A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 25,000 soldiers.
In most armies, a division is composed of several regiments or brigades; in turn, several divisions typically make up a corps. Historically, the division has been the default combined arms unit capable of independent operations. Smaller combined arms units, such as the American regimental combat team during World War II, were used when conditions favored them. In recent times, modern Western militaries have begun adopting the smaller brigade combat team as the default combined arms unit, with the division they belong to being less important.
While the focus of this article is on army divisions, in naval usage, "division" has a completely different meaning, referring to either an administrative/functional sub-unit of a department aboard naval and coast guard ships, shore commands, and in naval aviation units, to a sub-unit of several ships within a flotilla or squadron, or to two or three sections of aircraft operating under a designated division leader. Some languages, like Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Polish, also use a similar word, divizion/dywizjon, for a battalion-size artillery or cavalry unit.
OriginsIn the West, the first general to think of organising an army into smaller combined-arms units was Maurice de Saxe, Marshal General of France, in his book Mes Rêveries. He died at the age of 54, without having implemented his idea. Victor-François de Broglie put the ideas into practice. He conducted successful practical experiments of the divisional system in the Seven Years' War.
Early divisionsThe first war in which the divisional system was used systematically was the French Revolutionary War. Lazare Carnot of the Committee of Public Safety, who was in charge of military affairs, came to the same conclusion about it as the previous royal government, and the army was organised into divisions.
It made the armies more flexible and easy to maneuver, and it also made the large army of the revolution manageable. Under Napoleon, the divisions were grouped together into corps, because of their increasing size. Napoleon's military success spread the divisional and corps system all over Europe; by the end of the Napoleonic Wars, all armies in Europe had adopted it.
World War IIThe divisional system reached its numerical height during the Second World War. The Soviet Union's Red Army consisted of more than a thousand division-sized units at any one time, and the number of rifle divisions raised during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945 is estimated at 2,000. Nazi Germany had hundreds of numbered and/or named divisions, while the United States employed up to 91 divisions.
A notable change to divisional structures during the war was completion of the shift from square divisions to triangular divisions that many European armies had started using in World War I. This was done to increase flexibility and to pare down chain-of-command overhead. The triangular division structure allowed the tactic of "two forward, one back", where two of the division's regiments could engage the enemy with one regiment in reserve.
All divisions in World War II were expected to have their own artillery formations, usually the size of a regiment. Divisional artillery was occasionally seconded by corps-level command to increase firepower in larger engagements.
During the war the US also used regimental combat teams, whereby attached and/or organic divisional units were parceled out to infantry regiments, creating smaller combined-arms units with their own armor and artillery and support units. These combat teams would still be under divisional command but had some level of autonomy on the battlefield.
Organic units within divisions were units which operated directly under divisional command and were not normally controlled by the regiments. These units were mainly support units in nature, and included signal companies, medical battalions, supply trains and administration.
Attached units were smaller units that were placed under divisional command temporarily for the purpose of completing a particular mission. These units were usually combat units such as tank battalions, tank-destroyer battalions or cavalry-reconnaissance squadrons.
Modern divisionsIn modern times, most military forces have standardized their divisional structures. This does not mean that divisions are equal in size or structure from country to country, but divisions have, in most cases, come to be units of 10,000 to 15,000 soldiers with enough organic support to be capable of independent operations. Usually, the direct organization of the division consists of one to four brigades or battle groups of its primary combat arm, along with a brigade or regiment of combat support and a number of direct-reporting battalions for necessary specialized support tasks, such as intelligence, logistics, reconnaissance, and combat engineers. Most militaries standardize ideal organization strength for each type of division, encapsulated in a Table of Organization and Equipment which specifies exact assignments of units, personnel, and equipment for a division.
The modern division became the primary identifiable combat unit in many militaries during the second half of the 20th century, supplanting the brigade; however, the trend started to reverse since the end of the Cold War. The peak use of the division as the primary combat unit occurred during World War II, when the belligerents deployed over a thousand divisions. With technological advances since then, the combat power of each division has increased.
