Stephen Ademolu, Canadian footballer 1982 - Bobby Creekwater, American rapper 1982 - Dương Hồng Sơn, Vietnamese footballer 1982 - Rémi Mathis, French historian and curator 1982 - Shermine Shahrivar, Iranian model 1982 - Margo Stilley, American actress and writer 1982 - Gregor Urbas, Slovenian figure skater 1982 - Israel Villaseñor, Mexican footballer 1983 - Future, American rapper 1983 - Dele Aiyenugba, Nigerian footballer 1983 - Mónika Kovacsicz, Hungarian handballer 1984 - Ali, South Korean singer 1984 - Halley Feiffer, American actress and playwright 1984 - Kévin Hecquefeuille, French ice hockey player 1984 - Justin Hoyte, English footballer 1984 - Jeremy Jordan, American actor 1984 - Cartier Martin, American basketball player 1984 - Nelson Sebastián Maz, Uruguayan footballer 1984 - Sherjill MacDonald, Dutch footballer 1984 - Moe Meguro, Japanese curler 1984 - Ferdinando Monfardini, Italian race car driver 1984 - Florencia Mutio, Argentine field hockey player 1984 - Stéphane N'Guéma, Gabonese footballer 1984 - Naoya Tamura, Japanese footballer 1984 - Monique van der Vorst, Dutch cyclist 1984 - Lee Yun-yeol, South Korean gamer 1985 - Juan Cruz Álvarez, Argentinian race car driver 1985 - Eric Boateng, British basketball player 1985 - Dan Byrd, American actor 1985 - Muhamed Demiri, Macedonian footballer 1985 - Greg Holland, American baseball player 1985 - Maria Mukhortova, Russian skater 1985 - Heinrich Schmidtgal, Kazakhstani footballer 1985 - Themistoklis Tzimopoulos, Greek New Zealander footballer 1985 - Aaron Yan, Taiwanese actor and singer 1986 - Josh Carter, American basketball player 1986 - Edder Delgado, Honduran footballer 1986 - Ashley Fink, American actress and singer 1986 - Kōhei Horikoshi, Japanese manga artist 1986 - Özer Hurmacı, Turkish footballer 1986 - William Fernando da Silva, Brazilian footballer 1986 - Oliver Sykes, English singer-songwriter 1986 - Bartolomé Salvá Vidal, Spanish tennis player 1986 - Koudai Tsukakoshi, Japanese race car driver 1987 - Amelia Rose Blaire, American actress 1987 - Andrew Driver, English footballer 1987 - Ben Hamer, English footballer 1987 - Mylène Lazare, French swimmer 1987 - Kou Lei, Ukrainian table tennis player 1987 - Nathan Lyon, Australian cricketer 1987 - Joëlle Numainville, Canadian cyclist 1987 - Christoph Pfingsten, German cyclist 1987 - Valdet Rama, Albanian footballer 1987 - Gina Stechert, German alpine skier 1988 - Marie-Laure Brunet, French biathlete 1988 - Aya Medany, Egyptian modern pentathlete. 1988 - Max Pacioretty, American ice hockey player 1988 - Roberto Rosales, Venezuelan footballer 1988 - Dariga Shakimova, Kazakhstani boxer 1988 - Dušan Tadić, Serbian footballer 1988 - Rhys Wakefield, Australian actor and director 1989 - Artak Dashyan, Armenian footballer 1989 - Babita Kumari, Indian wrestler 1989 - Cody Linley, American actor and singer 1989 - Agon Mehmeti, Swedish footballer 1989 - Jonas Mendes, Bissau-Guinean footballer 1989 - Sergei Polunin, Ukrainian ballet dancer 1989 - Eduardo Vargas, Chilean footballer 1989 - Dmitry Zhitnikov, Russian handballer 1990 - Haley Anderson, American swimmer 1990 - Mark Christian, Manx cyclist 1990 - Aleksandra Król, Polish snowboarder 1990 - Slobodan Medojević, Serbian footballer 1990 - Nzuzi Toko, Congolese footballer 1991 - Irene Esser, Venezuelan actress and model 1991 - Grant Hanley, Scottish footballer 1991 - Anthony Knockaert, French footballer 1991 - Yvonne Leuko, Cameroonian footballer 1991 - Christian Lindell, Brazilian tennis player 1991 - Kim Se-yong, South Korean singer and actor 1991 - Tim Simona, New Zealand rugby league player 1992 - Amit Guluzade, Azerbaijani footballer 1992 - Zoltán Harcsa, Hungarian boxer 1992 - Maiha Ishimura, Japanese singer and actress 1992 - Kristiina Mäkelä, Finnish triple jumper 1992 - Gaku Matsuda, Japanese actor 1992 - Jenna Prandini, American track and field athlete 1992 - Brayan Ramirez, Colombian cyclist 1992 - Freddie Veseli, Albanian footballer 1993 - Junior Paulo, New Zealand rugby league player 1993 - Sanjin Prcić, Bosnian footballer 1993 - Anna Prugova, Russian ice hockey player 1993 - Sumire Satō, Japanese singer and actress 1994 - Timothy Kitum, Kenyan middle distance runner 1995 - Théo Bongonda, Belgian footballer 1995 - Timothy Cheruiyot, Kenyan athlete 1995 - Iván Garcia, Spanish cyclist 1995 - Shaolin Sándor Liu, Hungarian short track speed skater 1995 - Kyle Snyder, American wrestler 1996 - Jack Harrison, English professional footballer 1996 - Blaž Janc, Slovenian handballer 1996 - Denis Zakaria, Swiss footballer 1997 - Levi Garcia, Trinidadian footballer 2000 - Connie Talbot, English singer-songwriter 2002 - Madisyn Shipman, American actress Deaths 284 - Numerian, Roman emperor 763 - Domnall Midi, High King of Ireland 811 - Li Fan, Chinese chancellor 855 - Theoktistos, Byzantine courtier 869 - Edmund the Martyr, English king 927 - Xu Wen, Chinese general 996 - Richard I, duke of Normandy 1008 - Geoffrey I, duke of Brittany 1022 - Bernward of Hildesheim, German bishop 1314 - Albert II, German nobleman 1316 - John I, king of France and Navarra 1400 - Elisabeth of Moravia, margravine of Meissen 1480 - Eleanor of Scotland, Scottish princess 1518 - Pierre de la Rue, Belgian singer and composer 1559 - Lady Frances Brandon, English noblewoman and claimant to the throne of England 1591 - Christopher Hatton, English academic and politician, Lord Chancellor of England 1593 - Hans Bol, Flemish painter 1606 - John Lyly, English poet and courtier 1612 - John Harington, English courtier and author 1651 - Mikołaj Potocki, Polish nobleman 1678 - Karel Dujardin, Dutch Golden Age painter 1662 - Leopold Wilhelm, Austrian duke and governor 1695 - Zumbi, Brazilian king 1704 - Charles Plumier, French botanist and painter 1737 - Caroline of Ansbach, queen of England and Ireland 1742 - Melchior de Polignac, French cardinal and poet 1758 - Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish violinist and composer 1764 - Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician and theorist 1773 - Charles Jennens, English landowner and patron of the arts 1778 - Francesco Cetti, Italian priest, zoologist, and mathematician 1824 - Carl Axel Arrhenius, Swedish chemist 1856 - Farkas Bolyai, Romanian-Hungarian mathematician and academic 1864 - Albert Newsam, American painter and illustrator 1866 - Otto Karl Berg, German botanist and pharmacist 1880 - Léon Cogniet, French painter 1882 - Henry Draper, American doctor and astronomer 1886 - William Bliss Baker, American painter 1894 - Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor 1898 - Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet, English engineer 1903 - Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat, French race car driver 1903 - Tom Horn, American scout, cowboy, soldier 1908 - Albert Dietrich, German composer and conductor 1908 - Georgy Voronoy, Ukrainian mathematician and academic 1910 - Leo Tolstoy, Russian author and playwright 1918 - John Bauer, Swedish painter and illustrator 1923 - Allen Holubar, American actor and director 1924 - Ebenezer Cobb Morley, English sportsman and the father of the Football Association and modern football 1925 - Alexandra of Denmark, queen of England 1930 - Bill Holland, American track and field athlete 1933 - Augustine Birrell, British politician 1934 - Willem de Sitter, Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer 1935 - John Jellicoe, Royal Navy officer 1936 - Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish mechanic and activist 1936 - José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician 1938 - Maud of Wales, queen of Norway 1938 - Edwin Hall, American physicist 1940 - Arturo Bocchini, Chief of Police under the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini 1940 - Tim Coleman, English footballer 1940 - Robert Lane, Canadian footballer 1941 - Elmar Muuk, Estonian linguist and author 1944 - Maria Jacobini, Italian actress 1945 - Francis William Aston, English chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate 1947 - Wolfgang Borchert, German author and playwright 1950 - Francesco Cilea, Italian composer 1952 - Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher and politician 1954 - Clyde Vernon Cessna, American pilot and engineer, founded the Cessna Aircraft Corporation 1957 - Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian painter and illustrator 1959 - Sylvia Lopez, French