Deputy President of South Africa

The Deputy President of South Africa is the deputy head of government of South Africa. They are a member of the National Assembly and the Cabinet. The Deputy President is constitutionally required to "assist the President in the execution of the functions of government", and may be assigned any government portfolio by presidential proclamation. The Deputy President performs the duties of the President of South Africa when the President is outside the country's borders, unable to fulfill the duties of the office, or when the Presidency is vacant.
Under the interim constitution, there was a Government of National Unity, in which a member of parliament from the largest opposition party was entitled to a position as deputy president. Along with Mbeki, the previous State President, F. W. de Klerk also served as Deputy President in his capacity as the leader of the National Party, then the second-largest party in the new Parliament. De Klerk later resigned and went into opposition with his party. A voluntary coalition government continues to exist under the new constitution, although there have been no appointments of opposition politicians to the post of deputy president.
The official living residences of the Deputy President are Oliver Tambo House in Pretoria, Highstead in Cape Town and Dr John L Dube House in Durban.

Inception and expiry of term

The Deputy President's term of office is not fixed by law. The Deputy President's term begins when he or she is appointed by the President from amongst members of the National Assembly and takes a prescribed oath.
The Deputy President's term is ended by one of four constitutional mechanisms: dismissal by the President, a successful 'motion of no confidence in the President' by the National Assembly, a successful 'motion of no confidence excluding the President' by the National Assembly, or a newly elected President's assumption of office. Presumably, a statement of resignation would also be sufficient to end a Deputy President's term of office.

Informal Roles

Depending on the extent of any informal roles and functions of the Deputy President depend on the specific relationship between the president and deputy president, but often the roles include tasks like:
PortraitTook officeLeft officePresidentPolitical party
=1F. W. de Klerk
10 May 199430 June 1996
Nelson MandelaNational
=1Thabo Mbeki
10 May 199416 June 1999
Nelson MandelaAfrican National Congress
3Jacob Zuma
16 June 199914 June 2005
Thabo MbekiAfrican National Congress
4Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka
14 June 200523 September 2008
Thabo MbekiAfrican National Congress
5Baleka Mbete
25 September 20089 May 2009Kgalema MotlantheAfrican National Congress
6Kgalema Motlanthe
9 May 200926 May 2014Jacob ZumaAfrican National Congress
7Cyril Ramaphosa
26 May 201415 February 2018
Jacob ZumaAfrican National Congress
8David Mabuza
27 February 2018IncumbentCyril RamaphosaAfrican National Congress