Hrvatska radiotelevizija or simply HRT is a Croatian public broadcasting company. It operates several radio and television channels, over a domestic transmitter network as well as satellite. In 2014, more than 85% of HRT's revenue came from broadcast user fees with each household in Croatia required to pay 79 HRK per month for a single television set, with the remainder being made up from advertising. HRT is divided into three joint companies - Croatian Radio, Croatian Television and Music Production.
The founder of HRT is the Republic of Croatia which exercises its founder's rights through the Croatian Government. Croatian Radio was founded on 15 May 1926. This date is considered the date on which HRT was founded. Television Zagreb began broadcasting on 7 September 1956. By the law enacted by the Croatian Parliament on 29 June 1990, Radio Television Zagreb was renamed to HRT.
HRT operates as a provider of public broadcasting services, and Croatia provides independent funding in accordance with the Croatian Broadcasting Company Law and the State Aid Rules for Public Broadcasting Services. In carrying out its activities, HRT is independent of any political influence and commercial interest. In addition to the television, radio and internet portal, HRT also includes HRT Symphony Orchestra, HRT Jazz Orchestra, HRT Tamburitza Orchestra and HRT Choir. On 25 May 2012, HRT's archive of the television and radio program and its collection of musical production were given the status of Croatian cultural heritage.
HistoryCroatian Radiotelevision is the direct successor of the Radio station Zagreb that started broadcasting on 15 May 1926 under its first director and co-founder, dr. Ivo Stern. During the first 14 years of its existence the Zagreb Radio station was owned by a private corporation. Radio Zagreb was nationalized on 1 May 1940. During the Independent State of Croatia, the station was known as Hrvatski krugoval. After World War II it began to operate as a state-owned radio station.
Zagreb Radio station was the first public broadcasting facility in the southeast European area, including countries of former Yugoslavia.
At the end of the first year of operation, Radio Zagreb company had a little over four thousand subscribers.
On the 30th anniversary of the establishment of Zagreb Radio station, on 15 May 1956, the first television programme was broadcast from the transmitter built at Sljeme. For the next two years this was the only TV broadcasting service in the southeast European area. This was the first TV station in Yugoslavia and would later become a color station in 1972.
In June 1990, the Croatian Parliament renamed the company from Radiotelevizija Zagreb to Hrvatska radiotelevizija. On 1 January 1993, HRT was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union.
The television channels were aired under the name "Croatian Television", Hrvatska televizija between 1990 and 1993. Since then, the current name has been used. The radio broadcast unit is referred to as "Croatian Radio", Hrvatski radio.
- HRT 1 - HRT's first TV channel, previously known as TVZ 1. This is a general channel with daily news around the world, documentaries, religious programmes, series and movies.
- HRT 2 - HRT's second channel, previously known as TVZ 2. It is primarily used for sports broadcasts and entertainment programmes. The channel is known for its extensive footage of vintage films. It also broadcasts educational programmes.
- HRT 3 - HRT's third channel, primarily used for culture, films and documentaries. It was popular during the late 90s, and taken off-air in 2004. It returned to air in September 2012.
- HRT 4 - HRT's fourth channel, broadcasting news programmes, started airing in December 2012.
- HRT 5 - HRT's fifth and international channel, broadcasting a wide range of programmes from its domestic channels for the Croatian diasporas in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand.
Regional TV stations
- HRT regional station Čakovec-Varaždin '
- HRT regional station Osijek '
- HRT regional station Rijeka-Pula '
- HRT regional station Split-Dubrovnik '
- HRT regional station Zadar-Šibenik
Popular TV programs
- Dnevnik HRT, popular midday, evening and midnight news program
- Dobro jutro, Hrvatska, mosaic morning show from 7:00 to 9:00 am
- Dobar dan, Hrvatska, mosaic afternoon show
- Nedjeljom u dva, weekly talk show
- Transfer, show about the alternative culture and arts
- TV kalendar, long-running daily historical documentary television series, narrating about historical events, birth/death of people or their discoveries on the same date
- Tko želi biti milijunaš?, quiz show
- Zvijezde pjevaju, big Saturday singing show
- Lijepom Našom,a show focused on Croatian cultural heritage
- Otvoreno, daily political talk-show
- Dan za danom, mosaic afternoon show
- Kviskoteka, hosted by Oliver Mlakar, aired in the 1980s and 1990s, later briefly aired on Nova TV
- Male tajne velikih majstora kuhinje , aired in the 1980s
- Motrišta , aired in the 1990s
- The Pyramid, weekly show hosted by Željka Ogresta, winner of Rose d'Or, aired 2004–2008; 2014
- Slika na sliku , aired in the 1990s
- Upitnik , hosted by Joško Lokas, aired in the 2000s, later briefly aired on Nova TV, taken off air in 2004
- Turbo Limač Show, hosted by Siniša Cmrk
- Željka Ogresta i gosti , aired in the start of the 1990s and in the start of the 2000s
- Ples sa zvijezdama, Saturday dancing show
- U istom loncu 2018-2019
- Novine, media drama
- Big Saturday Live
- Dancing on Ice
- School work
- Sunday Afternoon
- Talks with Coffee
Foreign programming (September 2018)
Domestic programming (May 2018)
RadioThe Croatian Radio runs three national and eight local stations.
The three national stations are available on FM throughout the country and are streamed live via the Internet.
- HR 1 - The primary national-level station, mainly serious programming. News every full hour with oldies and local pop music.
- HR 2 - entertainment programming including popular music, with news followed by traffic reports at the half-hour mark
- HR 3 - classical music and radio drama
- HR Dubrovnik - based in Dubrovnik, covers the Dubrovnik-Neretva County
- HR Knin - based in Knin, covers the Šibenik-Knin County
- HR Osijek - based in Osijek, covers the Osijek-Baranja County
- HR Pula - based in Pula, covers the Istria County
- HR Rijeka - based in Rijeka, covers the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County
- HR Sljeme - based in Zagreb, covers the city and the surrounding Zagreb County
- HR Split - based in Split, covers the Split-Dalmatia County
- HR Zadar - based in Zadar, covers the Zadar County
- Voice of Croatia - Airs programming for Croatians living abroad, Croatia's minority groups and the international community. While mostly in the Croatian language, the station also features short news and segments in English, German, Italian, Hungarian, and Spanish at different times of the day.