TypesDivisions are often formed to organize units of a particular type together with appropriate support units to allow independent operations. In more recent times, divisions have mainly been organized as combined arms units with subordinate units representing various combat arms. In this case, the division often retains the name of a more specialized division, and may still be tasked with a primary role suited to that specialization.
Infantry division"Infantry division" refers to a military formation composed primarily of infantry units, also supported by units from other combat arms. In the Soviet Union and Russia, an infantry division is often referred to as a "rifle division". A "motorised infantry" division refers to a division with a majority of infantry subunits transported on soft-skinned motor vehicles. A "mechanized infantry" division refers to a division with a majority of infantry subunits transported on armored personnel carriers or infantry fighting vehicles or both, or even some other class of armored fighting vehicles designed for the transportation of infantry. Mechanized infantry divisions in Nazi Germany were called "Panzergrenadier divisions". In Russia, they were known as "motor rifle divisions".
Because of the ease and simplicity involved in forming divisions of infantry compared to other formations, infantry divisions have often been the most numerous in historical warfare. Most US divisions during World War II were infantry divisions.
Infantry divisions were also expected to travel by foot from place to place, with transport vehicles or pack horses used to augment their travel. Divisions evolved over the course of time. For instance, in 1944, Nazi Germany designated some of their infantry formations as Volksgrenadier divisions, which were slightly smaller than the regular divisions, with wider issue of sub-machine guns, automatic and anti-tank weapons to reflect the reality that they were to be used in defensive warfare. In 1945, Nazi Germany seconded members of the Kriegsmarine to create "naval divisions", which were of lower quality that the infantry divisions of the Army. They also created "Luftwaffe field divisions" from members of the Luftwaffe.
Infantry divisions were sometimes given the responsibility of garrison work. These were named "frontier guard divisions", "static infantry divisions" and "fortress divisions", and were mainly used by Nazi Germany.
Cavalry divisionFor most nations, cavalry was deployed in smaller units and was not therefore organized into divisions, but for larger militaries, such as that of the British Empire, United States, First French Empire, France, German Empire, Nazi Germany, Russian Empire, Empire of Japan, Second Polish Republic and Soviet Union, a number of cavalry divisions were formed. They were most often similar to the nations' infantry divisions in structure, although they usually had fewer and lighter support elements, with cavalry brigades or regiments replacing the infantry units, and supporting units, such as artillery and supply, being horse-drawn. For the most part, large cavalry units did not remain after World War II.
While horse cavalry had been found to be obsolete, the concept of cavalry as a fast force capable of missions traditionally fulfilled by horse cavalry made a return to military thinking during the Cold War. In general, two new types of cavalry were developed: air cavalry or airmobile, relying on helicopter mobility, and armored cavalry, based on an autonomous armored formation. The former was pioneered by the 11th Air Assault Division, formed on 1 February 1963 at Fort Benning, Georgia. On 29 June 1965, the division was renamed the 1st Cavalry Division, before its departure for the Vietnam War.
After the end of the Vietnam War, the 1st Cavalry Division was reorganised and re-equipped with tanks and armored scout vehicles to form armored cavalry.
The concept of a fast-moving, armored reconnaissance force has remained in modern armies, but these units are now smaller and make up a combined arms force used in modern brigades and divisions, and are no longer granted divisional status.
"Light divisions" were German horse cavalry divisions organized early in World War II which included motorized units.
Armored divisionThe development of the tank during World War I prompted some nations to experiment with forming them into division-size units. Many did this the same way as they did cavalry divisions, by merely replacing cavalry with AFVs and motorizing the supporting units. This proved unwieldy in combat, as the units had many tanks but few infantry units. Instead, a more balanced approach was taken by adjusting the number of tank, infantry, artillery, and support units.
The terms "tank division" or "mechanized division" are alternative names for armored divisions. A "Panzer division" was an armoured division of the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS of Germany during World War II.
Since the end of the war, most armoured and infantry divisions have had significant numbers of both tank and infantry units within them. The difference has usually been in the mix of battalions assigned. Additionally, in some militaries, armoured divisions are equipped with more advanced or powerful tanks than other divisions.
