Thomas de Hartmann Thomas Alexandrovich de Hartmann was a Russian composer and prominent student and collaborator of George Gurdjieff. BiographyThomas de Hartmann was born in Khoruzhivka, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire, now Sumy Oblast, Ukraine. At the age of 18 he received his diploma from the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. He studied conducting in Munich with Felix Mottl before World War I. Thomas de Hartmann was a graduate of the Imperial Conservatory of Music. He studied musical composition with three of the greatest Russian composers of the 19th century: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Anton Arensky and Sergei Taneyev. His piano teacher was Anna Yesipova, the second wife and former student of Theodor Leschetizky. Most of De Hartmann's compositions were for voice and piano. In 1907, his ballet , produced by The Pink Flower Nikolay Legat with Vaslav Nijinsky and Tamara Karsavina in the cast, was presented at the Imperial Opera. The Tsar was so impressed that he himself granted De Hartmann exemption from military duty so that he might study conducting in Munich. In Munich, Thomas de Hartmann met the artist, former Sufi student and later stage impresario, Alexander de Salzmann; they were both friends of Rainer Maria Rilke and Wassily Kandinsky. Later, in Russia, after the beginning of World War I, De Hartmann would introduce De Salzmann to George Gurdjieff. On November 12, 1906 Thomas married Olga Arkadievna de Schumacher, a celebrated opera singer. Olga was a daughter of Arkady Alexandrovich von Schumacher and Olga Konstantinovna von Wulffert, who both died in Paris. Arkady was a high official in the tsarist Russian government in St. Petersburg. Thomas was a great-nephew of Eduard von Hartmann, the author of Philosophy of , vol. 1 of which was published in Germany in 1869. This work later became well-known the Unconscious in America and England. Association with GurdjieffDe Hartmann was already an acclaimed composer in Russia when he first met Gurdjieff in 1916 in St. Petersburg. From 1917 to 1929 he was a pupil and confidant of Gurdjieff. During that time, at Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man near Paris, De Hartmann transcribed and co-wrote much of the music that Gurdjieff collected and used for his movements exercises. In 1951 De Hartmann and his wife moved to the United States from France. He died on March 28, 1956, in New York City. After her husband's death, Olga collected many of Gurdjieff's early talks in the book Views from the Real World. She died at her home in Nambé, Santa Fe County, New Mexico on September 12, 1979. Both she and her husband are buried in the Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, New Jersey. MusicDe Hartmann's four-act ballet La Fleurette Rouge was performed in 1906. Vaslav Nijinsky, Anna Pavlova, and Michel Fokine danced principal roles in performances at the Imperial opera houses of Moscow and St. Petersburg. He composed the music for Wassily Kandinsky's The Yellow Sound. The music he wrote with Gurdjieff was later adapted by Laurence Rosenthal for the 1979 Peter Brook film Meetings with Remarkable Men. In 1982, the Guggenheim Foundation premiere of Kandinsky's opera Der gelbe Klang was made possible thanks to a complete rearrangement by Gunther Schuller of De Hartmann's hitherto lost work. It is not known whether De Hartmann completed a full score but it is clear why Konstantin Stanislavski could not understand the work when de Hartmann proposed it for the Moscow Art Theatre in 1914. Recordings Our Life with Mr. Gurdjieff, The "Definitive Edition" substantially enlarged from the original 1964 edition via the inclusion of unpublished materials and drawing upon the memoirs of Olga de Hartmann . Arkana Books The complete , Cecil Lytle, pianist, 6-CD boxed set, , Celestial Harmonies 19904-2 Piano Music of Georges I. Gurdjieff and Thomas de Hartmann The Music of Gurdjieff/de Hartmann, three disc set, Triangle Editions, TCD1001-1003, 1989 The Thomas de Hartmann Project',' by Elan Sicroff, seven-disc set of solo piano, chamber and vocal works ," by Keith Jarrett, ECM 1174, September 198 Hidden Sources -Gurdjieff, De Hartmann , by Alessandra Celletti Sacred Honey -Gurdjieff, De Hartmann , by Alessandra Celletti Echoes From the Real World - Gurdjieff, De Hartmann'', 21 compositions for solo piano; Mario Sollazzo, pianist. , KHA Records, Italy, 2015 Writings
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