Kobryn Kobryn is a city in the Brest Region of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn District. The city is located in the southwestern corner of Belarus where the Mukhavets River and Dnepr-Bug Canal meet. The city lies about 52 km east of the city of Brest. Kobryn is located at Latitude 52.12.58N and Longitude 24.21.59E. It is at an altitude of 485 feet. It is a station on the Brest – Homiel railway line. As of 1995, the population was around 51,500. Sometimes the name of the city is written as Kobrin which is a transliteration from Russian. HistoryIn prehistoric times it was inhabited by the ancient Baltic Yotvingian tribe. At various times, the city had belonged to Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Russian Empire, the Second Polish Republic, the Byelorussian SSR and the Republic of Belarus.In the 10th century the area became part of the emerging Polish state under first ruler Mieszko I of Poland. Later on, the area was part of the Kievan Rus' and the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia. Kobryn was first mentioned in 1287. In the early 14th century the town formed part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after the Union of Krewo in the Polish–Lithuanian Union. It became the capital of a feudal principality within the Polish–Lithuanian realm, existing from 1387 to 1518. In 1500, princess Anna Kobryńska founded the Catholic church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. After 1518, Kobryn was ruled by Queen Bona Sforza, who contributed to its development and visited it several times. A seat of a powiat authorities, in between 1589 and 1766 it was a royal city of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, located on Magdeburg Law. This allowed for a large number of Jews to settle in the area following the 16th century. The Jewish population in 1900 was 6,738. In Kobryń was held the county Sejmik of the Mozyrz County during the Russian occupation of Mozyrz in 1659. In the years 1774–1784 a canal was built connecting the Mukhavets River with the Pina River, named the Royal Canal after Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski, who opened it, and as a result a water route was created connecting the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea. Late modern eraAfter the Partitions of Poland of 1795, the town was annexed by Imperial Russia. Catherine II gave Kobryn to Field Marshal Alexander Suvorov for his war merits, especially for the suppression of the Polish Kościuszko Uprising. After the unsuccessful January Uprising anti-Polish repressions intensified: estates were confiscated, insurgents and landowners were deported to Siberia and a ban on land acquisition by ethnic Poles was introduced. Kobryn was occupied by Germany during World War I. Kobryń came under Polish control in February 1919, four months after the reestablishment of independent Poland. During the Polish–Soviet War it was the site of the victorious Polish Battle of Kobryń in September 1920. Polish rule was confirmed under the terms of the Treaty of Riga in 1921 and Kobryń became a seat of a powiat within the Polesie Voivodeship. After the war, crafts, small industry and trade developed again, and small factories were established. In 1923, the State Gymnasium was founded, which three years later received the name of Maria Rodziewiczówna, a Polish writer living nearby, who co-financed the construction of the school.During the 1939 Invasion of Poland of the town was the scene of the Battle of Kobryń between the Polish 60th Infantry Division of Colonel Adam Epler and the German 19th Panzer Corps of General Heinz Guderian. After three days of fighting, the Poles withdrew southwards and the Germans entered the town, which they three days later handed over to the Soviets in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. On 14 November 1939, Kobryn was incorporated into the Byelorussian SSR. From 23 June 1941 until 20 July 1944, Kobryn was occupied by Nazi Germany and administered as a part of the Generalbezirk Wolhynien-Podolien of Reichskommissariat Ukraine. During the latter period, the majority of Jewish inhabitants were first amassed in a ghetto and then murdered by the Nazis in their extermination camps. Two Polish priests, The Reverend Władysław Grobelny and Jan Wolski from Kobryń near Brześć, arrested for helping the Jews, were executed on October 15, 1942 together with a number of Jews from the Brześć ghetto. In 1944, the town was liberated by the Red Army. Since 1991, it is a part of the independent Republic of Belarus. SightsAmong the historical monuments of the city are the Catholic Church of the Dormition, Baroque Monastery of the Transfiguration, a park founded by Antoni Tyzenhauz in 1768, the Orthodox church of St. Alexander Nevsky, the building of the pre-war Polish Maria Rodziewiczówna State Gymnasium, the building of the pre-war town hall and the Catholic cemetery, where the family of the Polish national poet Adam Mickiewicz is buried.