model and actress 1960 - Ya'akov Cahan, Israeli writer and translator 1972 - Ennio Flaiano, Italian writer and journalist 1973 - Allan Sherman, American actor, comedian, and producer 1975 - Francisco Franco, Spanish Fascist dictator 1976 - Trofim Lysenko, Ukrainian-Russian biologist and agronomist 1978 - Giorgio de Chirico, Greek-Italian painter and sculptor 1978 - Vasilisk Gnedov, Russian soldier and poet 1980 - John McEwen, Australian lawyer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Australia 1983 - Marcel Dalio, French actor and playwright 1983 - Richard Loo, Chinese-American actor 1984 - Carlo Campanini, Italian actor, singer and comedian 1984 - Kristian Djurhuus, Faroese politician, 2nd Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands 1984 - Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Pakistani journalist and poet 1989 - Lynn Bari, American actress 1992 - Raul Renter, Estonian economist and chess player 1994 - Jānis Krūmiņš, Latvian basketball player 1995 - Sergei Grinkov, Russian figure skater 1995 - Robie Macauley, American editor, novelist and critic 1997 - Dick Littlefield, American baseball player 1997 - Robert Palmer, American saxophonist, producer, and author 1998 - Roland Alphonso, Jamaican saxophonist 1998 - Galina Starovoytova, Russian ethnographer and politician 1999 - Amintore Fanfani, Italian journalist and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Italy 2000 - Mike Muuss, American computer programmer, created Ping 2000 - Kalle Päätalo, Finnish author 2000 - Barbara Sobotta, Polish athlete 2002 - Kakhi Asatiani, Georgian footballer 2003 - Robert Addie, English actor 2003 - David Dacko, African educator and politician, 1st President of the Central African Republic 2003 - Eugene Kleiner, American businessman, co-founded Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers 2004 - Ancel Keys, American physiologist 2005 - Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian journalist and poet 2005 - James King, American tenor 2005 - Chris Whitley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 2006 - Robert Altman, American director, producer, and screenwriter 2006 - Zoia Ceaușescu, Romanian mathematician and academic 2006 - Donald Hamilton, American author 2007 - Kenneth S. Kleinknecht, NASA manager 2007 - Ian Smith, Rhodesian lieutenant and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Rhodesia 2009 - Lino Lacedelli, Italian mountaineer 2010 - Chalmers Johnson, American author and scholar 2012 - Kaspars Astašenko, Latvian ice hockey player 2012 - William Grut, Swedish pentathlete 2012 - Pete La Roca, American jazz drummer 2012 - Ivan Kušan, Croatian writer 2013 - Sylvia Browne, American author 2013 - Dieter Hildebrandt, Polish-German actor and screenwriter 2014 - Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba 2015 - Keith Michell, Australian actor 2015 - Jim Perry, American-Canadian singer and game show host 2015 - Kitanoumi Toshimitsu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 55th Yokozuna 2016 - Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer 2016 - Gene Guarilia, American basketball player 2016 - Konstantinos Stephanopoulos, Greek statesman 2016 - William Trevor, Irish novelist, playwright, and short story writer 2017 - Peter Berling, German actor, film producer and writer 2018 - James H. Billington, 13th Librarian of Congress 2019 - Wataru Misaka, American basketball player Holidays and observances 20-N Africa Industrialization Day Black Awareness Day Children's Day Christian feast day: *Agapius *Ambrose Traversari *Ampelus and Caius *Blessed Anacleto González Flores, José Sánchez del Río, and companions *Bernward of Hildesheim *Dasius of Durostorum *Edmund the Martyr *Felec of Cornwall *Gregory of Dekapolis * Blessed Josaphata Hordashevska *Solutor, Octavius, and Adventor *Theonestus of Vercelli *November 20 Earliest day on which the Feast of Christ the King can fall, while November 26 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday before Advent. National Sovereignty Day Revolution Day Royal Thai Navy Day Teachers' Day or Ngày nhà giáo Việt Nam Transgender Day of Remembrance
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