Central and Eastern Europe

concept overlaps with many definitions of this region.
Central and Eastern Europe is a term encompassing the countries in Central Europe, the Baltics, Eastern Europe, and Southeast Europe, usually meaning former communist states from the Eastern Bloc in Europe. Scholarly literature often uses the abbreviations CEE or CEEC for this term. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development also uses the term "Central and Eastern European Countries " for a group comprising some of these countries.


The term CEE includes the Eastern Bloc countries west of the post-World War II border with the former Soviet Union; the independent states in former Yugoslavia ; and the three Baltic statesEstonia, Latvia, Lithuania.
The CEE countries are further subdivided by their accession status to the European Union : the eight first-wave accession countries that joined the EU on 1 May 2004, the two second-wave accession countries that joined on 1 January 2007 and the third-wave accession country that joined on 1 July 2013. According to the World Bank 2008 analysis, the transition to advanced market economies is over for all 10 countries that joined the EU in 2004 and 2007.
The CEE countries include the former socialist states, which extend west of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova; south of Finland and the Baltic Sea; north of Greece; and east of Austria, Italy, and Germany:
According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, "Central and Eastern European Countries is an OECD term for the group of countries comprising Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and the three Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania."
The term Central and Eastern Europe has displaced the alternative term East-Central Europe in the context of transition countries, mainly because the abbreviation ECE is ambiguous: it commonly stands for Economic Commission for Europe, rather than East-Central Europe.