December 4 Events
771 - Austrasian king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frankish Kingdom. 1110 - The Kingdom of Jerusalem captures Sidon. 1259 - Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels. 1563 - The final session of the Council of Trent is held. 1619 - Thirty-eight colonists arrive at Berkeley Hundred, Virginia. The group's charter proclaims that the day "be yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God." 1676 - The Danish army under the command of King Christian V engages the Swedish army commanded by the Swedish king Charles XI at the Battle of Lund, to this day it is counted as the bloodiest battle in Scandinavian history and a turning point in the Scanian War. 1745 - Charles Edward Stuart's army reaches Derby, its furthest point during the Second Jacobite Rising. 1783 - At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington bids farewell to his officers. 1786 - Mission Santa Barbara is dedicated. 1791 - The first edition of The Observer, the world's first Sunday newspaper, is published. 1829 - In the face of fierce local opposition, British Governor-General Lord William Bentinck issues a regulation declaring that anyone who abets suttee in Bengal is guilty of culpable homicide. 1861 - The 109 Electors of the several states of the Confederate States of America unanimously elect Jefferson Davis as President and Alexander H. Stephens as Vice President. 1864 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman's campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta. 1865 - North Carolina ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed soon by Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks. 1867 - Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry. 1872 - The crewless American brigantine, drifting in the Atlantic, is discovered by the Canadian brig Dei Gratia. The ship has been abandoned for nine days but is only slightly damaged. Her master Benjamin Briggs and all nine others known to have been on board are never accounted for. 1875 - Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison; he is later recaptured in Spain. 1881 - The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published. 1893 - First Matabele War: A patrol of 34 British South Africa Company soldiers is ambushed and annihilated by more than 3,000 Matabele warriors on the Shangani River in Matabeleland. 1906 - Alpha Phi Alpha the first black intercollegiate Greek lettered fraternity was founded at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. 1909 - In Canadian football, the First Grey Cup game is played. The University of Toronto Varsity Blues defeat the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club, 26–6. 1909 - The Montreal Canadiens ice hockey club, the oldest surviving professional hockey franchise in the world, is founded as a charter member of the National Hockey Association. 1918 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office. 1939 - World War II: is struck by a mine off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940. 1942 - World War II: Carlson's patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends. 1943 - World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile. 1943 - World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States. 1945 - By a vote of 65–7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations. 1949 - Sir Duncan George Stewart was fatally stabbed by Rosli Dhobi, a member leader of the Rukun 13, in Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia during the British crown colony era in that state. 1954 - The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida. 1956 - The Million Dollar Quartet get together at Sun Studio for the first and last time. 1964 - Free Speech Movement: Police arrest over 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover and sit-in at the administration building in protest of the UC Regents' decision to forbid protests on UC property. 1965 - The Grateful Dead's first concert performance under this new name. 1965 - Launch of Gemini 7 with crew members Frank Borman and Jim Lovell. The Gemini 7 spacecraft was the passive target for the first crewed space rendezvous performed by the crew of Gemini 6A. 1967 - Vietnam War: U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta. 1969 - Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot and killed during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers. 1971 - The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi. 1971 - The PNS Ghazi, a submarine belonging to the Pakistan Navy, sinks during the course of the Indo-Pakistani Naval War of 1971. 