October 29 Events
539 BC - Cyrus the Great entered the capital of Babylon and allowed the Jews to return to their land. 312 - Constantine the Great enters Rome after his victory at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, stages a grand adventus in the city, and is met with popular jubilation. Maxentius' body is fished out of the Tiber and beheaded. 437 - Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople unifying the two branches of the House of Theodosius. 969 - Byzantine troops occupy Antioch, Syria. 1268 - Conradin is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily. 1390 - First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people. 1467 - Battle of Brustem: Charles the Bold defeats Prince-Bishopric of Liège. 1591 - Pope Innocent IX is elected. 1611 - Russian homage to the King of Poland, Sigismund III Vasa. 1618 - English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England. 1658 - Second Northern War: Naval forces of the Dutch Republic defeat the Swedes in the Battle of the Sound. 1665 - Portuguese forces defeat the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitate King António I of Kongo, also known as Nvita a Nkanga. 1675 - Leibniz makes the first use of the long s as a symbol of the integral in calculus. 1787 - Mozart's opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague. 1792 - Mount Hood is named after Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who sighted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River. 1831 - Riots in the city of Bristol as part of the 1831 reform riots against the second reform Bill of the Reform Act 1832 begin. 1863 - Eighteen countries meet in Geneva and agree to form the International Red Cross. 1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie: Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant repel a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee. 1888 - The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace. 1901 - In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine. 1901 - Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution. 1914 - Ottoman entry into World War I. 1918 - The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German Revolution of 1918–19. 1921 - The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed. 1921 - United States: Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in Boston, Massachusetts. 1921 - The Harvard University football team loses to Centre College, ending a 25-game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football. 1922 - King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister. 1923 - Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. 1929 - The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of '29 or "Black Tuesday", ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression. 1941 - The Holocaust: In the Kaunas Ghetto, over 10,000 Jews are shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort, a massacre known as the "Great Action". 1942 - The Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews. 1944 - The Dutch city of Breda is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division. 1944 - World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary. 1948 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Safsaf massacre: Israeli soldiers capture the Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee; after, between 52 and 64 villagers are massacred by the IDF. 1953 - BCPA Flight 304 DC-6 crashes near San Francisco. 1955 - The strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol. 1956 - Suez Crisis begins: Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal. 1957 - Israel's prime minister David Ben-Gurion and five of his ministers are injured when Moshe Dwek throws a grenade into Israel's Knesset. 1960 - In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay wins his first professional fight. 1960 - An airplane carrying the Cal Poly football team crashes on takeoff in Toledo, Ohio. 1961 - Syria exits from the United Arab Republic. 1964 - The United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is renamed the United Republic of Tanzania. 1964 - A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. 1967 - Montreal's World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors. 1969 - The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet. 1971 - In Macon, Georgia, guitarist Duane Allman is killed in a motorcycle accident. 1972 - The three surviving perpetrators of the Munich massacre are released from prison in exchange for the hostages of hijacked Lufthansa Flight 615. 1980 - Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport. 1985 - Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multi-party election in Liberia. 