The event was officially announced on March 7, 2007, to replace The International, which tour officials had abruptly cancelled four weeks earlier on The National was a standard 72-hole stroke play event, and did not use the modified Stablefordscoring system used by The International in Colorado. The D.C. area had hosted a regular tour event for over a quarter century; the Kemper Open arrived in 1980, but was terminated after the 2006 event. It was played at Congressional from 1980 to 1986, then moved to the nearby TPC at Avenel in 1987. Later renamed the Booz Allen Classic, it returned to Congressional in 2005, to give Avenel time to undergo renovations, which did Congressional originally agreed to host the event for the first two years, and after opting out of hosting the 2009 U.S. Amateur, agreed to host the event in 2009 as well. The Aronimink Golf Club in Newtown Square, Pennsylvania, hosted the 2010 and 2011 events, due to Congressional being reconfigured for the 2011 U.S. Open. The tournament was played at Congressional from 2012 to 2014 and returned in 2016. It was played in Virginia at Robert Trent Jones Golf Club in Gainesville in August 2015 and was played at TPC Potomac at Avenel Farm in Potomac in 2017. Other courses that were originally considered for the new tournament were in the Kansas City, Minneapolis-Saint Paul, and Portland areas. Possible sites for the 2010 and 2011 events were the TPC at Avenel and Robert Trent JonesGolf Club,. CBS Sports and Golf Channel currently carry the Quicken Loans National on television. After the 2017 tournament, the Quicken Loans sponsorship deal ended leaving The National with no sponsor for scheduled for June 28 to July 1. The PGA Tour also announced that it would be buying out the remaining two years of its contract with Congressional Country Club to host the 2018 and 2020 Despite a lack of title sponsor and host course, PGA Tour commissioner Jay Monahan confirmed that the event would occur in 2018, stating, "We made the commitment. Our players are going to be showing up there and we're going to be playing for that amount of money." On May 30, less than a month before the event, Quicken Loans agreed to sponsor for a fifth On July 10, 2018, it was announced that the Detroit Golf Club would host the Rocket Mortgage Classic in 2019, replacing The National.
The National was one of a few tournaments given "invitational" status by the PGA Tour, and consequently it had a reduced field of only 120 players. Other tournaments with invitational status include the Arnold Palmer Invitational, the RBC Heritage, the Fort Worth Invitational, and the Memorial Tournament. Invitational tournaments had smaller fields, and had more freedom than full-field open tournaments in determining which players were eligible to participate in their event, as invitational tournaments were not required to fill their fields using the PGA Tour Priority Ranking System. Furthermore, unlike full-field open tournaments, invitational tournaments did not offer open qualifying. The Los Angeles Open was converted to an invitational and starting in 2020 will inherit the National's format.
The field consisted of 120 players invited using the following criteria:
Quicken Loans National winners from past five years