1977 - Jean-Bédel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire. 1977 - Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100. 1978 - Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco's first female mayor. 1979 - The Hastie fire in Hull kills three schoolboys and eventually leads police to arrest Bruce George Peter Lee. 1981 - South Africa grants independence to the Ciskei "homeland". 1982 - The People's Republic of China adopts its current constitution. 1983 - US Navy aircraft from USS John F. Kennedy and USS Independence attack Syrian Missile sites in Lebanon in response to an F-14 being fired on by an SA-7. One A-6 Intruder and A-7 Corsair are shot down. 1 American pilot was killed, one was rescued and one is captured. 1984 - Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar. 1991 - Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut; he is the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon. 1991 - Pan American World Airways ceases its operations after 64 years. 1992 - Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa. 1998 - The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched. 2005 - Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the government to allow universal and equal suffrage. 2006 - Six black youths assault a white teenager in Jena, Louisiana. 2014 - Islamic insurgents kill three state police at a traffic circle before taking an empty school and a "press house" in Grozny. Ten state forces die with 28 injured in gun battles ending with ten insurgents killed. 2015 - A firebomb is thrown into a restaurant in the Egyptian capital of Cairo, killing 17 people. 2017 - The Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac, Michigan is imploded, one day after failing to be imploded. 2017 - The Thomas Fire starts near Santa Paula in California. It eventually becomes the largest wildfire in modern California history after burning in Ventura and Santa Barbara Counties. Births AD 34 - Persius, Roman poet 846 - Hasan al-Askari 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam 1428 - Bernard VII, Lord of Lippe 1506 - Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Chiche 1555 - Heinrich Meibom, German poet and historian 1575 - Sister Virginia Maria, Italian nun 1580 - Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer 1585 - John Cotton, English-American minister and theologian 1595 - Jean Chapelain, French poet and critic 1647 - Daniel Eberlin, German soldier and composer 1660 - André Campra, French composer and conductor 1667 - Michel Pignolet de Montéclair, French composer and educator 1670 - John Aislabie, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1713 - Gasparo Gozzi, Italian playwright and critic 1777 - Juliette Récamier, French businesswoman 1795 - Thomas Carlyle, Scottish-English historian, philosopher, and academic 1798 - Jules Armand Dufaure, French lawyer and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of France 1817 - Nikoloz Baratashvili, Georgian poet and author 1835 - Samuel Butler, English author and critic 1844 - Franz Xavier Wernz, German religious leader, 25th Superior General of the Society of Jesus 1861 - Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland 1865 - Edith Cavell, English nurse, humanitarian, and saint 1867 - Stanley Argyle, Australian politician, 32nd Premier of Victoria 1868 - Jesse Burkett, American baseball player, coach, and manager 1875 - Agnes Forbes Blackadder, Scottish medical doctor 1875 - Joe Corbett, American baseball player and coach 1875 - Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian-Swiss poet and author 1881 - Erwin von Witzleben, Polish-German field marshal 1882 - Constance Davey, Australian psychologist 1883 - Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian author and playwright 1884 - R. C. Majumdar, Indian historian 1892 - Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator, Prime Minister of Spain 1892 - Liu Bocheng, Chinese commander and politician 1893 - Herbert Read, English poet and critic 1895 - Feng Youlan, Chinese philosopher and academic 1897 - Robert Redfield, American anthropologist of Mexico 1899 - Karl-Günther Heimsoth, German physician and politician 1899 - Charlie Spencer, English footballer and manager 1903 - Cornell Woolrich, American author 1904 - Albert Norden, German journalist and politician 1908 - Alfred Hershey, American bacteriologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate 1910 - Alex North, American composer and conductor 1910 - R. Venkataraman, Indian lawyer and politician, 6th President of India 1912 - Pappy Boyington, American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient 1913 - Mark Robson, Canadian-American director and producer 1914 - Rudolf Hausner, Austrian painter and sculptor 1914 - Claude Renoir, French cinematographer 1915 - Eddie Heywood, American pianist and composer 1916 - Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American journalist and author 1919 - I. K. Gujral, Indian poet and politician, 12th Prime Minister of India 1920 - Nadir Afonso, Portuguese painter and architect 1920 - Michael Bates, English actor 1920 - Jeanne Manford, American educator and activist, co-founded PFLAG 1921 - Deanna Durbin, Canadian actress and singer 1923 - Charles Keating, American lawyer and financier 1923 - Eagle Keys, American-Canadian football player and coach 1923 - John Krish, English director and screenwriter 1924 - John C. Portman, Jr., American architect, designed the Renaissance Center and Tomorrow Square 1925 - Albert Bandura, Canadian-American psychologist and academic 1929 - Şakir Eczacıbaşı, Turkish pharmacist, photographer, and businessman 1930 - Ronnie Corbett, Scottish actor and screenwriter 1930 - Jim Hall, American guitarist and composer 1931 - Alex Delvecchio, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager 1931 - Wally George, American radio and television host 1932 - Roh Tae-woo, South Korean general and politician, 6th President of South Korea 1933 - Wink Martindale, American game show host and producer 1933 - Horst Buchholz, German actor 1934 - Bill Collins, Australian film critic and author 1934 - Victor French, American actor and director 1935 - Paul O'Neill, American businessman and politician, 72nd United States Secretary of the Treasury 1936 - John Giorno, American poet and performance artist 1937 - Max Baer, Jr., American actor, director, and producer 1938 - Andre Marrou, American lawyer and politician 1938 - Yvonne Minton, Australian-English soprano and actress 1939 - Stephen W. Bosworth, American academic and diplomat, United States Ambassador to South Korea 1939 - Joan Brady, American-British author 1939 - Freddy Cannon, American singer and guitarist 1940 - Gerd Achterberg, German footballer and manager 1940 - Gary Gilmore, American murderer 1941 - Marty Riessen, American tennis player and coach 1942 - Bob Mosley, American singer-songwriter and bass player 1944 - Chris Hillman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1944 - Anna McGarrigle, Canadian musician and singer-songwriter 1944 - François Migault, French race car driver 1944 - Dennis Wilson, American singer-songwriter, producer, and drummer 1945 - Roberta Bondar, Canadian neurologist, academic, and astronaut 1946 - Karina, Spanish singer/actress 1947 - Jane Lubchenco, American ecologist, academic, and diplomat 1948 - Southside Johnny, American singer-songwriter 1949 - Jeff Bridges, American actor 1949 - Jock Stirrup, Baron Stirrup, English air marshal and politician 1950 - Bjørn Kjellemyr, Norwegian bassist and composer 1951 - Gary Rossington, American guitarist 1951 - Patricia Wettig, American actress and playwright 1953 - Rick Middleton, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster 1953 - Jean-Marie Pfaff, Belgian footballer and manager 1955 - Philip Hammond, English businessman and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1955 - Dave Taylor, Canadian-American ice hockey player and manager 1955 - Cassandra Wilson, American singer-songwriter and producer 1956 - Nia Griffith, Welsh educator and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Wales 1956 - Bernard King, American basketball player and sportscaster 1957 - Raul Boesel, Brazilian race car driver and radio host 1957 - Eric S. Raymond, American computer programmer and author 1960 - David Green, Nicaraguan-American baseball player 1960 - Glynis Nunn, Australian heptathlete and hurler 1961 - Frank Reich, American football player and coach 1962 - Vinnie Dombroski, American singer-songwriter and musician 1962 - Gary Freeman, New Zealand rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster 1962 - Nixon Kiprotich, Kenyan runner 1962 - Kevin Richardson, English footballer and manager 1963 - Sergey Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter 1963 - Nigel Heslop, English rugby player 1964 - Scott Hastings, Scottish rugby player and sportscaster 1964 - Marisa Tomei, American actress 1965 - Álex de la