1986 - British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway. 1991 - The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid. 1994 - Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House; he is later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton. 1998 - In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities. 1998 - Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year-old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space. 1998 - ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States is inaugurated with the launch of the STS-95 space shuttle mission. 1998 - While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of six and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he is landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel. 1998 - Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, makes landfall in Honduras. 1998 - The Gothenburg discothèque fire in Sweden kills 63 and injures 200. 1999 - A large cyclone devastates Odisha, India. 2002 - Ho Chi Minh City ITC fire, a fire destroys a luxurious department store where 1500 people are shopping. Over 60 people die and over 100 are unaccounted for. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime. 2004 - The Arabic-language news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a 2004 Osama bin Laden video in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election. 2005 - Bombings in Delhi, India kill more than 60. 2008 - Delta Air Lines merges with Northwest Airlines, creating the world's largest airline and reducing the number of US legacy carriers to five. 2012 - Hurricane Sandy hits the east coast of the United States, killing 148 directly and 138 indirectly, while leaving nearly $70 billion in damages and causing major power outages. 2015 - China announces the end of One-child policy after 35 years. 2018 - Lion Air Flight 610 of a Boeing 737 MAX crashes after taking off from Jakarta, Indonesia killing 189 people on board. Births 1463 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher 1497 - Benedetto Accolti the Younger, Italian cardinal 1504 - Shin Saimdang, South Korean painter and poet 1507 - Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish general 1562 - George Abbot, English archbishop and academic 1682 - Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian, explorer, and author 1690 - Martin Folkes, English mathematician and astronomer 1704 - John Byng, English admiral and politician, 11th Commodore Governor of Newfoundland 1740 - James Boswell, Scottish lawyer and author 1808 - Caterina Scarpellini, Italian astronomer and meteorologist 1812 - Louise Granberg, Swedish playwright 1815 - Dan Emmett, American composer 1822 - Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Russian-Polish cardinal 1831 - James Boucaut, English-Australian politician, 11th Premier of South Australia 1832 - Narcisa de Jesús, Ecuadorian saint 1837 - Harriet Powers, American folk artist and quilter 1855 - Paul Bruchési, Canadian archbishop 1856 - Jacques Curie, French physicist and academic 1861 - Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter 1866 - Antonio Luna, Filipino general and politician 1875 - Marie of Romania 1877 - Narcisa de Leon, Filipino film producer 1877 - Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer and coach 1879 - Alva B. Adams, American lawyer and politician 1879 - Franz von Papen, German soldier and politician, Chancellor of Germany 1880 - Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist and academic 1881 - John DeWitt, American football player and hammer thrower 1882 - Jean Giraudoux, French author and playwright 1883 - Victor Hochepied, French swimmer and water polo player 1891 - Fanny Brice, American actress and singer 1897 - Joseph Goebbels, German lawyer and politician, Chancellor of Nazi Germany 1897 - Billy Walker, English footballer 1898 - Alan Barker, English soldier 1899 - Akim Tamiroff, Georgian-American actor 1905 - Henry Green, English author 1906 - Fredric Brown, American author 1907 - Edwige Feuillère, French actress 1910 - A. J. Ayer, English philosopher and author 1913 - Al Suomi, American ice hockey player and referee 1914 - Maxim of Bulgaria, Bulgarian patriarch 1915 - William Berenberg, American physician and academic 1918 - Bernard Gordon, American screenwriter and producer 1918 - Diana Serra Cary, American actress and author 1920 - Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-American physician and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate 1921 - Baselios Thoma Didymos I, Indian metropolitan 1921 - Baku Mahadeva, Sri Lankan civil servant and academic 1921 - Bill Mauldin, American soldier and