Mountain divisionMountain divisions are infantry divisions given special training and equipment to operate in hilly, mountainous or arctic areas. Some examples of these formations include the US 10th Mountain Division and the German 1st Ski Division.
Nazi Germany also organized "Jäger divisions" to operate in more adverse terrain.
Italian Mountain divisions are called "Alpini'' divisions".
Airborne divisionAn airborne division is an infantry division given special training and equipment for air transport.
The US, Britain, and Germany experimented during World War II with specialized light infantry divisions capable of being quickly transported by transport aircraft, or dropped into an area by parachute or glider. This required both high-quality equipment and training, creating elite units in the process and usually manned by volunteers rather than conscripts.
The German 1st Parachute Division, which was part of the Luftwaffe and not the Heer, was instrumental in the 1941 Battle of Crete. US and British airborne troops first participated during the 1943 invasion of Sicily. The use of airborne divisions during the Invasion of Normandy was crucial to its success. Further allied paratroop operations were made during the 1944 Operation Market Garden and the 1945 Operation Varsity.
When not being used for a specific airborne mission, airborne divisions usually functioned as light infantry divisions.
An "air assault division" is an airborne division that mainly uses helicopters to transport its troops around.
Artillery divisionThe Soviet Union developed the concept of the specialized "artillery division" during the Eastern Front of the Second World War in 1942, although plans were in place since the later stages of the Russian Civil War. An artillery division serves as a specialized division using only artillery howitzers, anti-tank guns, rocket artillery and mortars and are usually tasked with providing concentrated firepower support to higher combined arms formations. They are mainly combat support formations most performing operations in support of the infantry and armor.
Security divisionNazi Germany organized Security divisions to operate in captured territory to provide rear-echelon security against partisans and maintain order among civilians. Structured like an infantry division, a security division was more likely to contain lower quality troops and was not intended to serve directly at the front. SS units of this type were called "SS Polizei divisions".
The Soviet Union organized NKVD divisions to act as security divisions. In a few cases, NKVD divisions were employed in front-line combat as rifle divisions.
NomenclatureDivisions are commonly designated by combining an ordinal number and a type name. Nicknames are often assigned or adopted, although these often are not considered an official part of the unit's, with divisions of the Italian Army being one of the exceptions. In some cases, divisional titles lack an ordinal number, often in the case of unique units or units serving as elite or special troops. For clarity in histories and reports, the nation is identified before the number. This also helps in historical studies, but due to the nature of intelligence on the battlefield, division names and assignments are at times obscured. However, the size of the division rarely makes such obfuscation necessary.
In the years leading up to the end of the cold war and beyond, the type names of various divisions became less important. The majority of US Infantry divisions were now mechanized and had significant numbers of tanks and IFVs, becoming de facto armored divisions. US armored divisions had more tanks but less infantry than these infantry divisions. Moreover, the sole cavalry division was structured the same way as an armored division.
With the introduction of modular brigade combat teams in modern divisions, the nomenclature type is even less important, since a division can now be made of up any combination of light infantry, Stryker and armored BCTs. For example, the US 1st Infantry Division currently along with support troops, with no light infantry units at all. By contrast, the current 1st Armored Division along with its support troops.
Nevertheless, some US division types will retain their mission: The 82nd and 101st airborne divisions have airborne infantry BCTs, while the 10th Mountain Division has only light infantry BCTs.
AustraliaHistorically, the Australian Army has fielded a number of divisions. During World War I, a total of six infantry divisions were raised as part of the all-volunteer Australian Imperial Force: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th. The 1st Division and part of the 2nd saw service during the Gallipoli Campaign in 1915 before later taking part in the fighting on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918 along with the 3rd, 4th and 5th. The 6th Division existed only briefly in 1917, but was disbanded without seeing combat to make up for manpower shortages in the other divisions. Another infantry division, known as the New Zealand and Australian Division, was also formed from Australian and New Zealand troops and saw service at Gallipoli. Two divisions of Australian Light Horse were also formed – the Australian Mounted Division and the ANZAC Mounted Division – both of which served in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the war.