Iglesia, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter 1965 - Shaun Hollamby, English race car driver and businessman 1965 - Ulf Kirsten, German footballer and manager 1966 - Fred Armisen, American actor and musician 1966 - Andy Hess, American bass player 1966 - Suzanne Malveaux, American journalist 1966 - Suzette M. Malveaux, American lawyer and academic 1967 - Guillermo Amor, Spanish footballer and manager 1968 - Tahir Dawar, Pakistani police officer and Pashto poet 1969 - Dionne Farris, American singer-songwriter, producer and actress 1969 - Jay Z, American rapper, producer, and actor, co-founded Roc-A-Fella Records 1969 - Plum Sykes, English journalist and author 1971 - Shannon Briggs, American boxer and actor 1972 - Jassen Cullimore, Canadian ice hockey player 1972 - Yūko Miyamura, Japanese voice actress and singer 1973 - Tyra Banks, American model, actress, and producer 1973 - Frank Boeijen, Dutch keyboard player 1973 - Mina Caputo, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player 1973 - Michael Jackson, English footballer and manager 1973 - Steven Menzies, Australian rugby league player 1973 - Kate Rusby, English singer-songwriter and guitarist 1974 - Tadahito Iguchi, Japanese baseball player 1976 - Kristina Groves, Canadian speed skater 1977 - Ajit Agarkar, Indian cricketer 1977 - Darvis Patton, American sprinter 1977 - Morten Veland, Norwegian guitarist and songwriter 1978 - Jaclyn Victor, Malaysian singer and actress 1979 - Ysabella Brave, American singer-songwriter 1979 - Jay DeMerit, American soccer player 1980 - Rick Victor, Canadian wrestler and manager 1981 - Brian Vandborg, Danish cyclist 1982 - Nathan Douglas, English triple jumper 1982 - Waldo Ponce, Chilean footballer 1982 - Ho-Pin Tung, Dutch-Chinese race car driver 1982 - Nick Vujicic, Australian evangelist 1983 - Jimmy Bartel, Australian footballer 1984 - Marco Giambruno, Italian footballer 1984 - Anna Petrakova, Russian basketball player 1984 - Joe Thomas, American football player 1985 - Andrew Brackman, American baseball player 1985 - Stephen Dawson, Irish footballer 1985 - Carlos Gómez, Dominican baseball player 1986 - Kaija Udras, Estonian skier 1986 - Martell Webster, American basketball player 1987 - Orlando Brown, American actor and rapper 1988 - Andriy Pylyavskyi, Ukrainian footballer 1988 - Yeng Constantino, Filipina singer and songwriter 1990 - Lukman Haruna, Nigerian footballer 1990 - Blake Leary, Australian rugby league player 1990 - Igor Sjunin, Estonian triple jumper 1991 - Reality Winner, American intelligence specialist convicted of espionage 1992 - Peta Hiku, New Zealand rugby league player 1992 - Jean-Claude Iranzi, Rwandan footballer 1992 - Kim Seok-Jin, South Korean singer, songwriter and actor 1996 - Diogo Jota, Portuguese professional footballer 1996 - Sebastián Vegas, Chilean footballer 1996 - Sheryl Sheinafia, Indonesian singer-songwriter and actress 1996 - Ivan Belikov, Russian footballer Deaths 530 BC - Cyrus the Great, king of Persia 749 - John of Damascus, Syrian priest and saint 771 - Carloman I, Frankish king 870 - Suairlech ind Eidnén mac Ciaráin, Irish bishop 1075 - Anno II, German archbishop and saint 1131 - Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher 1214 - William the Lion, Scottish king 1260 - Aymer de Valence, Bishop of Winchester 1270 - Theobald II of Navarre 1334 - Pope John XXII 1340 - Henry Burghersh, English bishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of England 1341 - Janisław I, Archbishop of Gniezno 1408 - Valentina Visconti, wife of Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans 1456 - Charles I, Duke of Bourbon 1459 - Adolphus VIII, Count of Holstein 1576 - Georg Joachim Rheticus, Austrian-Slovak mathematician and cartographer 1585 - John Willock, Scottish minister and reformer 1603 - Maerten de Vos, Flemish painter and draughtsman 1609 - Alexander Hume, Scottish poet 1637 - Nicholas Ferrar, English trader 1642 - Cardinal Richelieu, French cardinal and politician, Chief Minister to the French Monarch 1649 - William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet 1679 - Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher and theorist 1680 - Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian 1696 - Empress Meishō of Japan 1732 - John Gay, English poet and playwright 1798 - Luigi Galvani, Italian physician, physicist, and philosopher 1828 - Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1839 - John Leamy, Irish–American merchant 1841 - David Daniel Davis, Welsh-English physician and academic 1845 - Gregor MacGregor, Scottish