Torrejón de Ardoz

Torrejón de Ardoz is a municipality of Spain belonging to the Community of Madrid.
The European Union Satellite Centre, an agency of the European Union, is located in Torrejón de Ardoz. It is also the location of the headquarters of the Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial, the Spanish space agency.
The Torrejón Air Base/Madrid–Torrejón Airport also lies on the municipality.


Torrejón comes from torre ; the suffix -jón is a diminutive that ultimately makes reference to the small or unimportant nature of the noun. The Ardoz add-on comes from the namesake creek.


While there is no certainty of the origin of Torrejón de Ardoz, it probably dates from the 12th century, associated to fortifications built to protect Alcalá de Henares. It was part of the Land of Alcalá for all purposes until 1554, when it was granted the status of town.
In 1843 it was the place of a short battle between general Ramón Narvaez and senator Antonio Seoane, as part of the rebellion against Espartero.
The United States Air Force jointly occupied the Torrejón Air Base, installed in 1955, under agreements made with Francisco Franco. The base was subject of criticism since its beginnings and a meeting place of pacifist demonstrations attended by progressives and ecologists.
One of the election platforms of Felipe González's Spanish Socialist Workers' Party was to close the base to the American fighter wing. Once González became prime minister, the lease of the then 401st Tactical Fighter Wing was not renewed and the F-16 fighter wing left the base in the early 1990s.


It is locate to the east of the city of Madrid, near the A-2, the highway connecting Madrid and Barcelona. With the city located at the right-bank of the Henares the relief of the municipality gently decreases in elevation from north to south.