, 22 January 1941
In the inter-war years, on paper the Australian Army was organised into seven divisions: five infantry and two cavalry, albeit on a reduced manning scale. During World War II, the size of Australia's force was expanded to eventually include 12 infantry divisions: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th. Of these, four – the 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th – were raised as part of the all-volunteer Second Australian Imperial Force, while the others formed part of the Militia, and were maintained through a mixture of volunteers and conscripts. In addition to the infantry divisions, three armoured divisions were formed: 1st, 2nd and 3rd. The Australian divisions were used in various campaigns, ranging from North Africa, Greece,
Syria and Lebanon, to the South West Pacific.
The Australian army currently has two divisions. The 1st Division is a skeleton organisation that acts as a deployable force headquarters, while the 2nd is a Reserve formation.
BangladeshThe 9th Infantry Division was raised on 20 November 1975 in Dhaka as the first division of the Bangladesh Army. Currently, Bangladesh Army has ten infantry divisions under its command. Each infantry division consists of one artillery brigade, 3 or 4 infantry brigades/regiments. In addition, few divisions have one armored brigade each. The active infantry divisions are-
- 7th Infantry Division, headquartered at Sheikh Hasina cantonment, Patuakhali
- 9th Infantry Division, headquartered at Savar Cantonment, Dhaka
- 10th Infantry Division, headquartered at Ramu Cantonment, Cox's Bazar
- 11th Infantry Division, headquartered at Bogra Cantonment, Bogra
- 17th Infantry Division, headquartered at Jalalabad Cantonment, Sylhet
- 19th Infantry Division, headquartered at Shahid Salahuddin Cantonment, Tangail
- 24th Infantry Division, headquartered at Chittagong Cantonment, Chittagong
- 33rd Infantry Division, headquartered at Comilla Cantonment, Comilla
- 55th Infantry Division, headquartered at Jessore Cantonment, Jessore
- 66th Infantry Division, headquartered at Rangpur Cantonment, Rangpur
The other military forces of the Brazilian Army are subordinated directly to the area military commands, not having a commanding division. In this case, the employment of these troops is coordinated by the operations coordinating center of the area military commands.
CanadaThe first division-sized formation raised by the Canadian military was the First Contingent of the Canadian Expeditionary Force; raised in 1914, it was renamed the Canadian Division in early 1915 when it took to the field, and became the 1st Canadian Division when a 2nd Canadian Division took to the field later that year. A 3rd Canadian Division and 4th Canadian Division saw service in France and Flanders, and a Fifth Canadian Division was disbanded in the United Kingdom and broken up for reinforcements. The four divisions were disbanded in 1919.
Canada had nominal divisions on paper between the wars, overseeing the Militia, but no active duty divisions. On 1 September 1939, two divisions were raised as part of the Canadian Active Service Force; a Third Division was raised in 1940, followed by a First Canadian Division and Fourth Canadian Division. The First Armoured was renamed the Fifth Canadian Division and the Fourth Division also became an armoured formation. The 1st and 5th Divisions fought in the Mediterranean between 1943 and early 1945; the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Divisions served in Northwest Europe. A Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Division were raised for service in Canada, with one brigade of the Sixth Division going to Kiska in 1943. By 1945, the latter three divisions were disbanded as the threat to North America diminished. A Third Canadian Division was raised in 1945 for occupation duty in Germany, organized parallel to the combatant Third Division, and a Sixth Canadian Division was undergoing formation and training for the invasion of Japan when the latter country surrendered in September 1945. All five combatant divisions, as well as the CAOF and CAPF, were disbanded by the end of 1946.
A First Canadian Division Headquarters was authorized once again in April 1946, but remained dormant until formally disbanded in July 1954. Simultaneously, however, another "Headquarters, First Canadian Infantry Division" was authorized as part of the Canadian Army Active Force, in October 1953. This, the first peacetime division in Canadian history, consisted of a brigade in Germany, one in Edmonton and one at Valcartier. This division was disbanded in April 1958.