cartoonist 1922 - Neal Hefti, American trumpet player and composer 1923 - Carl Djerassi, Austrian-American chemist, author, and playwright 1923 - Gerda van der Kade-Koudijs, Dutch runner, hurdler, and long jumper 1925 - Dominick Dunne, American journalist and author 1925 - Robert Hardy, English actor 1925 - Haim Hefer, Polish-Israeli songwriter and poet 1925 - Zoot Sims, American saxophonist and composer 1925 - Klaus Roth, British mathematician 1926 - Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor and actor 1926 - Necmettin Erbakan, Turkish engineer and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Turkey 1927 - Frank Sedgman, Australian tennis player 1929 - Yevgeny Primakov, Ukrainian-Russian journalist and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Russia 1930 - Bertha Brouwer, Dutch sprinter 1930 - Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor and painter 1930 - Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer and dancer 1930 - Natalie Sleeth, American pianist and composer 1932 - Joyce Gould, Baroness Gould of Potternewton, English pharmacist and politician 1933 - William Harrison, American author and screenwriter 1935 - David Allen, English cricketer 1935 - Eddie Hopkinson, English footballer 1935 - Michael Jayston, English actor 1937 - Sonny Osborne, American bluegrass singer and banjo player 1938 - Ralph Bakshi, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1938 - Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian politician, 24th President of Liberia, Nobel Prize laureate 1938 - Peter Stampfel, American fiddle player, violinist, and singer-songwriter 1940 - Connie Mack III, American lawyer and politician 1940 - Jack Shepherd, English actor, director, and playwright 1940 - Galen Weston, English-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded George Weston Limited 1941 - George Davies, English fashion designer 1941 - Paul Tyler, Baron Tyler, English politician 1942 - Lee Clayton, American rock/country musician and songwriter 1942 - Bob Ross, American painter and television host 1943 - Don Simpson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter 1944 - Claude Brochu, Canadian businessman 1944 - Mehmet Haberal, Turkish surgeon and academic 1944 - Denny Laine, English singer-songwriter and musician 1944 - Robbie van Leeuwen, Dutch musician and songwriter 1945 - Mick Gallagher, English keyboard player and songwriter 1945 - Ron Maag, American businessman and politician 1945 - Melba Moore, American singer-songwriter and actress 1945 - Gerrit Ybema, Dutch civil servant and politician 1946 - Peter Green, English singer-songwriter and guitarist 1947 - Helen Coonan, Australian lawyer and politician, 52nd Australian Minister for Communications 1947 - Richard Dreyfuss, American actor and activist 1948 - Frans de Waal, Dutch-American ethologist, author, and academic 1948 - Kate Jackson, American actress, director, and producer 1949 - Kieron Baker, English footballer 1949 - Paul Orndorff, American football player and wrestler 1949 - David Paton, Scottish guitarist 1949 - James Williamson, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer 1949 - Raphael Carl Lee, American surgeon and academic 1950 - Abdullah Gül, Turkish academic and politician, 11th President of Turkey 1951 - Dirk Kempthorne, American businessman and politician, 49th United States Secretary of the Interior 1951 - Tiff Needell, English race car driver and television host 1952 - Marcia Fudge, American lawyer and politician 1953 - Denis Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster 1955 - Kevin DuBrow, American heavy metal singer-songwriter 1956 - Wilfredo Gómez, Puerto Rican-American boxer 1957 - Dan Castellaneta, American actor, voice artist, comedian, singer and producer 1958 - Blažej Baláž, Slovak painter, sculptor, and illustrator 1958 - Stefan Dennis, Australian actor 1958 - David Remnick, American journalist and author 1959 - Mike Gartner, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1959 - John Magufuli, Tanzanian politician, 5th President of Tanzania 1960 - Fabiola Gianotti, Italian physicist and academic 1960 - Thorsten Schlumberger, German footballer 1961 - Randy Jackson, American singer-songwriter and dancer 1961 - Joel Otto, American ice hockey player and coach 1962 - Einar Örn Benediktsson, Icelandic singer, trumpet player, and politician 1963 - Gerald Morris, American author 1964 - Yasmin Le Bon, English model 1964 - Eddie McGuire, Australian businessman and television host 1965 - Tyler Collins, American singer-songwriter and actress 1965 - Andrew Ettingshausen, Australian rugby league player and television host 1965 - Michael Passons, American singer-songwriter 1966 - Mary Bucholtz, American