soldier and explorer 1850 - William Sturgeon, English physicist, invented the electric motor 1893 - John Tyndall, Irish-English physicist and chemist 1897 - Griffith Rhys Jones, Welsh conductor 1902 - Charles Dow, American journalist and publisher, co-founded the Dow Jones & Company 1926 - Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter 1933 - Stefan George, German-Swiss poet and translator 1935 - Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian violinist, composer, and conductor 1935 - Charles Richet, French physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1938 - Tamanishiki San'emon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 32nd Yokozuna 1942 - Juhan Kukk, Estonian politician, 3rd Head of State of Estonia 1942 - Fritz Löhner-Beda, Jewish Austrian librettist, lyricist and writer 1944 - Roger Bresnahan, American baseball player and manager 1945 - Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate 1948 - Frank Benford, American physicist and engineer 1954 - George Shepherd, 1st Baron Shepherd 1955 - József Galamb, Hungarian-American engineer 1963 - Constance Davey, Australian psychologist 1967 - Bert Lahr, American actor 1969 - Fred Hampton, American Black Panthers activist 1971 - Shunryū Suzuki, Japanese-American monk and educator, founded the San Francisco Zen Center 1975 - Hannah Arendt, German-American historian, theorist, and academic 1976 - Tommy Bolin, American guitarist and songwriter 1976 - Benjamin Britten, English pianist, composer, and conductor 1976 - W. F. McCoy, Irish soldier, lawyer, and politician 1980 - Francisco de Sá Carneiro, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 111th Prime Minister of Portugal 1980 - Stanisława Walasiewicz, Polish-American runner 1980 - Don Warrington, Canadian football player 1981 - Jeanne Block, American psychologist 1984 - Jack Mercer, American animator, screenwriter, voice actor, and singer 1987 - Arnold Lobel, American author and illustrator 1987 - Rouben Mamoulian, Georgian-American director and screenwriter 1988 - Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist and academic 1992 - Henry Clausen, American lawyer and author 1993 - Margaret Landon, American missionary and author 1993 - Frank Zappa, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1999 - Rose Bird, American academic and judge, 25th Chief Justice of California 2000 - Henck Arron, Surinamese banker and politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Republic of Suriname 2003 - Iggy Katona, American race car driver 2004 - Elena Souliotis, Greek soprano and actress 2005 - Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand soldier and author 2005 - Gregg Hoffman, American film producer 2006 - K. Ganeshalingam, Sri Lankan accountant and politician, Mayor of Colombo 2006 - Ross A. McGinnis, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient 2007 - Pimp C, American rapper 2009 - Liam Clancy, Irish singer, actor, and guitarist 2010 - King Curtis Iaukea, American wrestler 2011 - Sonia Pierre, Haitian-Dominican activist 2011 - Sócrates, Brazilian footballer and manager 2011 - Hubert Sumlin, American singer and guitarist 2012 - Vasily Belov, Russian author, poet, and playwright 2012 - Jack Brooks, American colonel, lawyer, and politician 2012 - Miguel Calero, Colombian footballer and manager 2012 - Anthony Deane-Drummond, English general 2013 - Joana Raspall i Juanola, Spanish author and poet 2014 - Claudia Emerson, American poet and academic 2014 - V. R. Krishna Iyer, Indian lawyer and judge 2014 - Vincent L. McKusick, American lawyer and judge 2014 - Jeremy Thorpe, English lawyer and politician 2015 - Bill Bennett, Canadian lawyer and politician, 27th Premier of British Columbia 2015 - Robert Loggia, American actor and director 2015 - Yossi Sarid, Israeli journalist and politician, 15th Israeli Minister of Education 2016 - Patricia Robins, British writer and WAAF officer. 2017 - Shashi Kapoor, Indian actor Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Ada *Anno II *Barbara, and its related observances: **Barbórka, Miners' Day in Poland **Eid il-Burbara, a holiday similar to Halloween in honor of Saint Barbara. *Bernardo degli Uberti *Clement of Alexandria *Giovanni Calabria *John of Damascus *Maruthas *Nicholas Ferrar *Osmund *Sigiramnus *December 4 Earliest day on which Detinjci can fall, while December 10 is the latest; celebrated on Sunday two weeks before Christmas Day. National Cookie Day Navy Day Thai Environment Day Tupou I Day
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