NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament

The annual NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament is a college ice hockey tournament held in the United States by the National Collegiate Athletic Association to determine the top men's
team in Division I. Like other Division I championships, it is the highest level of NCAA men's hockey competition.
The semi-finals and finals are branded as the Frozen Four. The final two rounds of the hockey tournament were first referred to as the Frozen Four in 1999. The 2020 championship was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.


The NCAA Men's Division I Ice Hockey Championship is a single elimination competition that has determined the collegiate national champion since the inaugural 1948 NCAA Men's Division I Ice Hockey Tournament. The tournament features 16 teams representing all six Division I conferences in the nation. The Championship Committee seeds the entire field from 1 to 16 within four regionals of 4 teams. The winners of the six Division I conference championships receive automatic bids to participate in the NCAA Championship. The tournament begins with initial games played at four regional sites culminating with the semi-finals and finals played at a single site.
In setting up the tournament, the Championship Committee seeks to ensure "competitive equity, financial success and likelihood of playoff-type atmosphere at each regional site." A team serving as the host of a regional is placed within that regional. The top four teams are assigned overall seeds and placed within the bracket such that the national semifinals will feature the No. 1 seed versus the No. 4 seed and the No. 2 seed versus the No. 3 seed should the top four teams win their respective regional finals. Number 1 seeds are also placed as close to their home site as possible, with the No. 1 seed receiving first preference. Conference matchups are avoided in the first round; should five or more teams from one conference make the tournament, this guideline may be disregarded in favor of preserving the bracket's integrity.
Broadmoor Ice Palace in Colorado Springs, Colorado hosted the tournament for the first ten years and has hosted eleven times overall, the most of any venue. Michigan has won the most tournaments with nine, while Vic Heyliger has coached the most championship teams, winning six times with Michigan between 1948 and 1956.
The 2020 championship was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Tournament format history



Participation in the tournament vacated by the NCAA Committee on Infractions.

Team titles

Michigan91948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1996, 1998
Denver81958, 1960, 1961, 1968, 1969, 2004, 2005, 2017
North Dakota81959, 1963, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1997, 2000, 2016
Wisconsin61973, 1977, 1981, 1983, 1990, 2006
Boston College51949, 2001, 2008, 2010, 2012
Boston University51971, 1972, 1978, 1995, 2009
Minnesota51974, 1976, 1979, 2002, 2003
Lake Superior State31988, 1992, 1994
Michigan State31966, 1986, 2007
Michigan Tech31962, 1965, 1975
Minnesota-Duluth32011, 2018, 2019
Colorado College21950, 1957
Cornell21967, 1970
Maine21993, 1999
Rensselaer21954, 1985
Bowling Green11984
Northern Michigan11991


Points in a Championship Game

Points in Multiple Championships

Championship Hat Tricks

Natural hat-trick.
‡ Tournament participation later vacated.

Tournament Winning Percentage

Minimum 2 tournaments
PlayerSchoolYearsWinsLossesTiesWinning Percentage
Hunter ShepardMinnesota–Duluth2018, 2019800'
Darren JensenNorth Dakota1980, 1982500'
Lorne HowesMichigan1955, 1956400'
George KirkwoodDenver1960, 1961400'
Gerry PowersDenver1968, 1969400'
Marc BehrendWisconsin1981, 1982, 1983701'
John MuseBoston College2008, 2010, 2011810'
Blaine LacherLake Superior State1992, 1993, 1994610'
Kenny ReiterMinnesota–Duluth2011, 2012510'
Jon GilliesProvidence2014, 2015510'
Marty TurcoMichigan1995, 1996, 1997, 1998920'
Willard IkolaMichigan1952, 1953, 1954410'
Bob EssensaMichigan State1984, 1985, 1986, 1987410'
Parker MilnerBoston College2012, 2013410'
Cam JohnsonNorth Dakota2016, 2017410'
Scott ClemmensenBoston College1998, 1999, 2000, 20011030'
Jeff LergMichigan State2006, 2007, 2008620'
Jack McDonaldMichigan1948, 1949310'
Bob FoxRensselaer1953, 1954310'
Gaye CooleyMichigan State1966, 1967310'
Jim CraigBoston University1977, 1978310'
Tanner JailletDenver2015, 2016, 2017, 2018830'
Duane DerksenWisconsin1990, 1991, 1992730'
Cory SchneiderBoston College2005, 2006, 2007730'

Tournament Droughts

The following is a list of teams that have not made an NCAA tournament anytime in the last 10 seasons.
SchoolAppearancesLast Appearance
Alaska Anchorage31992
Holy Cross22006
Lake Superior State101996
Sacred Heart0Never
St. Lawrence162007

† Alaska's only appearance in 2010 was later vacated due to NCAA rules violations.

Team records


At the conclusion of each tournament both an all-tournament team and 'Most Outstanding Player in Tournament' is named. Both achievements have been in effect since the inaugural championship in 1948