linguist and academic 1967 - Thorsten Fink, German footballer and manager 1967 - Joely Fisher, American actress and director 1967 - Rufus Sewell, English actor 1968 - Johann Olav Koss, Norwegian speed skater and physician 1969 - David Farr, English director and playwright 1969 - Chris Verene, American photographer 1970 - Phillip Cocu, Dutch footballer and manager 1970 - Kaido Reivelt, Estonian physicist and academic 1970 - Toby Smith, English keyboardist and songwriter 1970 - Edwin van der Sar, Dutch footballer and sportscaster 1971 - Daniel J. Bernstein, American mathematician, cryptologist, and academic 1971 - Greg Blewett, Australian cricketer, coach, and sportscaster 1971 - Matthew Hayden, Australian cricketer 1971 - Winona Ryder, American actress and producer 1972 - Takafumi Horie, Japanese businessman, founded Livedoor 1972 - Tracee Ellis Ross, American actress and producer 1972 - Gabrielle Union, American actress and producer 1973 - Adam Bacher, South African cricketer 1973 - Vonetta Flowers, American bobsledder, sprinter, and long jumper 1973 - Éric Messier, Canadian ice hockey player 1973 - Robert Pires, French footballer 1974 - Michael Vaughan, English cricketer and sportscaster 1974 - Yenny Wahid, Indonesian activist and politician 1975 - Kelly Lin, Chinese model and actress 1975 - Baba Ali, Iranian-born American comedian, games developer, businessman, and actor 1976 - Stephen Craigan, Irish footballer and manager 1976 - Milena Govich, American actress, singer, and dancer 1976 - Raghava Lawrence, Indian actor, director, and choreographer 1977 - Jon Abrahams, American actor 1977 - Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor 1977 - Vaggelis Kaounos, Greek footballer 1978 - Travis Henry, American football player 1978 - Kelly Smith, English footballer 1979 - Andrew-Lee Potts, English actor, director, and producer 1979 - Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan lawyer and politician 1980 - Ben Foster, American actor 1980 - Nadejda Ostrovskaya, Belarusian tennis player 1980 - Kaine Robertson, New Zealand-Italian rugby player 1981 - Amanda Beard, American swimmer 1981 - Jonathan Brown, Australian footballer 1981 - Angelika dela Cruz, Filipino actress and singer 1981 - Georgios Fotakis, Greek footballer 1982 - Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer 1982 - Chelan Simmons, Canadian model and actress 1983 - Richard Brancatisano, Australian actor 1983 - Maurice Clarett, American football player 1983 - Freddy Eastwood, Welsh footballer 1983 - Dana Eveland, American baseball player 1983 - Jérémy Mathieu, French footballer 1983 - Nurcan Taylan, Turkish weightlifter 1984 - Chris Baio, American bass player 1984 - Les Davies, Welsh footballer 1984 - Eric Staal, Canadian ice hockey player 1984 - Lee Chung-ah, South Korean actress 1985 - Cal Crutchlow, English motorcycle racer 1985 - Janet Montgomery, English actress and dancer 1985 - Jefferson Severino, Brazilian footballer 1985 - Vijender Singh, Indian boxer 1986 - Sarita Pérez de Tagle, Filipino actress 1986 - Nataly Dawn, American singer 1987 - Andy Dalton, American football player 1987 - Jessica Dubé, Canadian figure skater 1987 - Tove Lo, Swedish singer 1987 - Makoto Ogawa, Japanese singer and actress 1988 - Florin Gardoș, Romanian footballer 1988 - Sam Hutsby, English golfer 1988 - Janoris Jenkins, American football player 1988 - Roman Van Uden, New Zealand cyclist 1989 - Primož Roglič, Slovenian ski jumper and cyclist 1990 - Amarna Miller, former Spanish porn actress 1990 - Eric Saade, Swedish singer 1991 - Grant Hall, English footballer 1991 - Toby Tarrant, English radio broadcaster 1992 - Jacqueline Jossa, English actress 1993 - Ágnes Bukta, Hungarian tennis player 1993 - India Eisley, American actress 1998 - Lance Stroll, Canadian race car driver Deaths 632 - Saint Colman mac Duagh, Irish abbot and bishop 1050 - Eadsige, archbishop of Canterbury 1266 - Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia 1268 - Conradin, king of Sicily 1268 - Frederick I, Margrave of Baden 1321 - Stefan Milutin, King of Serbia 1339 - Grand Prince Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver 1590 - Dirck Coornhert, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and politician 1618 - Walter Raleigh, English admiral, explorer, and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jersey 1650 - David Calderwood, Scottish historian and theologian 1666 - Edmund Calamy the Elder, English minister and activist 1666 - James Shirley, English dramatist 1783 - Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher 1804 – Sarah Crosby, the first female Methodist preacher 1829 - Maria Anna Mozart, Austrian pianist 1877 - Nathan Bedford Forrest, American general