536 Year 536 was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year after the Consulship of . The denomination 536 for this year has been used since the Belisarius early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. In 2018, a medieval scholar nominated 536 as "the worst year to be alive" because of the extreme weather events of 535–536, probably caused by a volcanic eruption early in the year, causing average temperatures in Europe and China to decline and resulting in crop failures and famine for well over a year. Other researchers have noted additional adverse events during the year, including a mysterious fog, possibly due to the volcanic eruption. Events By place Spring – Emperor Justinian I appoints his cousin Germanus as to deal with the crisis in magister militum Africa. He sends a mobile force of comitatenses and an elite guard. Solomon, the previous magister militum, returns to Constantinople. Summer – Gothic War : Belisarius crosses the Strait of Messina and invades Italy. He conquers the city of Rhegium and advances to Naples. October – Siege of Naples: Belisarius captures Naples after a month's siege by sending troops into the city through an abandoned Roman aqueduct. December 9 – Belisarius enters Rome through the Porta Asinaria and the Gothic garrison of 4,000 men flees the capital. He sends an urgent request for reinforcements to Justinian I, meanwhile preparing Rome for a siege by bringing in great quantities of food and other supplies. Winter – Belisarius sets up his headquarters on the Pincian Hill and repairs the neglected city walls of Rome. He stations a 5,000-man garrison, of whom half are his personal bodyguard. To hold parts of the city, he recruits 20,000 young Romans to man the walls. Europe Early in 536 - Extreme weather events of 535–536: Volcanic eruption in Iceland. Famine is described in the Annals of Ulster. March - King Theodahad cedes Provence and upper Alamannia to the Franks gaining their support in the war. He sends a large Gothic army into Dalmatia. They defeat the Byzantines, Mundus is killed during the fighting at Salona, and the Byzantine army withdraws. Summer - Constantinianus, magister militum per Illyricum, retakes Dalmatia. The Goths abandon Salona and withdraw to the north. The Byzantines rebuild its walls and reclaim the province. Vitiges deposes his rival Theodahad at Ravenna and marries Matasuntha. He becomes king of the Ostrogoths and assembles an army to fight against Belisarius. Africa March - Belisarius sails to Carthage with 1,000 men to suppress a mutiny against Solomon. Meanwhile the capital is besieged by 9,000 rebels, including many Vandals, under Stotzas. At the Battle of the River Bagradas, Belisarius defeats the mutineers and hurries back to Sicily. Asia January 26 - Senka succeeds his brother Ankan as the 28th emperor of Japan. August - Extreme weather events of 535–536: Snow falls in China, which causes the harvest to be delayed. By topic Religion Births Evagrius Scholasticus, Syrian church historian Li Ezi, Chinese empress dowager of Northern Zhou Approximate date - Venantius Fortunatus, Merovingian bishop and poet Deaths January 25 - Ankan, emperor of Japan April 22 - Pope Agapetus I December - Theodahad, king of the Ostrogoths Mundus,
Gepid Byzantine general
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