1992 Winter Olympics

The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 8 to 23 February 1992 in Albertville, France. They were the last Winter Olympics to be held the same year as the Summer Olympics, and the first where the Winter Paralympics were held at the same site. Albertville was selected as host in 1986, beating Sofia, Falun, Lillehammer, Cortina d'Ampezzo, Anchorage and Berchtesgaden. The games were the third Winter Olympics held in France, after Chamonix in 1924 and Grenoble in 1968, and the fifth Olympics overall in the country.
Only figure skating, short track speed skating, speed skating and the opening and closing ceremonies took place in Albertville, while the rest of the events took place in the villages of Courchevel, La Plagne, Les Arcs, Les Menuires, Les Saisies, Méribel, Pralognan-la-Vanoise, Tignes and Val d'Isère. Sixty-four nations with 1,801 athletes participated in the games, including the Unified Team which represented non-Baltic former Soviet republics. Germany participated as a unified team following reunification in 1990, while five newly independent European countries debuted, as did three "warm-weather" countries. Short track speed skating, freestyle skiing and women's biathlon made their debut as an Olympic sports. The games were the last Winter Games until 2026 to have demonstration sports, consisting of curling, aerials and ski ballet and speed skiing. It was the last Olympics to have an outdoor speed skating rink,as from 1994 the sport events could only be held indoor rink. The games were succeeded by the 1992 Winter Paralympics from 25 March to 1 April.
Norwegians won every male cross-country skiing race, with Bjørn Dæhlie and Vegard Ulvang both collecting three gold. Ski jumper Toni Nieminen, 16, became the youngest male gold medalist of a Winter Olympic event. Petra Kronberger won both the combined event and the slalom, while Bonnie Blair won both the 500 m and 1000 m speed skating events and Gunda Niemann took both of the longest races.Three National Olympic Committees won a medal for the first time at the Winter Olympics Kim Ki-hoon's gold medal in the short track speed skating 1000 meters was the first medal the first winter olympic medal of any color for South Korea.This also happened with Ye Qiaobo from China who also won country's first medal in the Winter Olympics, a silver in women's 500 metres speed skating. Annelise Coberger from New Zealand also made history to be the first Oceanian athlete in the history of the Winter Olympics to win a medal on women's alpine skiing slalom speed skating.Her feat had even greater repercussions, as she was also the first athlete from the southern hemisphere to climb on a podium at the Winter Games.Even with these historical facts, the games were marked by a fatality, the death of the Swiss speed skier Nicolas Bochatay on the penultimate day of the games after crashing on one of the tractors that cleaned the test track during his training.CBS became the telecast provider for the Winter Games in the United States, after a six-Olympics run with the American Broadcasting Company.

Host city selection

The vote to select the host city of the 1992 Winter Olympics was conducted on 17 October 1986, in Lausanne, Switzerland, at the 91st IOC Session. A record of seven different locales bid for these Games.

Opening ceremony


The 1992 Olympic Winter Games marked the last time both the Winter and Summer games were held in the same year. The 1992 Olympics also marks the last time France hosted the Olympics.The games will return to France in 2024, when Paris will became the second city in history to host the Summer Olympics three times.

Cost and cost overrun

The Oxford Olympics Study established the outturn cost of the Albertville 1992 Winter Olympics at US$2.0 billion in 2015-dollars and cost overrun at 137% in real terms. This includes sports-related costs only, that is, operational costs incurred by the organizing committee for the purpose of staging the Games, e.g., expenditures for technology, transportation, workforce, administration, security, catering, ceremonies, and medical services, and direct capital costs incurred by the host city and country or private investors to build, e.g., the competition venues, the Olympic village, international broadcast center, and media and press center, which are required to host the Games. Indirect capital costs are not included, such as for road, rail, or airport infrastructure, or for hotel upgrades or other business investment incurred in preparation for the Games but not directly related to staging the Games. The cost and cost overrun for Albertville 1992 compares with costs of US$2.5 billion and a cost overrun of 13% for Vancouver 2010, and costs of US$51 billion and a cost overrun of 289% for Sochi 2014, the latter being the most costly Olympics to date. Average cost for Winter Games since 1960 is US$3.1 billion, average cost overrun is 142%.


was the Olympic mascot of these Games, and was a little imp in the shape of a star and a cube. It was created by Philippe Mairesse and was presented in 1989. His star shape symbolises dreams and imagination. His colours come from the French flag, with a red hat and a blue costume.

Notable events

There were 57 events contested in 6 sports. See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Demonstration sports

This was the final time demonstration events were included in the Winter Olympics programme.Of the 8 events that were under evaluation, 4 received the endorsement to be included in an official form in future editions of the Games The other four events are reject and have never since returned.
A total of 64 nations sent athletes to compete in these Games. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, six states chose to form a Unified Team, while the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania had their own teams. As United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 began to take effect on 30 May 1992, yugoslav athletes were able to participate under their country's national symbols,and also suspended the activities of the Yugoslav Olympic Committee,making the country's athletes ineligible to compete on the 1992 Summer Olympics.Despite this, some of their athletes classified in individual sports have gained authorization to compete as Independent Olympic Participants.Yugoslav athletes would only return to the Olympic Games in 1996 Summer Olympics,when only Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo were still part of the country.
It was the first time since the 1964 Summer Olympics that Germany competed with a unified team,but this was the first time after the reunification.Seven National Olympic Committees sent delegations for the first time in history to the Winter Olympics: Algeria, Bermuda, Brazil,Honduras,Ireland,Swaziland,Croatia and Slovenia,just a few months of their respective declarations of independence from Yugoslavia.It should also be noted that until the 2018 Winter Olympics, this was the only participation of Swaziland and Honduras in an edition of the Winter Olympics.
Participating :Category:Nations at the 1980 Winter Olympics|National Olympic Committees


The 1992 Games are the last ones where the speed skating venue was outdoors.

Podium sweeps