The First Canadian Division was reactivated in 1988 and served until the 1990s when the headquarters of the division was transformed into the Canadian Forces Joint Headquarters and placed under the control of the Canadian Expeditionary Force Command. The CFJHQ was transformed back into Headquarters, 1st Canadian Division, on 23 June 2010, the unit once more falling under the control of the Canadian Army. The unit is based at Kingston. Canada currently has five divisions under its command.
- 1st Canadian Division, headquarters is located in Kingston.
- 2nd Canadian Division, headquarters is located in Montreal.
- 3rd Canadian Division, headquarters is located in Edmonton.
- 4th Canadian Division, headquarters is located in Toronto.
- 5th Canadian Division, headquarters is located in Halifax.
People's RepublicThe People's Liberation Army Ground Force is the world's largest ground force, currently totaling some 1.6 million personnel. The ground forces are divided into five Theater Commands. The regular forces of the ground forces consist of 18 group armies: corps-size combined arms units each with 24,000–50,000 personnel. The group armies contained among them:
- 25 infantry divisions
- 9 armored divisions
- 2 artillery divisions
National Revolutionary ArmyThe NRA Division was a military unit of the Republic of China. The original pattern of the infantry division organization of the early Republic was a square division. It was formed with two infantry brigades of two infantry regiments of three infantry battalions, an artillery regiment of fifty-four guns and eighteen machineguns, a cavalry regiment of twelve squadrons, an engineer battalion of four companies, a transport battalion of four companies, and other minor support units.
In the mid-1930s, the Nationalist government with the help of German advisors attempted to modernize their army and intended to form sixty Reorganized Divisions and a number of reserve divisions. Under the strains and losses of the early campaigns of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Chinese decided in mid-1938 to standardize their Divisions as triangular divisions as part of their effort to simplify the command structure and placed them under Corps, which became the basic tactical units. The remaining scarce artillery and the other support formations were withdrawn from the Division and were held at Corps or Army level or even higher. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Chinese Republic mobilized at least 310 infantry divisions, 23 cavalry divisions, and one mechanized division.
ColombiaIn the Colombian Army, a division is formed by two or more brigades and is usually commanded by a major general. Today, the Colombian Army has eight active divisions:
- 1st Division – Its jurisdiction covers the Northern Region of Colombia in which there are the departments of Cesar, La Guajira, Magdalena, Sucre, Bolívar and Atlántico.
- 2nd Division – Its jurisdiction covers the north eastern Colombia in which there are the departments of Norte de Santander, Santander and Arauca.
- 3rd Division – Its jurisdiction covers the South West of Colombia in which there are the departamentos of Nariño, Valle del Cauca, Cauca, Caldas, Quindio, part of Santander and the southern part of the Chocó.
- 4th Division – Its jurisdiction covers the eastern region of Colombia in which there are the departments of Meta, Guaviare, and part of Vaupés.
- 5th Division – Its jurisdiction covers the Central Region of Colombia in which there are the departments of Cundinamarca, Boyaca, Huila and Tolima.
- 6th Division – Its jurisdiction covers the southern region of Colombia in which there are the departments of Amazonas, Caquetá, Putumayo and southern Vaupés.
- 7th Division – Its jurisdiction covers the western region of Colombia in which there are the departments of Cordoba, Antioquia, and part of the Chocó.
- 8th Division – Its jurisdiction covers the northeastern region of Colombia in which there are the departments of Casanare, Arauca, Vichada, Guainía, and the municipalities of Boyaca of Cubará, Pisba, Paya, Labranzagrande and Pajarito.
- 2nd Infantry Division - One of the oldest units in the Egyptian Army, formed in 1947 and currently part of the Central Military Region the division was originally foot infantry but turned into mechanized in the late 1980s.
- 3rd Mechanized Infantry Division - formed in 1951 as foot infantry and was fully mechanized in 1972. Currently part of the Northern Military Region alongside the 11th independent armored brigade. The division saw service in the Gulf War alongside the Egyptian 4th Armored Division during Operation Desert Shield.