Popular articles UEFA Euro 2020 - The 2020 UEFA European Football Championship , commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2020 or simply Euro 2020 , is scheduled to be the 16th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international me... UEFA European Championship - The UEFA European Football Championship , commonly known as the UEFA European Championship and informally as the Euros , is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men... Cristiano Ronaldo - Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a forward for club Juventus and captains the Portugal national team. Often considered the best player in the ... FIFA World Cup - international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Interna... UEFA Euro 2016 - The 2016 UEFA European Football Championship , commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or simply Euro 2016 , was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football ch... Kylian Mbappé - French professional footballer who plays as a forward for Ligue 1 club Paris Saint-Germain and the France national team. Considered one of the best players in the world, h... Germany national football team - The Germany national football team represents Germany in men's international football and played its first match in 1908. The team is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Be... Popular movies Cruella (film) - upcoming American crime comedy film directed by Craig Gillespie from a screenplay written by Aline Brosh McKenna, Jez Butterworth, Dana Fox, Kelly Marcel, Tony McNamara, and Steve Ziss... F9 (film) - upcoming American action film directed by Justin Lin and written by Daniel Casey. A sequel to 2017's The Fate of the Furious , it will be the ninth main installment in the Fast & Furious ... A Quiet Place Part II - 2020 American horror film and the sequel to A Quiet Place . The sequel film was written and directed by John Krasinski and stars Emily Blunt, Millicent Simmonds, and Noah... The Conjuring: The Devil Made Me Do It - upcoming American supernatural horror film, directed by Michael Chaves, with a screenplay by David Leslie Johnson-McGoldrick, from a story by Johnson-McG... Gone Girl (film) - 2014 American psychological thriller film directed by David Fincher and with a screenplay by Gillian Flynn based on her 2012 novel of the same title. The film stars Ben Affleck, Rosam... Luca (2021 film) - upcoming 2021 American computer-animated coming-of-age comedy film produced by Walt Disney Pictures and Pixar Animation Studios to be distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. I... Cocktail (1988 film) - 1988 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Roger Donaldson and written by Heywood Gould, whose screenplay was based on his book of the same name. The film tells the story of ... Popular video games Minecraft - sandbox video game developed by Mojang Studios. Created by Markus "Notch" Persson in the Java programming language and released as a public alpha for personal computers in 2... Elden Ring - collaborative effort between game director Hidetaka Miyazaki a... The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild - is a 2017 action-adventure game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo Switch and Wii U consoles. Breath of the Wild is part of the Legend of Zelda franchise and is set at the end of... Roblox - online game platform and game creation system that allows users to program games and play games created by other users. Founded by David Baszucki and Erik Cassel in 2004 and released in... Shin Megami Tensei V - is an upcoming role-playing video game in development by Atlus. It is part of the Shin Megami Tensei series, itself a part of the larger Megami Tensei franchise, and is scheduled for release on th... Advance Wars - turn-based tactics video game developed for the Game Boy Advance by Intelligent Systems and published by Nintendo. It was released in North America on September 10, 2001 with a lat... Fatal Frame: Maiden of Black Water - survival horror video game developed by Koei Tecmo and published by Nintendo for the Wii U. The fifth main entry in the Fatal Frame series, it was released ... Popular books Nineteen Eighty-Four - dystopian novel by English novelist George Orwell. It was published on 8 June 1949 by Secker & Warburg as Orwell's ninth and final book... Bible - collection of religious texts or scriptures sacred to Christians, Jews, Samaritans, Rastafari and others. They generally consider the Bible to be a product of divine inspiration and a... SCP Foundation - fictional organization documented by the web-based collaborative-fiction project of the same name. Within the website's fictional setting, the SCP Foundation is responsible f... Trese - horror/crime black and white komik created by writer Budjette Tan and artist Kajo Baldisimo. It tells the story of Alexandra Trese, a detective who deals with crimes of supernatural origi... The Education of Little Tree - memoir-style novel written by Asa Earl Carter under the pseudonym Forrest Carter. First published in 1976 by Delacorte Press, it was initially promoted as an authen... Don Quixote - Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes. It was published in two parts, in 1605 and 1615. A founding work of Western litera... Romeo and Juliet - tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespear... Popular television series
Loki (TV series) - upcoming American web television miniseries created for Disney+ by Michael Waldron, based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. It is set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, shar... Lucifer (TV series) - American urban fantasy television series developed by Tom Kapinos that premiered on Fox on January 25, 2016. It is based on the DC Comics character created by Neil Gaiman, Sam Kieth, a... The Handmaid's Tale (TV series) - American dystopian tragedy web television series created by Bruce Miller, based on the 1985 novel of the same name by Canadian author Margaret Atwood. The series was ordere... Manifest (TV series) - American supernatural drama television series, created by Jeff Rake, that premiered on September 24, 2018, on NBC. The series centers on the passengers and crew of a commercial airlin... Grey's Anatomy - American medical drama television series that premiered on March 27, 2005, on the American Broadcasting Company as a mid-season replacement. The fictional series focuses on the ... Peaky Blinders (TV series) - British period crime drama television series created by Steven Knight. Set in Birmingham, England, the series follows the exploits of the Shelby crime family in the direct afterm... The Walking Dead (TV series) - American post-apocalyptic horror television series for AMC based on the comic book series by Robert Kirkman, Tony Moore, and Charlie Adlard. The series features a large ensemb...
OWIKI.org. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.