# Normal number (computing)

In computing, a normal number is a non-zero number in a floating-point representation which is within the balanced range supported by a given floating-point format: it is a floating point number that can be represented without leading zeros in its significand.
The magnitude of the smallest normal number in a format is given by bemin, where b is the base of the format and emin depends on the size and layout of the format.
Similarly, the magnitude of the largest normal number in a format is given by
where p is the precision of the format in digits and emax is +1.
In the IEEE 754 binary and decimal formats, b, p, emin, and emax have the following values:
 Format b p emin emax binary16 2 11 −14 15 binary32 2 24 −126 127 binary64 2 53 −1022 1023 binary128 2 113 −16382 16383 decimal32 10 7 −95 96 decimal64 10 16 −383 384 decimal128 10 34 −6143 6144

For example, in the smallest decimal format, the range of positive normal numbers is 10−95 through 9.999999 × 1096.
Non-zero numbers smaller in magnitude than the smallest normal number are called denormal numbers. Zero is neither normal nor subnormal.