- 7th Mechanized Infantry Division - formed as foot infantry division in the mid 1960s. Currently a part of the Second Army.
- 16th Mechanized Infantry Division - formed in 1972 and participated in Yom Kippur War and currently part of the Second Army
- 18th Mechanized Infantry Division - formed in 1972 and played a vital role in the Yom Kippur War as it accomplished its task of storming the El Qantara fortified points of the Bar Lev Line and liberating the town of El Qantara itself within 6/7 of October and successfully halted & destroyed several Israeli counterattacks on its sector. Currently part of the Second Army
- 19th Infantry Division - Formed in 1972 and participated in Yom Kippur War and considered one of the most notable units of the Egyptian Army due to its heroic actions during Yom Kippur War where it was the only division to not lose a single battle. One of these battles was Battle of Suez. Currently part of the Third Army.
- 20th Palestinian/Gaza Division during Suez Crisis.
- 23rd Mechanized Infantry Division - formed in 1972 and participated in the Yom Kippur War. Currently part of the Third Army
- 33rd Mechanized Infantry Division - formed in the early 2000s and currently part of the Western Military Region.
- 4th Armoured Division - the Division is considered as one of the greatest, respected and oldest active formations in the Egyptian Army. It was formed in 1956 and participated in all of Egypt's modern conflicts and because of that, the division is nicknamed the Knights of Egypt and Crown of the Third Army. Its most notable service was during Yom Kippur War when the 3rd Armored Brigade advanced 12 kilometers deep into Sinai without the air, anti-tank and infantry support it requested. As the brigade surprise attacked the much larger Israeli forces, they gave them heavy casualties but since the Israeli units had air support, the brigade couldn't survive and lost its commander and most of its tanks in action. Still part of Third Army.
- 6th Armored Division - formed in the mid-1960s as a Mechanized Division then by the late 1990s it was transformed into Armored Division. Currently part of the Second Army.
- 9th Armored Division - formed in 1987 with the main objective of protecting Southern Cairo and currently serves as part of the Central Military Region.
- 21st Armored Division - formed in the mid-1960s and participated in the Six Day War and Yom Kippur War. Currently serving in the Western Military Region.
- 1 division, Scorpion Force
- 3 division, Scorpion Force
There are also 11 "division level" specialized commands :
- Commandement du renseignement
- Commandement des systèmes d'information et de communication
- Commandement de la logistique
- Commandement de la maintenance des forces
- Commandement de l'Aviation légère de l'Armée de terre
- Commandement des forces spéciales Terre
- Commandement de la Légion étrangère
- Commandement Terre pour le territoire national
- Commandement de l'entraînement et des écoles du combat interarmes
- Commandement des ressources humaines et de la formation
- Service de la maintenance industrielle terrestre
- 1st Panzerdivision, stationed in Hannover.
- 10th Panzerdivision, stationed in Sigmaringen.
- Rapid Forces Division, stationed in Veitshöchheim.
IndonesiaThe Indonesian Army has 3 infantry divisions within the Kostrad strategic command which plays a role for strategic defense operations. Aside from the infantry divisions, the Indonesian Army also hosts operational combat units from the territorial commands known as "Kodams", which are equivalent to divisions and are similarly organized as infantry divisions. The infantry divisions from the Kostrad are:
- 1st Kostrad Infantry Division at Depok, West Java
- 2nd Kostrad Infantry Division at Malang, East Java
- 3rd Kostrad Infantry Division at Gowa, South Sulawesi
- 1st Marine Forces at Sidoarjo, East Java
- 2nd Marine Forces at Cilandak, South Jakarta
- 3rd Marine Forces at Sorong, West Papua
- 36th Armored Division
- 162nd Armored Division
- 80th Territorial Division
- 91st Territorial Division
- 143rd Territorial Division
- 210th Territorial Division
- 877th Territorial Division
- 98th Paratrooper Division
- 252nd Armored Division
- 319th Armored Division
- 340th Armored Division
JGSDF currently has nine active duty divisions :
- 1st Division, in Nerima
- 2nd Division, in Asahikawa
- 3rd Division, in Itami
- 4th Division, in Kasuga
- 6th Division, in Higashine
- 7th Division, in Chitose
- 8th Division, in Kumamoto
- 9th Division, in Aomori
- 10th Division, in Nagoya
South AfricaSouth Africa has fielded several infantry and armoured divisions in its military history:
- 1 Infantry Division for battles waged in the North African theatre from 1940 to 1943.