and KKK leader 1885 - George B. McClellan, American general and politician, 24th Governor of New Jersey 1892 - William Harnett, American painter 1897 - Henry George, American journalist, philosopher, and economist 1901 - Leon Czolgosz, American assassin of William McKinley 1905 - Étienne Desmarteau, Canadian weight thrower and shot putter 1911 - Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-American publisher, lawyer, and politician, founded Pulitzer, Inc. 1916 - John Sebastian Little, American lawyer and politician, 21st Governor of Arkansas 1918 - Rudolf Tobias, Estonian-German organist and composer 1919 - Albert Benjamin Simpson, Canadian preacher, theologian, and author, founded the Christian and Missionary Alliance 1924 - Frances Hodgson Burnett, English-American novelist and playwright 1932 - Joseph Babinski, French neurologist and academic 1933 - Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist, and immunologist 1933 - George Luks, American painter and illustrator 1933 - Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and politician, 84th Prime Minister of France 1936 - Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish journalist and theorist 1939 - Dwight B. Waldo, American historian and academic 1941 - Harvey Hendrick, American baseball player 1949 - George Gurdjieff, Armenian-French monk, psychologist, and philosopher 1950 - Gustaf V of Sweden 1953 - William Kapell, American pianist 1956 - Louis Rosier, French race car driver 1957 - Louis B. Mayer, Belarusian-American production manager and producer 1958 - Zoë Akins, American author, poet, and playwright 1961 - Astrid Holm, Danish actress 1963 - Adolphe Menjou, American actor 1969 - Pops Foster, American bassist and trumpet player 1971 - Duane Allman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1971 - Arne Tiselius, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1977 - Chiyonoyama Masanobu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 41st Yokozuna 1980 - Giorgio Borġ Olivier, Maltese lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Malta 1981 - Georges Brassens, French singer-songwriter and guitarist 1986 - Mimis Fotopoulos, Greek actor, singer, and academic 1987 - Woody Herman, American singer, clarinet player, saxophonist, and bandleader 1988 - Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Indian author and activist 1993 - Lipman Bers, Latvian-American mathematician and academic 1994 - Shlomo Goren, Israeli rabbi, general, and scholar 1995 - Terry Southern, American novelist, essayist, screenwriter, 1996 - Eugen Kapp, Estonian composer and educator 1997 - Anton LaVey, American occultist, founded the Church of Satan 1997 - Andreas Gerasimos Michalitsianos, Greek-American astronomer and astrophysicist 1998 - Paul Misraki, Turkish-French pianist and composer 1999 - Greg, Belgian author and illustrator 2000 - Carlos Guastavino, Argentinian pianist and composer 2002 - Glenn McQueen, Canadian-American animator 2003 - Hal Clement, American pilot, author, and educator 2003 - Franco Corelli, Italian tenor and actor 2004 - Ordal Demokan, Turkish physicist and academic 2004 - Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican lawyer and politician, Premier of Dominica 2004 - Peter Twinn, English mathematician and entomologist 2005 - Lloyd Bochner, Canadian-American actor 2005 - Ion Irimescu, Romanian sculptor and illustrator 2008 - Mike Baker, American singer-songwriter 2011 - Jimmy Savile, English radio and television host 2012 - Letitia Baldrige, American etiquette expert and author 2012 - J. Bernlef, Dutch author, poet, and songwriter 2012 - Kenneth G. Ryder, American academic 2012 - Wallace L. W. Sargent, English-American astronomer and academic 2012 - Jack Vaughn, American boxer and diplomat 2013 - Jean Rénald Clérismé, Haitian priest and politician, Foreign Ministers of Haiti 2013 - Sherman Halsey, American director and producer 2013 - John Spence, American soldier and engineer 2013 - Graham Stark, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 2014 - Roger Freeman, American lawyer and politician 2014 - Klas Ingesson, Swedish footballer and manager 2014 - H. Gary Morse, American businessman 2015 - Luther Burden, American basketball player and coach 2015 - Ernesto Herrera, Filipino businessman and politician 2015 - Boris Kristančič, Slovene basketball player and coach 2015 - Ranko Žeravica, Serbian basketball player and coach Holidays and observances Christian feast day: * Abraham of Rostov * Blessed Chiara Badano * Colman mac Duagh * Douai Martyrs * Gaetano Errico * James Hannington * Narcissus of Jerusalem * October 29 Coronation Day Republic Day or Cumhuriyet Bayramı
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