- 2 Infantry Division also for the engagements of North Africa from 1940 to 1942.
- 6 Armoured Division for the Italian Campaign of 1943 to 1945.
- 7 Infantry Division for the Border War fought in Southern Africa. It existed from 1965 to 1990 and consisted of three brigades.
- 8 Armoured Division also for the Border War and existed from 1974 to 1997 and consisted of three brigades.
- 9 Infantry Division was formed for geographical purposes but only existed for a short period from 1992 to 1997.
Currently, the British Army has three active divisions:
- 1st Division
- 3rd Division
- 6th Division
- 2nd Division – Scotland and Northern England, headquartered at Edinburgh
- 4th Division – Southern England, headquartered at Aldershot
- 5th Division – Wales, English Midlands and Eastern England, headquartered at Shrewsbury
- Guards Division – 1968–present
- Scottish, Welsh and Irish Division – 2017–present
- King's Division – 1968–present
- Queen's Division – 1968–present
- Scottish Division – 1968–2017
- Prince of Wales' Division – 1968–2017
- Light Division – 1968–2007
The United States Army currently has ten active divisions and one deployable division headquarters :
- 1st Infantry Division at Fort Riley, Kansas
- 1st Armored Division at Fort Bliss, Texas
- 1st Cavalry Division at Fort Hood, Texas
- 2nd Infantry Division at Camp Red Cloud, South Korea and in Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington
- 3rd Infantry Division at Fort Stewart, Georgia and in Fort Benning, Georgia
- 4th Infantry Division at Fort Carson, Colorado
- 7th Infantry Division at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington
- 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum, New York and in Fort Polk, Louisiana
- 25th Infantry Division at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, Fort Richardson, Alaska and in Fort Wainwright, Alaska
- 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina
- 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky
- 28th Infantry Division, Fort Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania
- 29th Infantry Division, Fort Belvoir, Virginia
- 34th Infantry Division, Rosemount, Minnesota
- 35th Infantry Division, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
- 36th Infantry Division, Camp Mabry, Texas
- 38th Infantry Division, Indianapolis, Indiana
- 40th Infantry Division, Los Alamitos JFTB, California
- 42nd Infantry Division, Troy, New York
- 78th Division , Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst, New Jersey
- 86th Division , Fort McCoy, Wisconsin
- 91st Division , Fort Hunter Liggett, California
- 94th Division , Fort Lee, Virginia
- 95th Division , Fort Sill, Oklahoma
- 98th Division , Fort Benning, Georgia
- 100th Division , Fort Knox, Kentucky
- 102nd Division , Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
- 104th Division , Fort Lewis, Washington
- 1st Marine Division at Camp Pendleton, California.
- 2nd Marine Division at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
- 3rd Marine Division at Camp Smedley D. Butler, Okinawa, Japan.
- 4th Marine Division with units located throughout the United States and headquartered in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Republic of Korea Army divisions are typically smaller than their foreign counterparts. Mechanized infantry divisions are fully formed at around 9,900, infantry divisions are fully formed at about 11,500 men, and other types of divisions are smaller in size during normal operations according to their reserve manpower levels. There are very few articles discussing ROK Marine Corps tactical organization, but an active duty force of 29,000 is divided into two divisions, two brigades, and its supporting units.
Mechanized infantry, infantry, Homeland Infantry, and Marine divisions are led by major generals, while Reserve Infantry Divisions are led by brigadier generals.
List of South Korean Armed Forces Divisions:
Please note that no major Republic of Korea Armed Forces formation contains the number four in their name.
- Mechanized Infantry Divisions
- * Capital Mechanized Infantry Division
- * 8th Mechanized Infantry Division
- * 11th Mechanized Infantry Division
- * 30th Mechanized Infantry Division
- Infantry Divisions
- * 1st Infantry Division
- * 3rd Infantry Division
- * 5th Infantry Division
- * 6th Infantry Division
- * 7th Infantry Division
- * 9th Infantry Division
- * 12th Infantry Division
- * 15th Infantry Division
- * 17th Infantry Division
- * 21st Infantry Division
- * 22nd Infantry Division
- * 23rd Infantry Division
- * 25th Infantry Division
- * 27th Infantry Division
- * 28th Infantry Division
- Homeland Infantry Division
- * 31st Homeland Infantry Division
- * 32nd Homeland Infantry Division
- * 35th Homeland Infantry Division
- * 36th Homeland Infantry Division
- * 37th Homeland Infantry Division
- * 39th Homeland Infantry Division
- * 50th Homeland Infantry Division
- * 51st Homeland Infantry Division
- * 52nd Homeland Infantry Division
- * 53rd Homeland Infantry Division
- * 55th Homeland Infantry Division
- * 56th Homeland Infantry Division
- Reserve Infantry Division
- * 60th Reserve Infantry Division
- * 66th Reserve Infantry Division
- * 72nd Reserve Infantry Division
- * 73rd Reserve Infantry Division
- * 75th Reserve Infantry Division
- 1st Marine Division
- 2nd Marine Division
There is also a similarly sounding unit of military organization in Russian military terminology, called divizion. A divizion is used to refer to an artillery or cavalry battalion, a specific part of a ship's crew, or a group of naval vessels.
In Imperial Russia, infantry formations were designated as, 'infantry'. But on 11 October 1918, all such formations in the new Red Army were re-designated as.
After 1945, some Red Army rifle divisions were converted to mechanised divisions. From 1957, all rifle and mechanised divisions became "motorised rifle divisions". These divisions usually had approximately 12,000 soldiers organized into three motor rifle regiments, a tank regiment, an artillery regiment, an air defense regiment, surface-to-surface missile and antitank battalions, and supporting chemical, engineer, signal, reconnaissance, and rear services companies. A typical tank division had some 10,000 soldiers organized into three tank regiments and one motorized rifle regiment, all other sub-units being same as the MRD.
A typical Soviet "frontal aviation division" consisted of three air regiments, a transport squadron, and associated maintenance units. The number of aircraft within a regiment varied. Fighter and fighter-bomber regiments were usually equipped with about 40 aircraft, while bomber regiments typically consisted of 32 aircraft. Divisions were typically commanded by colonels or major generals, or colonels or major generals of aviation in the Air Force. Soviet Naval Aviation and the Strategic Missile Forces divisions had either colonels or major generals as commanding officers while the ship divisions were led by captains 1st rank or captains 2nd rank.
Russian FederationAfter the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russian tank and motorized-rifle divisions were reduced to near-cadre state, many being designated "bases for storage of weapons and equipment". These bases, or "cadre" divisions, were equipped with all the heavy armaments of a full-strength motor-rifle or tank division, while having only skeleton personnel strength, as low as 500 personnel. The officers and men of a cadre division focus primarily on maintaining the equipment in working condition. During wartime mobilization, such a division would be reinforced up to full manpower strength; however, in peacetime, a cadre division is unfit for any combat.
After the 2008 Russian military reforms, most active divisions were disbanded or converted into brigades. Exceptions are the:
- 7th Guards Air Assault Division in Novorossiysk
- 76th Guards Air Assault Division in Pskov
- 98th Guards Airborne Division in Ivanovo
- 106th Guards Airborne Division in Tula
- 3rd Motor Rifle Division in Valuyki
- 42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division in Khankala
- 90th Guards Tank Division in Chebarkul
- 144th Motor Rifle Division in Yelnya
- 150th Motor Rifle Division in Novocherkassk
In addition to the Army divisions, a division is currently on active duty within the ranks of the National Guard of Russia:
- Separate Operational Purpose Division in Moscow.